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35 terms

Psych 210 Ch. 1-7

STUDY
PLAY
butterfly effect
the phenomenon that says a small change has large potential power
cohort
a group of people that are in the same age group/generation
control
frontal area of the brain
longitudinal research
the best method for studying people's development over long periods of time
to offer solutions
The purpose of developmental theories is NOT
cognitive theory
focuses on the structure/development of an individual's thought process
assimilate
reinterpreting new experiences so that they fit into our old/current ideas
accommodation
radically changing old/current ideas based on new experiences
epigenetic systems theory
developmental theory that emphasizes the interaction of genes and the environment
sociocultural theory
the theory based on society & culture
DNA
the molecular basis of heredity which is constructed as a double helix
23 pairs
how many chromosomes are in a regular human cell?
Viability
Possibility
tobacco
the teratogen that slows growth
teratology
study of the factors involved in birth defects
prenatal period
the critical period in which behavioral teratogens are most susceptible to affect the brain and spinal cord
apgar scale
Evaluates infant on heart rate, respiratory condition, muscle tone, reflexes, and color
head sparing
Biological protection of the brain. The brain will suffer last
postpartum
feelings of inadequacy in young mothers leads to
7 pounds
the average North American newborn weighs about
1/5
by age 2 body weight averages _ of adult weight
1/2
by age 2 body length ranges about _ of adult weight
pruning
process by which under used neurons are inactivated
fine tuning
process of the brain that implies stimulation help neural connections develop
reflex
involuntary response to a stimulus
same motor skills
same sequence
4 & 30 inches away (20/400)
infants focus most readily on objects _ away
affordance
an opportunity for perception and interaction that is offered by a person, place, or object in the environment
visual cliff
an apparent, but not actual, drop between surfaces
reflexes
the newborns first sensory motor activities are
holophrase
one word sentences to express a thought
distress
first emotion displayed by infants
trust vs mistrust
infants first task
epigenetic
temperament is
strange situation
measures how a child responds to separations and reunions with a caregiver