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CJ 103 - Intro to Law and Justice Exam 2 STUDY GUIDE
Terms in this set (33)
Administrative law is
A common law marriage is one in which
the man and woman live together as husband and wife but lack legal documentation.
Much of the law governing contracts is guided by
Uniform Commercial Code
For negligence to exist, the plaintiff must prove that
the defendant had a duty to act in a certain way, the defendant beached that duty, the breach of duty caused the injury.
The most desirable form of social control is
The term general deterrence refers to
the preventative effect on those who witness but do not experience another's punishment.
Which is not an argument that informed proponents of capital punishment would use?
It is cheaper than life imprisonment.
In what case did the Supreme Court rule that sex offenders can be held in involuntary confinement after completing their prison sentences?
Kansas v. Hendricks
A critical component of the restorative justice model is the needs of the community.
Bridewells were early English juvenile courts.
The first juvenile court in the United States was in New York City.
Offenses that would be crimes if committed by adults (e.g., burglary) comprise most of the offenses that juvenile courts deal with.
Which U. S. Supreme Court case(s) abolished the juvenile death penalty?
Roper v. Simmons
The first juvenile court was established in 1899 in
Cook County, Illinois
The term binding out was used in the past to describe a practice similar to modern-day
all of the above
The first juvenile case (In Re Gault) to come before the U.S. Supreme Court having to do with the operation of the juvenile system dealt with all except which issue?
juvenile waiver issues
The USA Patriot Act was inspired by fears of communism.
The death penalty was suspended by the Supreme Court in 1972 because the method of execution was considered cruel and unusual.
The commitment of certain types of offenders for what they might do in the future has been ruled unconstitutional by the Supreme Court.
Although the Kansas City magnet schools are tremendously expensive, they have paid off in the much improved performance of their students.
all of the above.
In western Europe from the Middle ages and into the nineteenth century,abortion was allowed
in any case before the quickening.
decriminalized prostitution for prostitutes but maintained sanctions for their johns.
In Roe v. Butterworth, Roe claimed that Florida's criminalization of prostitution
violated her privacy rights
The Supreme Court has consistently ruled against either decriminalizing or legalizing drugs in the United States.
Drugs such as cocaine and heroin were first regulated under the Harrison Act.
The first written laws having to do with abortion are found in Hammurabi's Code.
The courts have determined that pornography is permissible because it is harmless.
Administrative agencies make law, enforce it, and adjudicate it, thus combining all three functions of government that are supposed to be separate.
Proximate cause is the same thing as the "but for" cause.
An intentional tort is one in which the tortfeasor deliberately causes harm to another person or property.
Property law in the United States is a product of English common law.
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