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Action Verb

A verb that shows action


A word the modifies a noun of a pronoun.


A word that modifies a verb,adjective, or another adverb. Many adverbs end in LY


A word the shows the relationship between a noun or a pronoun and another word in a sentence


The word or group of words that a pronoun refers to.

Direct Object

A noun or pronoun that answers the question whom? or what? AFTER an action verb

Indirect Object

A noun or pronoun that answers the questions : to whom? or to of for what ? AFTER an action verb

Predicate Nominative

Is a noun or a pronoun that follows a linking verb and identifies, renames, or explains the subject. To find the PN you must find the linking verb first.

Predictive Adjective

Is an adjective that follows a linking verb and modifies the subject. In order to find the PA you must first find the subject and the linking verb


A group of words that has a subject and a verb

Independent Clause

Can stand alone as a sentence because it expresses a complete thought

Subordinate Clause

Can NOT stand alone because it does not express a complete thought

Simple Sentence

A sentence that consists of one independent clause

Compound Sentence

A sentence that consists of two or more independent clause

Complex Sentence

A sentence that consists of one independent clause and one or more subordinate clauses


Tells what the sentence is or does

Subject-Verb Agreement

A verb must agree with its subject in number

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