39 terms

Theater Lighting Terms

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Terms in this set (...)

Acting Area
Areas of the stage that need to be illuminated for the actors.
Background light
Lighting that is not specific to the performer.
Backlight
Used to light the back of the performer. It gives depth and mood and separates performer from the background.
Barn Doors
A rotatable attachment consisting of two or four metal flaps (hinged) which is fixed to the front of a Fresnel or PARcan to cut off the beam in a particular direction(s).
Blackout (Bump-out)
Taking the intensity of lights completely out on a zero count.
Cross Fade
Process of bringing up one group of lights while dimming another.
Cross light
Prevents shadows on actor's face. You can do this by placing two spots on opposite sides of the stage at a 45 degree angle.
Cue
A command given to technical departments to carry out a particular operation. Normally given by stage management, but may be taken directly from an onstage action.
Cue Sheets
Paperwork containing a list of a production's lighting cues in numerical order.
Cue-to-Cue Rehearsal
A technical rehearsal where the actors are on stage to perform only the dialogue and action that occurs during cues.
Dimmer
A variable voltage regulating device that controls the amount of electricity going to the lights.
Donut
A metal or cardboard plate with a hole in the middle. It can be inserted in the color runners of a lighting instrument to sharpen focus or reduce spill
Dress Rehearsal
A rehearsal where all elements of the production are used. It happens after tech rehearsals and before previews.
Dry Technical Rehearsal
A rehearsal for setting cues with no actors on stage.
Fade In or Fade out
Changing the intensity of lights to come on or go off over a specified amount of time.
Floodlight
A lighting instrument that produces a wide, undefined beam.
Follow Spot
A narrow-beam focusing instrument that is manually operated, with a powerful light source, an iris, shutters,and a color changer. Follows performers on stage.
Fresnel
A soft-edge light, can create an even wash or small, focused spot; spherical reflector on a "sled" in the bottom of the fixture allows for focus.
Front Light
Lighting that is hung in the house and focused on the stage.
Gaffers Tape
A strong, tough, cotton cloth, pressure sensitive tape with strong adhesive properties. It is used in stage work because it can be removed cleanly.
Gels
Sheets of dyed plastic material that are used in front of a lighting instrument to alter the color of light before it falls on the scene.
Ghost light
An over night, safety light for the stage.
Gobo
A metal cutout placed in the gate of an ellipsoidal spotlight to project a pattern or image.
Horizon lights
Lights placed on floor downstage of backdrops and/or the cyc to light up from the .bottom
Lamp (Bulb)
Any light source in a self contained envelope, with a filament or electrodes, base, contacts, gas, and any support structures.
Lens
A curved piece of glass or other transparent material that is used to refract light.
Light Focus
Fixing the lights to the shape, color and direction that the designer has specified.
Lighting Control Board or Desk
An electronic device used in theatrical lighting design to control multiple lights and effects at once.
Lighting Designer
They conceptualize, create and plan lighting for a production; oversee the installation and operation of equipment and programming.
Preset
Anything in position before the beginning of a scene or act (ex. Props placed on stage before the performance, lighting state on stage as the audience are entering.)
Sandbag
A canvas bag used for weighting down or counter weighting many things backstage.
Scoops (Floodlights)
Large lamps (500-1000 watts), mounted in open face housings. They have yokes for hanging the units and provide a soft, widely diffused light, perfect for back drops .
Shutters
Movable metal pieces, used inside the housing of Lekos (Ellipsoidal Reflector Spotlight) to shape the beam of light.
Sidelight
Light that shines on stage from the wings.
Special
Any lighting instrument that is used for specific moments. They may not be used throughout the entire show.
Spotlight
A lamp that produces a strong beam of light to illuminate a restricted area
Top Light
lighting from above the stage; it helps create more dimension and depth for the actors and objects on stage.
Visibility
The first and most important purpose of lighting , which, in its most basic form, is nothing more than lighting the people and things on the stage so they can be seen.
Wash
Flood the stage evenly with light.