Middle East

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Bedouin
desert nomads
Aquifer
layers of underground rock where water runoff from rains and streams is trapped
Agricultural Revolution
8000 B.C. hunters and gatherers first began to raise plants and animals for food
Protectorates
Areas that have their own government but are controlled by an outside power
Mosque
Islamic places of worship
Muezzin
crier
Minaret
tower attached to a mosque
Desalination Plant
a business that is set up to take the salt and chemical out of sea water
Nomads
people who travel from place to place
Fertile Crescent
a region in the Middle East where farming and the first civilization developed
Desalination
the process of removing salt from seawater
Falaj System
in the Arabian Peninsula, an ancient system of underground and surface canals
Secular
to be run without religious influence
Shah
ruler
Ayatollah
conservative religious leaders