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(1473-1543) Polish clergyman. Sun was the center of the universe; the planets went around it. On the Revolution of Heavenly Spheres. Destroyed Aristotle's view of the universe - heliocentric theory.
Danish astronomer who set up obervatory to study heavenly bodies and accumulated much data on planetary movements, also taught many astronomers
German, Assistant to Brahe; used Brahe's data to prove that the earth moved in an elliptical, not circular, orbit; Wrote 3 laws of planetary motion based on mechanical relationships and accurately predicted movements of planets in a sun-centered universe; Demolished old systems of Aristotle and Ptolemy
Italian, improved the telescope Established Universal Laws of Physics, Dialogue Concerning Two World Systems, recanted, observations proved Copernician pov
swiss, Father of Pharmacology, experimented with new drugs, performed operations in front of students
english, discovered that the heart works as a pump to circulate the blood, father of modern medicine
english, Father of the Scientific Revolution, The Inductive method, The Advancement of Learning, Novum Organum
french, significace of doubt, the deductive method, Father of philosophy, "i think, therefore i am", Father of analytical geometry, Discourse on Methods
english, Principia, principle of universal gravitation, made up calculus to prove his theories, skilled in optics and in spectroscopic analysis
Michel de Montaigne
"all that is certain is that nothing is certain" called for man to doubt and question
natural laws designed to defend natural rights, Laws of War and Peace, against torture, did not encourage rebellion, international law
wrote greatest drama of the english speaking language, plays reflected the concerns of the age, wrote great tragedies
italian music style that coincides with boroque... grand, written on contract to please a ruler
the trend toward making religious faith a private domain rather than one directly connected to state power and science; it prompted a search for nonreligious explanations for political authorityand natural phenomena
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