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1. The Restoration period (historical background, the theatre)

STUDY
PLAY
restoration
the act of bringing back a system that has existed previously
the Restoration
the time in Britain after 1660 when, following a period with no king or queen, Charles II became king
the Protectorate
the period from 1653 to 1658 when Oliver Cromwell ruled Britain with the title of Lord Protector, and from 1658-59, when his son Richard ruled with the same title. During this time they claimed greater powers, often ruling alone without a parliament. In 1659 the Long Parliament was established again, which voted for the return of King Charles II.
brothel
a house where people pay to have sex with prostitutes
blasphemy
behavior or language that insults or shows lack of respect for God or religion
(istenkáromlás)
merrymaking
fun and enjoyment with singing, laughing, drinking, etc.
wordliness
connected with the world in which we live rather than with spiritual things
(világiasság)
wit
a person who has the ability to say or write things that are both clever and amusing
libertine
a person, usually a man, who leads an immoral life and is interested in pleasure, especially sexual pleasure
(züllött fráter)
rake
a man, especially a rich and fashionable one, who is thought to have low moral standards, for example because he drinks or gambles a lot or has sex with a lot of women
practical joke
a trick that is played on sb to make them look stupid and to make other people laugh
(durva tréfa)
satire
a way of criticising a person, an idea or an institution in which you use humour to show their faults or weaknesses; a piece of writing that uses this type of criticism
obscene
connected with sex in a way that most people find offensive
blunt (and obscene political satires)
abrupt; rudely straightforward or honest
amorous poem
szerelmes vers
thriving theatrical life
to became and continue to be, successful, strong, healthy, etc.
patent
an official right to be the only person to make, use or sell a product or an invention; a document that proves this
Nell Gwyn
an English actress who was the lover of King Charles II for many years. She came from a poor background and could not read or write, but she had two of Charles's sons. She is thought of as a lively, cheerful and attractive woman who at one time sold oranges in the theatre at Covent Garden.
The Siege of Rhodes
considered to be the first English opera
bombast
words which sound important but have little meaning, used to impress people
(fellengzősség)
rant
to speak or complain about sth in a loud and/or angry way
comedy of manners
an amusing play, film/movie, or book that shows the silly behavior of a particular group of people
to cuckold man
felszarvazott férj
William Wycherley
an English writer of Restoration comedy plays. His best-known play is The Country Wife (1675), which is still performed today and which has as its theme the immoral behavior of a section of the society of his time.
coxcomb
a man of inferior intelligence who is preoccupied with his appearance, but usually misses the mark and appears extravagant and affected rather than truly fashionable
(bolond) (also a fop)
fop
a man who is too interested in his clothes and the way he looks (also a coxcomb)
cunning
able to get what you want in a clever way, especially by tricking or cheating sb
(ravaszság)
decorum
polite behavior that is appropriate in a social situation
(illem)
conduct
to behave in a particular way
(magaviselet)
pretence
szerepjátszás, színlelés
human follies
emberi butaság
verbal ease
könnyelműség. jólét
literary merit
irodalmi érdem
apparent immorality
látszólagos erkölcstelenség
artificiality
created by people; not happening naturally
(mesterkéltség)
the exaggerated artificiality suspends the moral perspective
a túlzott mesterkéltség felfüggeszti az erkölcsös kicsengést
Interregnum 1649-1660
trónüresedés
hypocratical
kétszínű
proscenium
előtér
the Long Parliament
the English parliament first called to meet by King Charles I in 1640. Its opposition to the king led to the English Civil War between the Parlamentarians and the Royalists. At the Restoration in 1660 a new parliament was created.
the Short Parliament
the first of the two parliaments set up by the English King Charles I in 1640 when he needed the legal power of Parliament to raise money for a war against Scotland. When the MPs refused to support the king he dismissed the parliament. It was replaced later in the same year by the Long Parliament.