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34 terms

Global Studies/Civivs Finals

STUDY
PLAY
Civics
the study of what it means to be an American citizen
Responsibilities of US Citzens
Vote in Election
Obey laws and cooperate with Authorities
Be willing to serve in the court system or in government, if selected
US Census
every 10 years the federal government takes an official count of people in the U.S (last one 2010)
Naturalization
a legal process where foreigners become citizens
Strengths of the Articles of Confederation
states are given most power
first attempt at a government
Weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation
central government is weak and ineffective
no president to administer & enforce legislation
no national court system
Federalism
a federal system that divides a government's power between the nation government and state government.
Federalists
wanted a strong national government to keep the country united
feared if the Constitution wasn't passed the 13 states would become countries
Anti-Federalists
feared the constitution would defeat the purpose of the Revolutionary War
Popular Sovereignty
government by consent of the governed
appears in The Preamble
Preamble
To form a more perfect union
Establish justice
Insure domestic tranquility
Provide for the common defense
Promote the general welfare
Secure the blessings of liberty
Concurrent Powers
Shared power between government and state. ex both can raise taxes and can enforce laws
Delegated Powers
Powers only of the federal government. ex. coining money and foreign trade
Reserved Powers
Powers only of the state government. ex. conduct elections
Libel
a false written statement that damages a person's reputation
Slander
spoken untruths that are harmful to someone's reputation
due process of law
one of the 5th amendment protections which states that no person can be denied life, liberty of property until the law has been fairly applied to the case
House Representative Requirements
be at least 25 years old
have been a U.S citizen for at least 7 years
be a legal resident of the state he/she represents
Senate Requirements
be at least 30 years old
have been a U.S citizen for 9 years
be a legal resident of the state
President Requirements
be a native born citizen
be at least 35 years old
haven been a U.S citizen for at least 14 years
Speaker of the House
John Boehner
Impeachment
A formal charge brought against a government official
Filibuster
a method of delaying action on a bill in the senate by making long speeches
Order of Presidential Succession
Vice President
Speaker of the House
Senate Pro Tempore
Secretary of State
Secretary of the Treasury
Supreme court justices
9 Justices
Appointed by the President
Appointed for life unless impeached
Plessy vs Ferguson
established equal segregation
Judicial Review
The Power of the U.S supreme court to determine if a law/action passed by Congress/President is in accord with the Constitution. If it's unconstitutional, it is challenged and brought to court.
Types of law in the US
Statutory - Laws passed by congress and state
Common - comes from judges' decision, mainly common sense
Administrative - laws by government agencies
Constitutional - laws based on the Constitution
7 Articles of the Constitution
1. Congress has the legislative power
2. How the House of Representatives should work / Their Powers
3. How the Senate should work / Their Powers
4. Time, Place, and manner of holding Elections for Senators and Representatives
5. The powers of each House
6. Privileges of the Senators and Representatives
7. Concerning passing Bills as Law
Bill of Rights (RAPPS)
Freedom of Religion
Freedom of Assembly
Freedom of Press
Freedom of Petition
Freedom of Speech
How are amendments added to the Constitution? How many are there?
Must be approved by 3/4 of the States.
27 Amendments.
Powers of the Legislative Branch
passes laws
can override presidential veto with 2/3 majority
approves federal court judges
Powers of the Executive Branch
can approve or veto laws
carries out the laws
appoints federal court judges
Powers of the Judicial Branch
interprets the meaning of law
can rule whether laws passed by congress or actions by the executive branch are unconstitutional