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necklike opening to the uterus


a female sexual organ homologous to the penis

Corpus Luteum:

yellow endocrine tissue that forms in a ruptured Graafian follicle following the release of an ovum




the presence of endometrium elsewhere than in the lining of the uterus


(pregnancy) the mucous membrane that lines the uterus


a general term for female steroid sex hormones that are secreted by the ovary and responsible for typical female sexual characteristics

Fertilization (conception):

the union of one sperm cell and one egg cell

Follicle-stimulating Hormone (FHS):

stimulates follicle cell deveopment which surrounded each developing oocytes; estrogen is produced to mature oocytes


a fold of tissue that partly covers the entrance to the vagina of a virgin


surgical removal of the uterus

Labia Majora:

the two outer folds of the vulva

Labia Minora:

Smaller pair of skin folds that protect the vaginal opening

Luteinizing Hormone (LH):

A tropic hormone produced by the anterior pituitary gland that targets the gonads. In females LH triggers ovulation and the development of a corpus luteum during the menstrual cycle; in males, LH stimulates the production and release of testosteron.


the time in a woman's life in which the menstrual cycle ends


the monthly discharge of blood from the uterus of nonpregnant women from puberty to menopause

Menstrual Cycle:

a recurring cycle (beginning at menarche and ending at menopause) in which the endometrial lining of the uterus prepares for pregnancy

Mons Pubis:

rounded, fleshy prominence located over the pubic symphysis


the moment of most intense pleasure in sexual intercourse


located one on each side of the uterus in the female pelvis, functioning to secrete estrogen and progesterone

Oviducts (Fallopian Tubes):

tubes located near each ovary that are responsible for carrying the egg to the uterus; site of fertilization; both empty into uterus


the expulsion of an ovum from the ovary (usually midway in the menstrual cycle)


premenstrual syndrome


a steroid hormone (trade name Lipo-Lutin) produced in the ovary


one of the three sections of the hipbone

Toxic Shock Syndrome:

syndrome resulting from a serious acute (sometimes fatal) infection associated with the presence of staphylococcus

Tubal Ligation:

blocking the fallopian tubes to prevent fertilization from occurring


tube that carries urine from the bladder and releases it from the body; in males, tube through which semen is released from the body




in the human female reproductive system, a canal that leads from the uterus to the outside of the body


external parts of the female genitalia

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