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31 terms

FEMALE REPRODUCTION VOCABULRY WORDS

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Cervix:
necklike opening to the uterus
Clitoris:
a female sexual organ homologous to the penis
Corpus Luteum:
yellow endocrine tissue that forms in a ruptured Graafian follicle following the release of an ovum
D&C:
discharge
Endometriosis:
the presence of endometrium elsewhere than in the lining of the uterus
Endometrium:
(pregnancy) the mucous membrane that lines the uterus
Estrogen:
a general term for female steroid sex hormones that are secreted by the ovary and responsible for typical female sexual characteristics
Fertilization (conception):
the union of one sperm cell and one egg cell
Follicle-stimulating Hormone (FHS):
stimulates follicle cell deveopment which surrounded each developing oocytes; estrogen is produced to mature oocytes
Hymen:
a fold of tissue that partly covers the entrance to the vagina of a virgin
Hysterectomy:
surgical removal of the uterus
Labia Majora:
the two outer folds of the vulva
Labia Minora:
Smaller pair of skin folds that protect the vaginal opening
Luteinizing Hormone (LH):
A tropic hormone produced by the anterior pituitary gland that targets the gonads. In females LH triggers ovulation and the development of a corpus luteum during the menstrual cycle; in males, LH stimulates the production and release of testosteron.
Menopause::
the time in a woman's life in which the menstrual cycle ends
Menstruation:
the monthly discharge of blood from the uterus of nonpregnant women from puberty to menopause
Menstrual Cycle:
a recurring cycle (beginning at menarche and ending at menopause) in which the endometrial lining of the uterus prepares for pregnancy
Mons Pubis:
rounded, fleshy prominence located over the pubic symphysis
Orgasm:
the moment of most intense pleasure in sexual intercourse
Ovaries:
located one on each side of the uterus in the female pelvis, functioning to secrete estrogen and progesterone
Oviducts (Fallopian Tubes):
tubes located near each ovary that are responsible for carrying the egg to the uterus; site of fertilization; both empty into uterus
Ovulation:
the expulsion of an ovum from the ovary (usually midway in the menstrual cycle)
PMS:
premenstrual syndrome
Progesterone:
a steroid hormone (trade name Lipo-Lutin) produced in the ovary
pubis:
one of the three sections of the hipbone
Toxic Shock Syndrome:
syndrome resulting from a serious acute (sometimes fatal) infection associated with the presence of staphylococcus
Tubal Ligation:
blocking the fallopian tubes to prevent fertilization from occurring
Urethra:
tube that carries urine from the bladder and releases it from the body; in males, tube through which semen is released from the body
Uterus:
womb
Vagina:
in the human female reproductive system, a canal that leads from the uterus to the outside of the body
Vulva:
external parts of the female genitalia