CE 7 and CE 8 Review
Terms in this set (64)
The Virginia Constitution
The government of the State of Virginia is established by...
A legislature consisting of two parts, or houses
Virginia has a bicameral legislature called the
Which branch makes laws for the state of Virginia?
House of Delegates and the Virginia Senate
The two names of the houses in the legislative branch (General Assembly)
Annually for a fixed number of days.
The Virginia General Assembly meets how often?
The other name for the state of Virginia
The Virginia Executive Branch is headed by the
The Governor is elected for a term of ...
Executes laws for Virginia
What is the main duty of the Governor ...
The Governor appoints member of his Cabinet who oversee...
Acts as the second in command in the Virginia Executive Branch
Top chief legal advisor to the Governor in the state:
Chief legal advisor to the governor.
The duty of the Attorney General ...
It interprets and reviews laws for the State of Virginia
What does the Virginia Judicial branch do?
The Virginia State Court has how many levels.
Virginia Supreme Court
The highest court in the Commonwealth
Hear appeals from the lower courts
The job of the Virginia Court of Appeals is to:
Virginia Circuit Courts
State courts that have originial jurisdiction in felony cases and appellate jurisidiction for cases appealed
Virginia District Courts
State courts that have original jurisdiction in misdemeanor cases
Because the U.S. Constitution gives power to both the national and state levels of government, is is based on this concept:
What happens when federal mandates require state actions without adequate funding?
Supremacy Clause of Constitution
What explains that the federal government has the most power over states?
What gives states powers?
Powers that belong only to the states:
Powers that are shared by both levels:
Powers that ARE stated in the U.S. Constitution and belong to the national level (Congress):
Powers that ARE NOT listed in the U.S. Constitution but that the national level has as a result of the Necessary and Proper Clause:
Conduct foreign policy, regulate commerce and provide the common defense.
Responsibilities of the national level of government:
Promote public health, safety and welfare.
Responsibilities of the state level of government:
levy taxes, borrow money, charter banks, and define and punish crimes.
What are the responsibilities of both Federal and State Powers?
Powers no level of government can use.
Education, public health, environment, State Budget, and Revenue.
The primary issues in the legislative process at the state level
Introducing a bill. (A bill must be formally presented in each house of the General Assembly)
First step in the State Lawmaking process:
Working in committees
Second step in the State Lawmaking process:
Debating the bill on the floor (Members of both houses discuss the bill)
Third step in the State Lawmaking process:
Voting of the bill in each house (both houses must approve)
Four step in the State Lawmaking process:
Sending the bill to the governor (Governor can sign it or veto the bill)
Fifth (and last step) step in the State Lawmaking process:
Chief of State
Governor is the ceremonial head of the Commonwealth of Virginia. What role?
Governor proposes new state laws to the General Assembly. What role?
Governor is the leader of the executive branch of the state
Governor is the leader of his/her political party for the state. What role?
Commander in Chief
Governor is the commander of the Virginia State National Guard. What role?
The State; more specific, the General Assembly allows them to exist
Units of local government are political subdivisions allowed to exist by:
Units of local government in Virginia
Board of Supervisors
Counties have _____________ to exercise legislative power
- enact ordinances
- adopt local annual budget
Local legislative powers
Virginia counties and cities have ________ to oversee K-12 public schools
Incorporated towns have ____________ to exercise legislative powers
A ______________ may be elected by voters or town/city council members and is considered the executive branch.
Cities have ____________ to exercise legislative powers
May be hired by the legislative board/council to oversee the operations of the local governments
The chief law enforcement officer of local government; elected by the people.
Clerk of the Circuit Court
Elected by the voters; keeps the records of the circuit court.
Commissioner of Revenue
Property assessing officer of the local government; elected by the people.
Keeps the financial records of the local government; elected by the people.
State and local law
Local government enforces these by using the police.
Local government promotes this with inspections of restaurants, health departments, etc.
Public safety and the environment
Local government protects this:
Local government educates:
Local government levies and collects:
City powers are listed in these which gives permission to exist:
Local government officials
Individuals have the greatest influence on decisions made by which level of government (local, state, national)?
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