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Terms in this set (48)
Taxes on imports or exports, Taxes on imports or exports
State banks where Andrew Jackson placed deposits removed from the federal National Bank.
william lloyd garrison
White Abolitionist - Early 1800s - published The Liberator
the system of employing and promoting civil servants who are friends and supporters of the group in power
Famous black abolitionist that escaped from slavery who would later right a narrative of his own life that described his life. He promoted the abolitionist cause and drew the line where evil must be denounced.
an artificial waterway connecting the Hudson river at Albany with Lake Erie at Buffalo
seneca falls convention
Took place in upperstate New York in 1848. Women of all ages and even some men went to discuss the rights and conditions of women. There, they wrote the Declaration of Sentiments, which among other things, tried to get women the right to vote.
narrow houses set up in cities and towns to minimize space. The houses were built wall to wall in long rows. They had neither front yards nor back yards, but instead narrow alleys to separate the houses.
jim crow laws
Limited rights of blacks. Literacy tests, grandfather clauses and poll taxes limited black voting rights
booker t. washington
African American progressive who supported segregation and demanded that African American better themselves individually to achieve equality.
1st black to earn Ph.D. from Harvard, encouraged blacks to resist systems of segregation and discrimination, helped create NAACP in 1910
This 1906 work by Upton Sinclair pointed out the abuses of the meat packing industry. The book led to the passage of the 1906 Meat Inspection Act.
a ship canal 40 miles long across the Isthmus of Panama built by the United States (1904-1914)
Foriegn Policy idea by Taft to make countries dependant on the U.S. by heavily investing in their economies
March 1917. Sent from German Foreign Secretary, addressed to German minister in Mexico City. Mexico should attack the US if US goes to war with Germany (needed that advantage due to Mexico's promixity to the US). In return, Germany would give back Tex, NM, Arizona etc to Mexico.
It was Wilson's peace plan. Each of the points were designed to prevent future wars. He compromised each point at the Paris Peace Conference in 1919. The only point which remained was the 14th (League of Nations). Each one was appealing to a specific group in the war and each one held a specific purpose.
treaty of versailles
Created by the leaders victorious allies Nations: France, Britain, US, and signed by Germany to help stop WWI. The treaty 1)stripped Germany of all Army, Navy, Airforce. 2) Germany had to rapair war damages(33 billion) 3) Germany had to acknowledge guilt for causing WWI 4) Germany could not manefacture any weapons.
invention which vastly expanded the oil industry
Republican candidate who assumed the presidency in March 1929 promising the American people prosperity and attempted to first deal with the Depression by trying to restore public faith in the community.
the economic crisis beginning with the stock market crash in 1929 and continuing through the 1930s
Group of WWI vets. that marched to D.C. in 1932 to demand the immediate payment of their goverment war bonuses in cash
Franklin D Roosevelt
Was elected president of the US by an overwhelming majority in 1932, introduced the New Deal, and led the US through most of WWII.
New Deal Acts
economic and social reforms during the depression: Tennessee Vally Act (set up tenessee valley authority to help rebuild the region), Social Security Act, Emergency Banking Act (Govt insures peoples cash), Natl. Industrial Recovery Act( Public works, labour laws)
Nine young black men between the ages of 13 to 19 were accused of of raping two white women by the names of Victoria Price and Ruby Bates. All of the young men were charged and convicted of rape by white juries, despite the weak and contradictory testimonies of the witnesses
Japan and Manchuria
1931- Japan defies Open Door Policy and Leage of Nations and systematically begins taking over Manchuria; renames it Manchucko., 1931- Japan defies Open Door Policy and Leage of Nations and systematically begins taking over Manchuria; renames it Manchucko.
code name for developing atom bomb
in World War II, the nations of Germany, Italy, and Japan, which had formed an alliance in 1936.
the code name for the Allied invasion of Europe at Normandy on June 6, 1944; also known as D-Day
Codename for allied invasion of North Africa from Novermber 1942 to September 1943
Bataan Death March
April 1942, American soldiers were forced to march 65 miles to prison camps by their Japanese captors. It is called the Death March because so may of the prisoners died en route.
President Johnson called his version of the Democratic reform program the Great Society. In 1965, Congress passed many Great Society measures, including Medicare, civil rights legislation, and federal aid to education.
United States jurist who served as chief justice of the United States Supreme Court (1891-1974)
the chief justice that overturned Plessy v. Ferguson in Brown v. Board of Education (1954); he was the first justice to help the civil rights movement, judicial activism
1952; renamed himself X to signify the loss of his African heritage; converted to Nation of Islam in jail in the 50s, became Black Muslims' most dynamic street orator and recruiter; his beliefs were the basis of a lot of the Black Power movement built on seperationist and nationalist impulsesto achieve true independence and equality
Martin Luther King
United States charismatic civil rights leader and Baptist minister who campaigned against the segregation of Blacks (1929-1968)
wrote The Feminine Mystique credited with starting the second wave of woman's liberation movement, question domestic fulfillment, founded NOW
Gulf of Tonkin Resolution
The Gulf of Tonkin Resolution was a joint resolution of the U.S. Congress passed on August 7, 1964 in direct response to a minor naval engagement known as the Gulf of Tonkin Incident. It is of historical significance because it gave U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson authorization, without a formal declaration of war by Congress, for the use of military force in Southeast Asia.
Vice President under Eisenhower and 37th President of the United States
In 1964, when blacks and whites together challenged segregation and led a massive drive to register blacks to vote.
Ohio college where an anti-war protest got way out of hand, the Nat'l Guard was called in and killed 3 students (innocent & unarmed,wounded 9) in idiscriminate fire of M-1 rifles
A break-in at the Democratic National Committee offices in the Watergate complex in Washington was carried out under the direction of White House employees. Disclosure of the White House involvement in the break-in and subsequent cover-up forced President Nixon to resign in 1974 to avoid impeachment.
1st person to walk on the moon; U.S. Apollo 11; July, 1969; his famous words - "That's one small step for man, one giant leap for mankind."
many Middle East skirmishes including the beginins of the first Iraq war and the Iran Hostage Situation;, - Camp david accords
Iran Hostage Crisis
In November 1979, revolutionaries stormed the American embassy in Tehran and held 52 Americans hostage. The Carter administration tried unsuccessfully to negotiate for the hostages release. On January 20, 1981, the day Carter left office, Iran released the Americans, ending their 444 days in captivity.
Reagan's nickname for the Soviet Union, illustrated an end to detente
Iran Contra Scandal
Although Congress had prohibited aid to the Nicaraguan contras, individuals in Reagan's administration continued to illegally support the rebels. These officials secretly sold weapons to Iran in exchange for the release of American hostages being held in the Middle East. Profits from these sales were then sent to the contras.
Strategic Defense Initiative
Popularly known as "Star Wars," President Reagan's SDI proposed the construction of an elaborate computer-controlled, anti-missile defense system capable of destroying enemy missiles in outer spaced. Critics claimed that SDI could never be perfected.
Three Mile Island
1979 - A mechanical failure and a human error at this power plant in Pennsylvania combined to permit an escape of radiation over a 16 mile radius.
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