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Which was not a characteristic of "coverture"?

Children became the property of the state upon a husband's death.

The freedom of a Christian man or woman meant/means:

subservience, submission, and servitude to God

Which was not an aspect of Native American religious beliefs?

Their written religious text was called the Wicca.

Which of the following European countries did not have a colonial presence in seventeenth-century North America?


Which of the following was not a notable feature of sixteenth-century Spanish America?

The Spanish crown took little interest in the administration of colonial affairs.

Which was not a characteristic of American Indians?

There were four different tribes in the Americas

Which of the following was not a feature of Native American civilization prior to the voyages of Columbus?

Large cities were unknown to the Americas.

Which of the following was not a significant motivation behind European colonization in the New World?

the spread of democracy to the Americas

A significant outcome of the Portuguese arrival in West Africa was:

an expansion of Africa's internal slave trade.

The reconquista happened in


During the Pueblo Revolt, which of the following names were ordered to never be spoken again?


Which of the following series of events is listed in proper sequence?

Cortés's conquest of the Aztecs; Las Casas's Destruction of the Indies; Spanish abolition of Indian enslavement

The chief goal of fifteenth-century Portuguese expansion was:

the of a trading empire in Asia.

Who were the Peninsulares?

persons of European birth

At the time of first contact between Europeans and Native Americans, Native Americans had not developed:

wheeled transportation.

Prior to 1800, the largest settled community in what is now the United States was:


In the 1500s and 1600s, the Spanish in Central and South America relied on many of which of the following groups to work fields and mines?


The first African slaves were transported to the New World in what year?


Which is not an achievement of the Indians of North America in the thousands of years before Columbus's arrival?

people in present-day Arizona constructed a large circle of red-earthen boulders.

In European exploration, conquest, and colonization of the New World after 1492, all of the following were true except:

Europeans brought with them a broad-ranging tolerance for others' viewpoints; kindness and tolerance being the mark of civilized peoples.

The oldest site in the present-day United States to be continuously inhabited by Europeans is:

St. Augustine, Florida.

Which was not expressed by Bartolome de Las Casas in A Very Brief Account of the Destruction of the Indes in 1552?

He believed that Indians ought to be allowed to continue to practice their native faiths as a true sign of Christian love and toleration.

Which was not a means by which Cortez conquered the Aztecs?

He bombarded the Aztec capital from his Spanish galleons.

Which of the following was not a prominent cultural belief among Indian societies of North America?

Only holders of property should take part in tribal governance.

In which country did the reconquista occur?


On the eve of colonization of the Americas, freedom in Europe was framed in hierarchical, top-down terms, with each level of society enjoying its own degree of freedom.


Small-scale slavery in which Indians enslaved other Indians existed in Indian society.


Europeans in the 1500s held firmly to the view that all men are created equal.


Horses, cows, pigs, and sheep were unknown to the Americas until Europeans brought them there.


The Pueblo Revolt of 1680 was swiftly crushed by Spanish authorities.


When Columbus first sailed to America in 1492, Christian Europe was entirely Catholic; twenty-five years later, following Martin Luther's 95 Theses, the Protestant Reformation had begun, and Europe was thrown into more than a hundred years of Christian religious wars.


The trans-Atlantic voyages of Columbus were sponsored by Spain, which had just achieved its own territorial unification.


Between 1492 and 1820, approximately 20 million African slaves came from the Old World to the New World.


After four trips across the Atlantic, Columbus recognized he had not reached Asia.


The Aztecs lived in a peaceful, non-violent society.


The reconquista was the reconquest of Spain from the Moors.


Of the ten million people who crossed the Atlantic Ocean to settle in the Americas in the 328 years from 1492 to 1820, most were white Europeans.


A strong immunity to European diseases strengthened Indian resistance to the conquistadors.


New Netherland extended all the way down from Quebec to the lower Mississippi Valley.


Before Europeans arrived in the New World, Native Americans were without extensive trading networks, irrigation systems, or large cities.


Most Indian tribes were matrilineal.


Colonial America was a hierarchical society in which some European colonists were indentured servants, Indians were held in forced labor, and Africans were slaves.


Spanish settlers in the New World comprised a mix of laborers, soldiers, priests, bureaucrats, craftsmen, and professionals.


Approximately 10 million men, women and children came from the Old World to the New World between 1492 and 1820.


In 1493, the Catholic Pope, Alexander VI, divided all the Americas between Spain and Britain.


At the time of Portugal's Atlantic exploration, the economies of West Africa were organized chiefly around slavery.


Perhaps 80 million Native Americans died in the century and a half following first contact in consequence of diseases carried by Europeans.


At the time of first contact with the Europeans, perhaps 12 million people lived in the Inca kingdom.


Most European men in the 1500s owned property and could vote.


In 1492 the population of Europe was greater than that of the Americas.


Africans enslaved other Africans long before the arrival of European traders.


In 1537, Pope Paul III decreed Indian slavery ended, but not African slavery.


To justify their colonial ventures, Spain invoked the threat of Protestantism.


During the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, all European nations had established churches, and religious wars between nations (and sometimes within them) were fierce.


In the Spanish colonies race and class were not importa


Little contact existed among the diverse Indian societies of North America.


When the author, Eric Foner, uses the term "unfree labor," he refers to those persons who were performing work, not for free as volunteers, but for wages.


Which of the following was not a significant feature of indentured servitude in seventeenth-century Virginia?

Indentured servants never comprised more than a small percentage of Virginians, the great majority of whom arrived either as free settlers or slaves.

In 1619, the first elected assembly in colonial America was:

The House of Burgesses in Virginia.

A "visible saint" was the term Puritans used to describe:

a person who had experienced divine grace, often during a lightning storm.

Among the problems facing the early settlers of Jamestown colony were:

high rates of death and disease.

Which of the following was not a significant outcome of the start of Chesapeake tobacco cultivation?

campaigns to discourage migration by English women, who, it was feared, would distract male Virginians from their work in the fields

The first permanent English settlement in the area now known as the United States was at:

Jamestown, Virginia.

Which of the following did not happen in the 1630s?

The House of Burgesses was established

Which of the following was not a central theme of Puritan thought?

The quest for material prosperity is a sign of moral corruption.

Who was the English-speaking American Indian the Pilgrims encountered at Plymouth Bay in 1620?


Having fled religious intolerance in England, the Puritans in Massachusetts:

were intolerant of persons who disagreed with their version of Christianity.

Cecilius Calvert envisioned Maryland as a refuge for:


The main lure for the majority of migrants from England to the New World was:

land ownership.

In 1600s Virginia, a femme sole could do all of the following except:


Which of the following colonies was established first?


Which of the following series of events is listed in proper sequence?

Mayflower Compact (1620); trial of Anne Hutchinson(1630); Half-Way Covenant (1662)

Who was the most prominent Native American leader in the original area of English settlement in Virginia?


Which was not a characteristic of Roger Williams' Rhode Island colony?

It required citizens to attend church.

The Mayflower Compact of 1620 asserted that:

just and equal laws made by male representatives onboard were to rule.

The English "enclosure" movement of the 1500s and 1600s forced small farmers off "commons" land so that the land could be taken up by:


Who of the following was the founding Governor of Virginia?

John Smith

In the religious view of the Puritans, you would get to heaven if:

God predestined you to heaven or hell; no earthly act could change that.

Which of the following was not a characteristic of early New England society?

equality of the sexes in church affairs, but not in government affairs

The expansion of tobacco cultivation in the early 1600s led to an increase in demand for which of the following labor groups?

Indentured servants

A key motivation behind early English settlement in the American colonies was:

ALL above - the profits to be made in trans-Atlantic commerce; escape from the material and spiritual corruptions of England; acquisition of land, and thus a measure of personal independence.

Colonial Virginia's economic substitute for gold was:


Which of the following was not a significant trend of sixteenth- and seventeenth-century English society?

the elimination of gender hierarchies

The Half-Way Covenant applied to whom?

grandchildren of the English Great Migration

Which of the following crops did John Rolfe introduce to the English colonies?


The "Rights of Englishmen" were established in the Magna Carta.


Anne Hutchinson scandalized Massachusetts authorities both for her unorthodox religious ideas and for her "unwomanly" engagement in public issues.


Colonial Massachusetts was organized into self-governing towns.


Intermarriage between Indians and English settlers was common.


Roger Williams was banished from Massachusetts for advocating freedom of individual conscience and religious choice.


In Puritan New England a husband's authority in his house was nearly absolute; genuine freedom for a woman was understood to come from her subjection to her husband's will and desires.


Under the Headright System, anyone who brought in a sizable number of servants would immediately acquire a large estate.


At the end of their period of indenture, indentured servants were often given "freedom dues" and became a free member of society.


In the 1600s in Massachusetts, full church membership was not required to vote in colony-wide elections.


The Pilgrims were Puritans.


In 1585, the English attempted to establish Jamestown in North America.


The Half-Way Covenant (1662) held that believers in the divine right of kings were good.


Because Puritan Massachusetts was deeply religious, ministers were frequently elected to colonial offices.


Because Jamestown was settled next to a malarial swamp, many settlers died.


England's ongoing struggle to subdue Ireland delayed its entry into New World colonization.


Anne Hutchinson offended colonial leaders and was banished from Massachusetts because she claimed God spoke directly to her.


Early New Englanders established trade relations with local Indians; early Virginians did not.


Seventeenth-century Maryland stood out for its system of absolute rule, but also for its practice of religious toleration.


Ordinary settlers in Puritan Massachusetts were called "gentlemen" and "ladies" or "master" and "mistress."


The first Thanksgiving celebrated the Pilgrims' survival and a successful harvest.


John Rolfe was the first governor of Virginia.


Most immigrants to America from England in the 1600s were poor, young, single men.


Slavery was never allowed in the devoutly Christian colony of Massachusetts.


Most migrants to seventeenth-century New England came out of the poorer reaches of English society.


Harvard College was principally founded to educate young men into the ministry.


New England quickly developed into a land of large plantations and landless servants.


John Rolfe married Powhatan's daughter.


Indentures usually bound indentured servants for periods of from five to seven years.


In the 1600s nearly two-thirds of English settlers came as indentured servants.


In Puritan Massachusetts, "visible saint" was a term used to describe people of outstanding kindness and generosity.


Most New England colonists sided with Parliament during the English Civil War.


The typical seventeenth-century woman in New England gave birth seven times.


When Nathaniel Bacon led a rebellion against the Governor of Virginia, he called for all except:

the freeing of slaves, particularly enslaved Christia

Which of the following was an effect of Bacon's Rebellion?

the increased use of African slaves

Prior to being taken over by the English in 1664, New York was:

called New Netherland, and controlled by the Dutch.

Which was not a characteristic view of mercantilism?

A country's imports should exceed its exports.

Which was not part of the Glorious Revolution?

It secured the Catholic succession to the throne of England.

Which is not true regarding King Phillip and King Phillip's War?

Indian tribes fought together under the unified leadership of Metacom.

Which of the following was not a major cause of Bacon's Rebellion?

a determination to abolish slavery in Virginia

Which was not part of the Dominion of New England (1686-88)?


Carolina grew slowly until planters discovered what staple crop?


Which of the following was not a theme of seventeenth-century British mercantilism?

Trade should flow freely among all lands, unimpeded by government policy.

The Dutch primarily settled in:

New York and New Jersey

The largest group of immigrants from continental Europe were the:


The colony founded by a leader who hoped women and blacks would be given equality along with all persons was:


Which was not an element in Leisler's Rebellion (1689)?

Leisler's success meant French domination of New York.

One significant consequence of the Glorious Revolution for the American colonies was:

a renewed sense of entitlement to liberty, as the birthright of all English subjects.

Which of the following was not a significant feature of the Salem witchcraft hysteria of the early 1690s?

Many were tried on charges of witchcraft, but no one was actually convicted.

Which of the following series of events is listed in proper sequence?

establishment of Dominion of New England; Glorious Revolution in England; Parliamentary Declaration of Rights

Pennsylvania's Charter of Liberty:

required persons to affirm Jesus Christ's divinity.

Which of the following was not a key factor behind the introduction of black slavery in the Chesapeake?

a fear that West Africans, if left alone, might seek to establish colonies of their own in North America, or even Europe

Which did not characterize free blacks (such as Anthony Johnson) in Virginia and Maryland in the 1600s?

They could not own African slaves.

Which of the following was not central to William Penn's vision for his Quaker colony?

a hands-off policy toward private behavior

In the mid-eighteenth century, colonial America's leading commercial port was:


In the Salem witchcraft trials of 1692,

almost 150 people, mostly women, were accused of witchcraft.

In 1691, Massachusetts was transformed when a new charter, issued by the English government, absorbed Plymouth into Massachusetts, and:

made property ownership, not church membership, a requirement for voting in General Court elections.

By the late 1600s, the majority of enslaved labor in the West Indies worked on:

sugar plantations.

Which was not part of the aftermath of King Phillip's War?

The Iroquois, having attacked the colonists, were destroyed.

New York was named after King Charles II's brother, James, the Duke of York.


After 1667, the Virginia House of Burgesses held that Christians could not enslave other Christians.


Bacon's Rebellion of 1676 was a rebellion over a tax increase on bacon.


Virginia's upper class in the 1700s was sometimes called a "cousinocracy."


Tituba, who was one of the people accused of being a witch in Salem, was originally an Indian from the Caribbean who, in 1692, was a slave in Massachusetts.


Slaves showed little inclination to challenge their enslavement in seventeenth- and early eighteenth-century Virginia.


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