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Chapter 7: A More Perfect Union, Section 2: Convention and Compromise
Terms in this set (20)
A period of low economic activity and widespread unemployment.
Massachusetts farmer who led an unsuccessful rebellion as a result of courts taking away the farms of farmers who could not pay their debts.
Forced courts to close so judges could not confiscate farmers' land. Was broken up when the state militia kept Shays and his more than 1,000 followers from seizing the weapons at the federal arsenal in Springfield, MA.
The freeing of some enslaved persons.
Religious group in Pennsylvania who organized the first American antislavery society.
"Father of the Constitution" who authored the Virginia Plan and later pushed for the ratification of the U.S. Constitution.
Proposed calling a convention to discuss trade issues as well as the possibility of making changes to the existing Federal Government.
Delegate who proposed Madison's Virginia Plan at the 1787 Constitutional Convention.
Plan of government proposed by Edmund Randolph and written by James Madison which would 1) create a bicameral legislature with the number of representatives from each state being based on state population (proportional representation) 2) have a Lower House of the legislature elected by the people and have an Upper House of the legislature elected by the Lower House 3) create a 3-branch government of legislature, executive, and federal court system
To be the same as or corresponding to. Proportional representation is when the number of people in a state determines how many representatives (and therefore, votes) a state has.
Creator of the New Jersey Plan.
New Jersey Plan
Plan of government proposed by William Paterson which would 1) keep a unicameral legislature with one representative from each state 2) create a weak executive branch of several persons 3) give Congress the power to tax and regulate commerce.
Author of the Great Compromise between the proponents of the Virginia Plan and the New Jersey Plan.
Compromise proposed by Roger Sherman which combined elements of both the Virginia and New Jersey Plans. The Virginia Plan's model for the national government was kept, and the Lower House of the bicameral legislature would be called the House of Representatives and have proportional representation. The Upper House would be elected by the Lower House, but the Upper House or Senate would operate under the terms of the New Jersey Plan (and the way the national legislature worked under the Articles) - each state would have an equal number of representatives, 2.
Agreement between two or more sides in which east side gives up some of what it wants.
Compromise between the North and South at the 1787 Constitutional Convention which held that a slave would count as three-fifths of a person for population and taxation purposes. This would keep each side's number of representatives in the House of Representatives equal.
The Revolutionary War brought into focus the contradiction between what?
The American battle for liberty and the practice of slavery.
Deciding to replace the Articles of Confederation, the states originally agreed to create a national government based on which plan?
The Virginia Plan.
How many states needed to approve the new Constitution in order for the new government to come into existence?
Three-fourths, or 9 out of 13.
President of the 1787 Constitutional Convention.
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