The Odyssey of Homer
Terms in this set (63)
the highest mountain of Greece, situated as the eastern end of the chain of mountains which forms roughly the northern boundary of Greece proper, overlooking the Vale of Tempe. in Greek myth, it was believed to be where the 12 Olympian Gods had their houses, built for them by the god Hephaestus, with Zeus' house occupying the summit
home of Odysseus; a rocky island in the Mediterranean Sea
king Nestor's island which is the first place that Telemachos visits for news of Odysseus
an ancient Greek city famous for military prowess
Calypso's island (Odysseus there for 7 years)
The island of the Phaeacians where King Alcinous gives Odysseus assistance to make the last sail to Ithaca
(Greek mythology) the god of the underworld in ancient mythology
an ancient city in Asia Minor that was the site of the Trojan War
(Greek mythology) the supreme god of ancient Greek mythology
(Greek mythology) goddess of wisdom and useful arts and prudent warfare
(Greek mythology) the god of the sea and earthquakes in ancient mythology
(Greek mythology) messenger and herald of the gods
(Greek mythology) the virgin goddess of the hunt and the moon
(Greek mythology) a famous mythical Greek hero
son of Odysseus and Penelope
(Greek mythology) the wife of Odysseus and a symbol of devotion and fidelity
(Greek mythology) the father of Odysseus
The aged and loyal servant who nursed Odysseus and Telemachus when they were babies. She is well informed about palace intrigues and serves as confidante to her masters. She keeps Telemachus's journey secret from Penelope, and she later keeps Odysseus's identity a secret after she recognizes a scar on his leg.
The loyal swineherd who, along with the cowherd Philoetius, helps Odysseus reclaim his throne after his return to Ithaca
Goat herd, MEAN, insults Odysseus (as the begger) and kicks Odysseus , Aids the suitors during battle and is tortured for punishment
Sister of Melanthius and maidservant in Odysseus's palace. Like her brother, Melantho abuses the beggar in the palace, not knowing that the man is Odysseus. She is having an affair with Eurymachus.
an ancient city in southeastern Greece, Odysseus' dog
the most arrogant of penelope's suitors. antinoos leads the compaign to have telemachos killed. unlike the other suitors, he is never portrayed sympathetically, and he is the first to die when odysseus returns
a manipulative, deceitful suitor. eurymachus' charisma and duplicity allow him to exert some influence over suitors
town beggar; fights with odysseus over whether he or odysseus can beg in the hall
song of king Nisos and a suitor of Penelope. He was killed by Telemachus with a spear.
(Greek mythology) a wise old counselor to the Greeks at Troy
son of menelaus by a slave woman
King of Sparta, brother of Agamemnon, and husband of Helen, he helped lead the Greeks in the Trojan War. He offers Telemachus assistance in his quest to find Odysseus when Telemachus visits him in Book 4.
(Greek mythology) the beautiful daughter of Zeus and Leda who was abducted by Paris
Killed his brother and escaped imprisonment by going to Ithaka with Telemachus. Says the house of Odysseus will prevail.
The beautiful daughter of King Alcinous and Queen Arete of the Phaeacians. Nausicaa discovers Odysseus on the beach at Scheria and, out of budding affection for him, ensures his warm reception at her parents' palace.
King of the Phaeacians, who offers Odysseus hospitality in his island kingdom of Scheria. Father of Nausikaa
Queen of the Phaeacians, wife of Alcinous, and mother of Nausicaa. Arete is intelligent and influential. Nausicaa tells Odysseus to make his appeal for assistance to Arete.
blind minstrel in Alkinoos' court; he tells the story of troy and makes Odysseus cry
people who feed Odysseus's men lotus plants to make them forget Ithaca
The Kyklops who tries to eat Odysseus. He is also a descendant of Poseidon. His eye gets poked out by Odysseus who tells him that his name is Nobody.
one eyed monsters, children of uranus and gaia
from island of Ailous, gives Odysseus a bag of winds to help him on his journey home, won't help them a second time b/c he refuses to go against the other gods, who are surely against O
(Greek mythology) a sorceress who detained Odysseus on her island and turned his men into swine
Land of Dead
The home of the god of the underworld, Hades, where Odysseus was told to find Teiresias, the dead prophet, who would tell him how to get home
Youngest member of Odysseus' crew. The morning of their departure from Circe's island, he falls from the rooftop and dies. Odysseus meets with his shade in Hades.
famous blind prophet from the city of Thebes. Odysseus meets him in the Land of the Dead
Daughter of Autolycus and Amphithea. She was the mother of Odysseus.
Leader of the Greeks and the central character of the Iliad. Son of Thesis and Peleus. (Greek)
sea nymphs who lured sailors to destruction with their songs
(Greek mythology) a sea nymph transformed into a sea monster who lived on one side of a narrow strait
Cattle of Helios
The men eat the cattle wihle Odysseus ud off prating for an end to the storm that have kept them trapped on the island for a month
Eury lochus persuades the men by saying famine is the worst dealth and he'd rather drown.
(Greek mythology) a ship-devouring whirlpool lying on the other side of a narrow strait from Scylla
Goddess holding Odysseus captive on her island, lets him go once she is informed of Odysseus' fate
The islanders of Skheria who are ruled by Alkinoos; Odysseus lands on their island
The singer of epic poetry. In preliterate culture, a bard recreates his song in each performmance, using traditional formulas and type scenes as building blocks of his poetry.
From M.H. Abrams: 1. Long narrative poem on serious subject 2. Told in formal, elevated style 3. Centers on heroic or quasi-divine figures on whose action depend the fate of a group, a nation, or humankind 4. Action is heroic deeds in battle, long arduous journeys, or quests 5. Gods or other supernatural beings take an interest and an active role in human affairs.
A protracted comparison beginning with "like" or "as"; often holds up the action at a crucial point to hold suspense.
An adjective or group of adjectives closely associated with a character's name. Odysseus' most common epithet is polumetis, meaning much wisdom, skill, cunning, and craftiness.
Odysseus' visit to the underworld.
Return or homecoming.
The guest-host relationship. More than "hospitality," Zues directly oversaw the range of rules and obligations that guests and hosts have to one another. Consider Paris' theft of Helen as a violation of xenia. Moreover, a violation of xenia can be equated with a loss of civilization.
Imperishable glory, fame.
A guest, host, friend, stranger, or foreigner.
in medias res
"in the middle of things" - the traditional opening of the epic
invocation of Muse
when the bard invokes "the daughter of Zeus" for poetical inspiration
introductory language that highlights the major themes of the text.