Civil War Battles

Chapters 20 & 21 American Pageant 13th Edition
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Terms in this set (...)

Battle of Fort Sumter
April 12-14, 1861
Confederate victory
A federal outpost in Charleston, South Carolina that was attacked by the Confederates in April 1861, sparking the Civil War.
Battle of Bull Run (First Manassas)
July 21, 1861
Union loss
Showed the Union the war would not be easily won and that they needed to train their armies and leaders
Fort Henry & Donelson
February 6 and 11-16, 1862
Union victories
Grant's first military success.
elevated Brig. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant from an obscure and largely unproven leader to the rank of major general
The Peninsula Campaign
March - July 1862
Confederate victory
Showed Mcclellan's weaknesses
Battle of the Monitor and Merrimack (Battle of Hampton Roads)
March 8, 1862 - March 9, 1862
Strategic Union victory
history's first duel between ironclad warships and the beginning of a new era of naval warfare
Battle of Shiloh
April 6-7, 1862
Union Victory
Union gained part of Mississippi River and western Tennessee
Second Battle of Bull Run
August 28-30, 1862
Confederate victory
Confederate attack that helped push Union forces out of Virginia
Battle of Antietam
September 17, 1862
Strategic Union victory
Allowed Lincoln to make the Emancipation Proclamation (prevents foreign powers from entering the war for slavery, provides a rationale for the war, and allows blacks to enlist in the army)
McClellan's last battle as general
Battle of Fredericksburg
December 11-15, 1862
Confederate victory
A. E. Burnside's first battle as general (Union)
Battle of Stones River
Dec. 31, 1862- Jan. 2, 1863.
Union Victory
loss of men hits South hard. Bloodiest one day in the west
Battle of Chancellorsville
April 30 - May 6, 1863
Confederate victory
General Joseph Hooker replaced Burnside
Stonewall Jackson is killed by his own troops
Battle of Gettysburg
July 1-3 1863
Union victory
Turning point of the War that made it clear the North would win
Battle convinced European countries not to get involved
Gettysburg Address (redefined the Civil War as a struggle not merely for the Union, but as "a new birth of freedom" that would bring true equality to all of its citizens.)
Battle of Vicksburg
May 18 - July 4, 1863
Union victory
Union gains control of Mississippi, confederacy split in two
Battle of Fort Pillow
April 12, 1864
Confederate victory
African Americans fighting for the union surrender, they just kill them instead of keeping them as prisoners. White soldiers hear this and feel that this is a rallying cry
Battle of Spotsylvania Court House
May 8-21, 1864
Inconclusive
One in a series of dogged attacks in Virginia by Union general Ulysses S. Grant on entrenched Confederate positions during May 1864, the battle prompted high casualties and mounting public criticism. However, Grant continued to push on until the disaster at Cold Harbor later in the month caused him to reconsider his tactics.
Atlanta Campaign
May 7 - September 2, 1864
Union Victory
was a series of battles fought in the Western Theater throughout northwest Georgia and the area around Atlanta, Georgia, during the summer of 1864, leading to the eventual fall of Atlanta and hastening the end of the American Civil War
Sherman's March to the Sea
Nov. 15 to Dec. 21, 1864
Union
devastating total war military campaign
Battle of the Wilderness
May 5-7, 1864
Inconclusive
depleted the Army of Northern Virginia.
One of the first examples of Trench warfare
Cold Harbor
May 31 - June 12, 1864
Confederate Victory
rise in anti-war sentiment in the Northern states
Grant called a "butcher" for killing so many troops
Siege of Petersburg
June 9, 1864 - March 25, 1865
Union Victory
Only Lee's Army of Northern Virginia remained as a substantial military force to oppose the Union Army. For nine months, Grant and Lee had faced each other from 53 miles of trenches during the Siege of Petersburg. Lee's forces had been reduced to 50,000, while Grant's had grown to over 120,000. The Southern troops began to melt away as the end became clear. On April 2, Grant ordered an attack on Petersburg and broke the Confederate line. Lee and his shrinking army were able to escape.
Battle of Bentonville
March 19, 1865 - March 21, 1865
Union Victory
The last and largest battle. It was between Sherman and Johnson. Johnson surrendered, and this, coupled with Lee's surrender, signaled the end of the war.
Battle of Appomattox Court House
April 9, 1865
Union Victory
last battle of the Civil war
Confederate General Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia surrendered to the Union Army under Lt. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant