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Liberty University English 102 Mrs. Tweedy's Final Exam study Guide... Poems
1st Person Voice
Inside speackers use this voice and are involved in action of the poem
3rd Person Voice
Speaker is outside the poem simply telling what is going on.
Not the reader- person whom the reader addresses directly inside the poem.
two people in the poem- characters are both speakers and listeners.
the speaker talks directly to an on the spot listener whose reactions may effect the course of the poem.
Figures of Speech
Equates known objects or actions with something unknown or to be explained latter merges identities
shows similarity or compatibility of the known to something unknown or to be explained
A figurative language device where something wrong or contradictory is shown to be truthful and non contradictory
Repetition of the same word or phrase throughout a work or a section of the work to give weight to its meaning and emphasis where needed
speaker in the poem talks to a real or imaged listener who is not present
human traits are given to non- human object or abstracts
part stands for the whole or the whole stands for a part
substitute one thing for another with which it is closely identified
words having similar sounds but different meanings
Words used for the same sounds but different or contradictory meanings
Poet describe feelings or perceptions with words that usually refer to a different or opposite feeling or perception
Exaggeration for effect
Deliberate undervaluing of a thing
Creation of an attitude in Poetry
Words- Phrases- express a Poet's ideas
Makes a point by emphasizing a discrepancy or opposite, allows you to understand and to feel
Carried out in poetry through word selection, points of ambiguity and discrepancies
Carried out through discrepancies between the ideal and the actual.
Built on the ignorance of the characters and the greater knowledge of the reader.
Designed to expose human follies and vices
in Poetry the main ideas presented by the poem as a whole
a motif it is repeated and developed in the poem
Sense or message of the poem as a whole
Study of poetic sounds and rhythms
minimal vowel sound
Meaningful sound that begins with the one vowel sound and then is completed by movement to another vowel sound
Uses the accented stress mark (/) more intense syllables that determine accent/ beat in a poetic line
unaccented syllable( U) less intense syllables
/ is used to
separate one foot from another in poetry
scanning a poem- informs on how the poem establishes its metrical pattern and variations in that pattern
# of feet in a line
5 feet =
4 feet =
3 feet =
2 feet =
1 foot =
one light stress followed by one heavy stress ( light/ heavy)
Suggests or imitates an action
Words contain identical final syllables in sound
Final syllables are identical in spelline in sound
Rhyming within individual lines
4 lines sections of a poem
Topic is derived from nature
5 syllables in the 1st line- 7 in the second, 5 in the third
2 to 4 lines long, witty satiric poetry
Lines composed to mark the death of someone
5 lines comic and bawdy poetry.
is the speaker of the poem not always a person
ex. You are the sunshine of my life
ex. You are like sunshine in my life
ex. Public speech with readers as the audience
ex. "Everyman" faith is a character
ex. All hands aboard
ex. Hollywood- when used to mean the whole movie industry
ex. a darkness that is visible- a soul that claps its hands
ex. England is a fen/ of stagnant waters- the whole country is morally corrupt
ex. The grave's a fine and private place, but none, I think, do there embrace
ex. Papa's waltz- refers to a poem which a father scoops up his child and whirls him around while drunk and yelling
ex. The wood of the sewing box is also wood used to make her dead boyfriend's coffin
ex. " The Workbox" the husband remains unsure of his wife's feelings about him, but the reader believes they know because of the wife's actions in the final stanza
ex. idea of goodness- idea of time passage
ex. Take advantage of time while you are young
ex. The "e" in "the boy"
ex. ia- appliance ou- house, snout oi- foil
ex. -ter in Wa-ter
ex. the winds
ex. Running, Dancing
ex. Men's eyes-- We real cool
ex. Brazen, Brainless, brothers
ex. Buzz, Bump
ex. Bouquet, fiance
ex. yearn, learn