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82 terms

English 102

Liberty University English 102 Mrs. Tweedy's Final Exam study Guide... Poems
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1st Person Voice
Inside speackers use this voice and are involved in action of the poem
3rd Person Voice
Speaker is outside the poem simply telling what is going on.
Listener
Not the reader- person whom the reader addresses directly inside the poem.
Dialogue
two people in the poem- characters are both speakers and listeners.
Dramatic Monologue
the speaker talks directly to an on the spot listener whose reactions may effect the course of the poem.
Figures of Speech
Metaphorical Language
Metaphor
Equates known objects or actions with something unknown or to be explained latter merges identities
Simile
shows similarity or compatibility of the known to something unknown or to be explained
Paradox
A figurative language device where something wrong or contradictory is shown to be truthful and non contradictory
Anaphora
Repetition of the same word or phrase throughout a work or a section of the work to give weight to its meaning and emphasis where needed
Apostrophe
speaker in the poem talks to a real or imaged listener who is not present
personification
human traits are given to non- human object or abstracts
synecdoche
part stands for the whole or the whole stands for a part
metonymy
substitute one thing for another with which it is closely identified
pun
words having similar sounds but different meanings
Paranomasia
Words used for the same sounds but different or contradictory meanings
Synethesia
Poet describe feelings or perceptions with words that usually refer to a different or opposite feeling or perception
Overstatement
Exaggeration for effect
Understatement
Deliberate undervaluing of a thing
Tone
Creation of an attitude in Poetry
Form
Words- Phrases- express a Poet's ideas
Poetic Irony
Makes a point by emphasizing a discrepancy or opposite, allows you to understand and to feel
Verbal irony
Carried out in poetry through word selection, points of ambiguity and discrepancies
Situational Irony
Carried out through discrepancies between the ideal and the actual.
Dramatic Irony
Built on the ignorance of the characters and the greater knowledge of the reader.
Satire
Designed to expose human follies and vices
Idea
in Poetry the main ideas presented by the poem as a whole
Theme
a motif it is repeated and developed in the poem
Meaning
Sense or message of the poem as a whole
Prosody
Study of poetic sounds and rhythms
Schwa
minimal vowel sound
Dipthong
Meaningful sound that begins with the one vowel sound and then is completed by movement to another vowel sound
Spelling =
Graphics
Pronunciation=
Phonetics
Heavy Stress
Uses the accented stress mark (/) more intense syllables that determine accent/ beat in a poetic line
Light stress
unaccented syllable( U) less intense syllables
/ is used to
separate one foot from another in poetry
scansion
scanning a poem- informs on how the poem establishes its metrical pattern and variations in that pattern
meter =
# of feet in a line
5 feet =
pentameter
4 feet =
tetrameter
3 feet =
trimeter
2 feet =
diameter
1 foot =
monometer
iamb =
one light stress followed by one heavy stress ( light/ heavy)
Trochee =
Heavy/ light
Spondee =
Heavy/ heavy
Onomatopoeia
Suggests or imitates an action
Rhyme
Words contain identical final syllables in sound
Exact Rhyme
Final syllables are identical in spelline in sound
Internal rhyme
Rhyming within individual lines
Quatrains
4 lines sections of a poem
haiku
Topic is derived from nature
Line Syllables
5 syllables in the 1st line- 7 in the second, 5 in the third
Epigram
2 to 4 lines long, witty satiric poetry
Epitaph
Lines composed to mark the death of someone
Limerick
5 lines comic and bawdy poetry.
Persona
is the speaker of the poem not always a person
Metaphor
ex. You are the sunshine of my life
Simile
ex. You are like sunshine in my life
Apostrophe
ex. Public speech with readers as the audience
Personification
ex. "Everyman" faith is a character
Synecdoche
ex. All hands aboard
Metonymy
ex. Hollywood- when used to mean the whole movie industry
Synethesia
ex. a darkness that is visible- a soul that claps its hands
Overstatement
ex. England is a fen/ of stagnant waters- the whole country is morally corrupt
Understatement
ex. The grave's a fine and private place, but none, I think, do there embrace
Verbal Irony
ex. Papa's waltz- refers to a poem which a father scoops up his child and whirls him around while drunk and yelling
Situational Irony
ex. The wood of the sewing box is also wood used to make her dead boyfriend's coffin
Dramatic Irony
ex. " The Workbox" the husband remains unsure of his wife's feelings about him, but the reader believes they know because of the wife's actions in the final stanza
Idea
ex. idea of goodness- idea of time passage
Meaning
ex. Take advantage of time while you are young
Schwa
ex. The "e" in "the boy"
Dipthong
ex. ia- appliance ou- house, snout oi- foil
Light stress
ex. -ter in Wa-ter
iamb
ex. the winds
Trochee
ex. Running, Dancing
Spondee
ex. Men's eyes-- We real cool
alliteration
ex. Brazen, Brainless, brothers
Onomatopoeia
ex. Buzz, Bump
Rhyme
ex. Bouquet, fiance
Exact Rhyme
ex. yearn, learn