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a figure of speech consisting of two apparently contradictory terms


a figure of speech that expresses a resemblance between things of different kinds (usually formed with 'like' or 'as')


a reference to another work of literature, person, or event


the repeated use of the same word or word pattern as a rhetorical device


A figure of speech in which an object or animal is given human feelings, thoughts, or attitudes

Dramatic Irony

Occurs when the meaning of the situation is understood by the audience/reader but not by the characters in the play/text


a figure of speech that uses exaggeration to express strong emotion, make a point, or evoke humor

Verbal Irony

A figure of speech in which what is said is the opposite of what is meant


repetition of a word or phrase as the beginning of successive clauses


short story of an amusing or interesting event


opposition, or contrast of ideas or words in a balanced or parallel construction

Loaded Language

The use of words to persuade people of something without actually making a clear argument for it.


a play on words, often achieved through the use of words with similar sounds but different meanings


form of literature in which irony, sarcasm, and ridicule are employed to attack human vice and folly


using words that imitate the sound they denote


A work that closely imitates the style or content of another with the specific aim of comic effect and/or ridicule.


a figure of speech in which one directly addresses an absent or imaginary person, or some abstraction, using "O".


use of the same consonant at the beginning of each stressed syllable in a line of verse


substituting the name of an attribute or feature for the name of the thing itself (as in 'they counted heads')

Rhetorical Question

a statement that is formulated as a question but that is not supposed to be answered

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