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45 terms

Ch 1 - Greeting & getting acquainted

STUDY
PLAY
ông
an older male (Mr/Sir)
an older female (Mrs/Madam)
a female teacher or unmarried female (Miss/female teacher)
thầy
a male teacher
anh
a young man or a male peer (male acquaintance)
chị
a young woman or a female peer (female acquaintance)
em
a male or female younger than yourself, a student, a young child (younger male or younger female acquaintance) - use as I
thưa, ạ
polite particles (thưa at beginning of response, ạ at end (opt))
chào
to greet, hello, goodbye
còn
as for, and
what?
to be
là gì?
is what?
tên
given name
tôi
I, me
tên tôi
my name (lit. name of mine)
xin lỗi
I beg your pardon, excuse me
họ
family name
họ tên
family name and given name
của
of (indicates possession)
đây là
here is (informal introduction)
kìa là
further
xin
to request, to beg
giới thiệu
to introduce
tôi xin giới thiệu
let me introduce (formal)
rất vui được gặp
very pleased to meet (from English)
với
with, to
anh chị
you (plural - when speaking to a man and a woman)
viết làm sao?
How do you write?
đây là ai?
Who is that? (cf. what is that person's name)
còn kìa là ai?
And who is that?
thưa/dạ
Use at beginning of response (polite)
gốc
origin
người
person
nước
country
tên đem
middle name
gặp
to meet
nào?
which?
nước nào?
which country?
người nước nào?
from which country?
cũng
also
không/không phải
no
and
vâng/phải
yes
không phải là....
not to be...