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substances that cant be chemically broken down into simpler substances


a substance made up of two or more elements that are chemically combined


two or more substances that are not chemically combined-they are physically combined

pure substance

any element or compound


smallest part of a substance that has all the properties of that substance and contains 2 or more elements

chemical bond

force of attraction that holds atoms together


go into solution


mixture in which the particles of one substance are evenly mixed with the particles of another substance


substance in which a solute dissolves


able to dissolve


ability on one substance to dissolve in another at a given temperature


NOT able to dissolve


mixture of two materials or more that separate on standing( let it sit there for a while)


suspension in which the particles are permanently suspended


jello, whipped cream, smoke, paint


salad dressing, orange juice, muddy water, snow globe


salt water, sugar water, coffee


carbon, copper, zinc, aluminum

homogeneous mixture

substances in the mixture are evenly spread out- same throughout

heterogeneous mixture

substances are UNEVENLY spread out- can be seperated, filtered, a suspensioin is this type of mixture


water H20, salt NaCl, carbon dioxide CO2

physical property

characteristic of a material that can be seen ex. density, thermal conductor, state of matter, size, shape

physical change

change in color,shape, size or state of matter

chemical property

characteristic of a substance that indicates whether it can make a chemical change like flamibility or reactivity with oxygen

chemical change

change of a substance to a completely different substance


left of the zigzag line, shiny, malleable, ductile, good conductors of electric current, good conductors of thermal energy


right of the zigzag line, not malleable/ductile, not shiny, poor conductors


have some properties of metals and some properties of nonmetals, semiconductors, found along the zigzag line,


another term for state of matter: solid, liquid, gas, plasma

universal solvent


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