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right to grand jury, indictment, no double jeopardy, freedom from self-incrimination, due process of law
right to a speedy and public trial. right to a fair jury. right to know what you are being accused of. right to see/hear witnesses against you. right to have a witness to help defend you. right to a lawyer.
Series of essays that defended the Constitution and tried to reassure Americans that the states would not be overpowered by the federal government.
Marbury v. Madison
established concept of judicial review, first time supreme court declared something 'unconstitutional'
McCulloch v. Maryland
Supreme Court case which validated the constitutionality of the Bank of the United States, denying states' rights to tax it
Separation of Powers
the division of power among the legislative, executive, and judicial branches of government
Checks and Balances
A system that allows each branch of government to limit the powers of the other branches in order to prevent abuse of power
Declares that all persons born in the U.S. are citizens and are guaranteed equal protection of the laws
citizens cannot be denied the right to vote because of race, color , or precious condition of servitude
1968; National Liberation Front and North Vietnamese forces launched a huge attack on the Vietnamese New Year (Tet), which was defeated after a month of fighting and many thousands of casualties; major defeat for communism, but Americans reacted sharply, with declining approval of LBJ and more anti-war sentiment
the production of large quantities of a standardized article (often using assembly line techniques)
Passed in 1883, an Act that created a federal civil service so that hiring and promotion would be based on merit rather than patronage.
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