81 terms

Fall 09 English Vocab

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denunciation
public condemnation: a public accusation or condemnation of something or somebody
inconspicuous
not obvious: not easily seen or noticed
James Cleveland "Jesse" Owens
(September 12, 1913 - March 31, 1980) was an American track and field athlete. He participated in the 1936 Summer Olympics in Berlin, Germany, where he achieved international fame by winning four gold medals: one each in the 100 metres, the 200 meters, the long jump, and as part of the 4x100 meter relay team.
Marcus Mosiah Garvey, Jr
17 August 1887 - 10 June 1940[1]), was publisher, journalist,entrepreneur, Black Nationalist, Pan-Africanist, and orator. Founder of the Universal Negro Improvement Association and African Communities League
collards
cabbage with very coarse, thick leaves
malignant
tending to cause death; highly injurious;
Eubie Blake
1800s, performer, jazz musician, late night talk show host, creates plays that are not in cooperatiom with white artists, everything black
vindication
freedom from guilt shame or punishment
dissipation
excessive drinking
sacrosanct
most holy or sacred rite
patriarchal
relating to a society in which men hold the greatest legal and moral authority
chattle
a movable article of property
Bessie Smith
African American blues singer who played and important role in the Harlem Reniassance
depravity
corruption; wickedness; perverted disposition
impunity
freedom from punishment, penalty, or harm
desecrate
to destroy the sacred nature of something
Duke Ellington
United States jazz composer and piano player and bandleader (1899-1974)
Shirley Chisholm
The first African-American woman elected to the U.S. House of Representatives
perfidy
intentional breach of faith; treachery
obdurate
stubbornly persistent in wrongdoing
squalid
1. neglected and dirty: neglected, insanitary and unpleasant 2. without any fine qualities: lacking in honesty, dignity
eccentricity
1. a quality of being unconventional, especially in a whimsical way 2. Noun version: an example or instance of unconventional whimsical behavior
iniquity
1. injustice or immorality: great injustice or extreme immorality 2. immoral act: a grossly immoral act
palsy
a condition marked by uncontrollable tremor;, Paralysis.
hoary
1. Overused; old & stale from overuse (like an old juice); 2) white with age-as in hair that has become white or gray with age.
scourge
(v) to whip, punish severely; (n) a cause of affliction or whip verb; suffering; a source of severe punishment or criticism.
taciturn
habitually silent or quiet; temperamentally disinclined to talk.
assuage
v. to lessen pain or distress ; to lessen the intensity of.
licentious
lacking moral discipline adjective; lacking moral discipline or ignoring legal restraint; disregarding accepted rules. "to urinate in the country woods is OK; to urinate ona public street is ______".
profligate
recklessly wasteful; wildly extravagant; immoral. "The prodigal son wasted his father's inheritance on gambling & drink".
epithet
word orword or phrase; phrase characteristically used to describe a person .
allusion
indirect reference;
reprobate
reject (documents) as invalid, a person without moral scruples.
Paul Robeson
United States bass singer and an outspoken critic of racism and proponent of socialism (1898-1976); 3-year NFL pro; also scholar, lawyer, singer, actor and political activist
disparity
inequality or difference in some respect; "The _______ of the soccer teams was evident in the final score of the game (9-0)".
bovine
pertaining to cows or cattle; "The vaccination had _______ orgins; it was made from cow's blood".
pithy
concise and full of meaning adjective; "The man welcomed her _____ comments about politics."
malediction
A curse; a wish of evil upon another. "Harry Potter stories are full of ______".
immune
resistant to; free or exempt from; N. immunity "The public is hopeful that receiving the flu vaccine will help them become _______ to the flu virus.".
sanctimonious
pretending to be holy or pious. "Ministers that are slave owners are _________; they do not practice love of their neighbors."
infernal
extremely evil or cruel, an inhabitant of hell . "The ________ heat and noise in the small classroom was unbearable".
sophistry
a deliberately deceptive or misleading argument; The senatorial candidate argued that his opponent was using ________ in an effort to distort his plan for education.
fractious
Tending to be troublesome; unruly, quarrelsome,; "Sometimes Eliza can be _________ when there are alot of people around".
altercation
noisy quarrel
austere
stern or cold in apperance or manner
wallow
to indulge oneself excessively
Eugene "Bull" Conner
(July 11, 1897, Selma, Alabama - March 10, 1973) was a Democratic Party politician and police official from the city of Birmingham, Alabama, during the American Civil Rights Movement. He was a member of the Ku Klux Klan, and a staunch advocate of racial segregation.
ambivalent
characterized by a mixture of opposite feelings or attitudes
prohibition
A decree or an order forbidding something.
W.E.B. Dubois
1st black to earn Ph.D. from Harvard, encouraged blacks to resist systems of segregation and discrimination, helped create NAACP in 1910
Claude Mckay
A poet who was a major figure in the Harlem Renaissance movement and wrote the poem "If We Must Die" after the Chicago riot of 1919.
garish
Excessively bright and flashy; tastelessly glaring.
Zora Neale Hurston
African American writer and folklore scholar who played a key role in the Harlem Renaissance
Flannery O'Connor
She was a Southern writer who often wrote in a Southern Gothic style and relied heavily on regional settings and grotesque characters. Her writing also reflected her own Roman Catholic faith, and frequently examined questions of morality and ethics.
Eudora Welty
United States writer about rural Southern life (1909-2001)
lapse
drop to a lower level, as in one's morals or standards or to slip/make a mistake
profuse
PLENTIFUL, PRODIGAL, OVERFLOWING; GIVING ABUNDANTLY
plausible
appearing to be true; reasonable; seeming to be logical or correct
pathos
quality in drama, speech, music, literature, or events that arouses a feeling of pity/sorrow
King Lear
the hero of William Shakespeare's tragedy who was betrayed and mistreated by two of his scheming daughters
William Faulker
was a Nobel Prize-winning American author. One of the most influential writers of the 20th century, his reputation is based on his novels, novellas and short stories. He was also a published poet and an occasional screenwriter
filian
of or expected from a son or daughter
Bronte Sisters
were English writers of the 1840s and 1850s. Their novels caused a sensation when they were first published and were subsequently accepted into the canon of great English literature.
petulant
easily irritated
Carson McCullers
American Southern Gothic writer. 'The Ballad of the Sad Café,' 'The Heart is a Lonely Hunter.'
dilemma
a choice between two unpleasant or difficult options
preconception
judgment made without experience
Willa Cather
United States writer who wrote about frontier life (1873-1947)
staunch
firm and dependable especially with loyalty
coy
tending to avoid people and social situations, reserved
nonviolent direct action
public actions that are confrontative, disruptive, and possibly illegal, in which there is no physical threat
concur
to agree
lamentably
regrettably; unfortunately
status quo
the current situation or condition
complacency
the state of being self-satisfied
Zeitgeist
the spirit of the time; the spirit characteristic of an age or generation
laxity
carelessness, laziness
interposition
stepping in to try to solve the problem
inextricable
incapable of being solved or untangled
conformity
adjusting behavior to meet a group's standard
James Meredith
He was a civil rights advocate who spurred a riot at the University of Mississippi. The riot was caused by angry whites who did not want him to register at the university. The result was forced government action, showing that segregation was no longer government policy.