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Practice Exam

The Deepest layer of the epidermis, the basal cell layer, is also known as the

Stratum Germinativum

The layer of skin that is composed of several layers of different-shaped cells and is responsible for the growth of the epidermis is the:

Stratum Germinativum

Cosmetology professionals are only allowed to use products that remove dead skin from the:

stratum corneum

The layer of skin that we see and is treated by the practitioner is the:


The fatty layer found below the dermis is the:


The muscle that causes goose bumps when a person is frightened or cold is the___

Arrector Pili Muscle

The tiny granules of coloring matter deposited in cells that provide skin with its color are:


The two types of duct glands that extract materials from the blood to form new substances are:

Sudoriferous & Sebaceous Glands

Water is the number one nutrient of the body and composes what percentage of the body's weight?

50 to 70%

The principal functions of the skin are protection, sensation, heat regulation, excretion, and:

Secretion & Absorption

The three main layers of the hair shaft are the cuticle, cortex, and:

Medulla Layer

A weak, temporary side bond that is easily broken by water and heat is a:

Hydrogen Bond

All natural hair color is the result of pigment located in the cortex called:


Oily hair and scalp are caused by improper washing or overactive:

Sebaceous Glands

The average growth of healthy scalp hair is about ______ per month.

1/2 inch

A condition that is characterized by brittleness and the formation of nodular swellings along the hair shaft is:

Trichorrhexis Nodosa

The medial term that is used to describe dandruff is:


Tinea is characterized by itching scales and sometimes painful circular lesions and is caused by:


An infestation of the hair and scalp with head lice is:

Pediculosis Capitis

A carbuncle is an inflammation of the subcutaneous tissue caused by:


The type of fungal infection that is characterized by red papules or spots at the opening of the hair follicle is:

Tinea Capitis

Dead cells that form over a wound or blemish while it is healing is a:


The lipophilic tail of a surfactant molecule is considered to be:

Oil Attracting

The water-attracting head of the surfactant molecule is:


Shampoos that help close the hair cuticle and are balanced to the pH of skin and hair are:


Shampoos that contain special chemicals or drugs that are effective in reducing excessive dandruff or relieving other scalp conditions are:

Medicated Shampoos

The hair should never be brushed prior to a:

Chemical Service

When providing a scalp massage, use the length of the fingers, fingertip balls, and the cushions of the:


Brushes with bristles that have tiny overlapping layers or scales, which clean and add luster to the hair, are:


During the shampoo procedure, the water should be monitored for:

Volume & Temperature

Shampoos that are created by combining the surfactant base with basic color pigments are:


Products that do not remove artificial color from the hair are considered to be:


Shampoo that can leave the hair dry and brittle and cause fading in color-treated hair is:

High-pH Shampoo

Characteristics that are associated with particular skin types are referred to as skin:


The amount of sebum produced by the sebaceous glands determines the size of the:


Dry skin that is not producing enough sebum is also known as:


Hydrators that are thick in texture and bind water to the skin are used for:

Dehydrated Skin

Products that are designed to lower the pH of skin after cleaning and aid in the removal of excess cleaning products are:


A cream-type enzyme applied to the face and rolled off the skin after forming a crust is a:


The stratum germinativum is composed of several layers with special cells that produce a dark skin pigment called:


Products used to increase the water content of the skin surface are:


Water-binding agents in moisturizers contain emollients or hydrators also known as:


The manual or mechanical manipulation of the body by rubbing, kneading, or other movements is called:


The impact of a massage treatment depends upon the amount of pressure, direction of movement, and:

Duration of Manipulation

A kneading movement that is performed by lifting, squeezing, and pressing tissue with light, firm pressure is:


The black cord and plug of the negative electrode on a galvanic machine is called the:


A mechanical exfoliation that uses a closed vacuum to shoot crystals onto the skin is:


A section of hair molded in circular movements in preparation for the formation of a pin curl is a __


The most commonly shaped pin curl base is the __

Arc Base

The hair type that is very resistant to hair pressing and requires more heat and pressure is __


To change the natural wave pattern of hair, the side bond of what layer of hair must be broken?


The range of numbers used in the pH scale is

0 to 14

In restructuring process, coarse, resistant hair with strong compact cuticle requires a chemical solution that is:

Highly Alkaline

Chains that are formed by peptide bonds that are linked together are:

Polypeptide Bonds

Chemical-based side bonds that are formed when two sulfur-type chains are joined together are:

Disulfide Bonds

More then any other single factor, what determines the ability for the hair to cold a curl?


In permanent waving, the size of the curl is determined by the:

Rod Size

In the permanent waving, panels of hair are divided into smaller sub-sections called:

Base Sections

In the croquignole method of wrapping , the hair is wound from:

Ends to Scalp

An acid with low pH that is the primary reducing agent in acid waves is:

Glyceryl Monothioglycolate

All acid waves have three components consisting of the waving lotion, neutralizer, and:


Waves that are activated from an outside heat source are considered:


Relaxers that contains only one component and are used without mixing are:

Metal Hydroxide Relaxers

To avoid over-processing an scalp irritation in a virgin relaxers application, start at least:

1/4 inch Away From Scalp

Conditioners with an acidic pH that conditions an restores the natural pH of hair after a relaxer but prior to shampooing are:

Normalizing Solution

During a retouch relaxer application, to avoid over-processing or hair breakage, Do Not:

Overlapped the relaxer

Hair that is treated with hydroxide relaxers must not be treated with:

Thio relaxers

Along the front hairline to prevent splits or breaks in the finished style, the recommended base to use is:

Triangular Base

Arc pin curls are also known as half-moon or:

C-Shaped Based Curls

Ridge curls are pin curls placed immediately behind or below a ridge to form a:


A type of hair gel that makes the hair pliable enough to finger wave is:

Waving Lotion

To create curls in using rollers, the hair should be wrapped around the roller:

Two-and-a-Half Turns

When securing a roller, one end of the clip should be under the roller and one end __

Inside the Roller

Another term used to describe back-brushing is __


Combing small sections of hair from the ends toward the scalp to form a cushion at the base is known as __


Large, flat brushes with staggered pin patterns used for mid-to-longer hair length are __

Paddle Brushes

The edges on flat irons that create smooth, straight styles on very curly hair are __


A pressing comb with less space between the teeth produces a(n) __

Smooth Press

After heating a pressing comb, the temperature of the comb should be tested using __

Light Paper

A hard press is also known as a __

Double-Comb Press

The press performed when the hair becomes curly again due to perspiration or dampness is a __


A true classic hairdo created out of a simple ponytail that can be a simple style or dressed up is a(n) __


A skin condition caused by an inflammation of the sebaceous glands. Inflammation, dry or oily scaling or crusting, and/or itchiness

Seborrheic dermatitis

Elevation on the skin that contains no fluid, but may develop into a pustule:


A dry, scaly skin condition due to a deficiency or absence of sebum caused by old age and exposure to cold is:


Distended capillaries caused by constant overdilation and weakening of the capillary walls are known as:


Contrasting lines that are horizontal and vertical lines that create a hard edge and form __

90 Degree Angle

A contagious, recurring viral infection characterized by fever blisters or cold sores is:

Herpes Simplex

When executing an updo always inspect the shape you are building from every angle to determine:

Well Balance & Proportioned

A long chain of amino acids linked by peptide bonds is called:

Polypeptide Bonds

A fiber protein that is the principal component of hair, skin, and nails is:


A weak, temporary side bond between adjacent polypeptide chains (Salt bonds are easily broken by changes in pH, and re-form when the pH has returned to normal) :

Salt Bond

Lines a constant distance apart in the same direction that are used to create width in a hair design

Horizontal Lines

Usually curved lines that are used to blend & soften horizonal or vertical lines

Transitional Lines

Establishing equal or appropriate proportions to create symmetry in a design:


The part of the overall design that the client will respond to first :


A single line of color or a series of repeated lines can create a :

Bold, Dramatic Accent

Hairstyle choice should create volume around the areas between the temples and jaw, by adding width around the ear area

Square facial shape

Is the outline of the face, head, or figure seen in a side view


The treatment that passes water through a porous substance, such as charcoal or a filter, to be purified is known as:


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