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40 terms

LGL120 Ch 25

Chapter 25
STUDY
PLAY
adoption
the legal process in which a child's legal rights and duties toward his or her natural parents are replaced by similar rights and duties toward his or her adopting parents
adoptive parents
parents who adopt a child
affiliation proceedings
a court action to determine whether a person is the father of a child born out of wedlock. Also called paternity proceeding.
bastards
children born out of wedlock. Also called illegitimate children and nonmarital children
collateral relatives
relatives not in a direct line, such as brothers, sisters, nieces, nephews, uncles, aunts, and cousins
coparceners
person to whom an estate of inheritance descends jointly and by whom it is held as an entire estate (early English law)
coverture
marriage
curtesy
at common law, the right of a widower, if issue of the marriage were born alive, to a life estate in all real property owned by his wife during coverture
decedent
a deceased person
degree of kindred
the relationship between a decedent and his or her relatives to determine who are most nearly related by blood
descendants
those who are of the blood stream (including adopted children) of a common ancestor
descent
succession to the ownership of real property by inheritance (early English law)
distribution
the apportionment and division of the personal property of an intestate among his or her heirs (early English law)
dower
at common law, the right of a widow to a life estate in one-third of all real property owned by her husband during coverture
elective share
a statutory sum given to a surviving spouse who disclaims the provisions made for him or her in a deceased spouse's will. Also called forced share
escheat
the reversion of property to the state if the property owner dies without heirs
forced heir
a surviving spouse who elects to disclaim the provisions of a deceased spoues's will
forced share
a statutory sum given to a surviving spouse who disclaims the provisions made for him or her in a deceased spouse's will. Also called elective share
full age
adulthood
half-blood
relatives who have one parent in common but not both
homestead
property that is beyond the reach of creditors and others' claims as long as the family uses the property as a home
illegitimate children
children born out of wedlock. Also called bastards and nonmarital children
intestacy
the state of dying without having made a valid will
intestate
having made no valid will
intestate succession
the act or process of and heir's becoming beneficially entitled to the property of one who dies without a will
kindred
blood relatives
legal fiction
an assumption, for purposes of justice, of a fact that does not exist
life estate
an estate limited in duration to either the life of the owner or the life of another person
lineal ascendants
people who are in a direct line of ascent (upwards) from the decedent - parents, grandparents, and great grandparents
lineal descendants
people who are in a direct line of descent (downward) from the decedent - children, grandchildren, and great grandchildren
majority
full age; adulthood
next friend
one acting for the benefit of an infant in bringing a legal action
next of kin
those most nearly related by blood
nonmarital children
children born out of wedlock. Also called bastards and illegitmate children
paternity proceeding
a court action to determine whether a person is the father of a child born out of wedlock. Also called affiliation proceeding
pretermitted child
a child who is omitted by a testator from a will
primogeniture
the state of being the first born among several children of the same parents (early English law)
probated
proved and allowed in court
vested
fixed or absolute; not contingent
waive a spouse's will
renounce or disclaim a spouse's will