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cast system (varnas)
-rigid social class system that is still intact today
-order = Brahmans (priests and teachers), Kshatriyas (rulers and warriors), Vaishyas (merchants, skilled workers), Shudras (unskilled workers, service people), Untouchables (impoverished, looked down upon)
-(samsara) Hindus believe this, believe that the atman is released from the body and later reborn
-the result of the effects of his or her deeds during their lives, better deeds = reincarnated into a better life (vice versa)
-to achieve moksha you must fulfill one's dharma, "set a spiritual duties or obligations," based on one's class, allows one to have good karma and avoid suffering on earth and escape re-birth
-Hindus common goal: to escape from reincarnation to reunite fully with Brahman, releases people from the difficulties on Earth
-founder of Buddism; born a prince; left his father's wealth to find the cause of human suffering; also know as Buddha
Four Noble Truths
-the central teachings of Buddhism; to live is to suffer; suffering is caused by desire; the end of suffering can be achieved; the solution is the Eightfold Path
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