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The highest mountains in the world, which stretch along northern India, separating it from China and rest of Asia
Indus Valley Civilization
Ancient worlds most populous civilization, located in Harrapa and Mohjeno-Daro modern day Pakistan, high level of urban planning, well organized govt, farming was basis of economy, well est. trade routes along indian ocean and Arabian Sea
5: Brahmins- priests, Kyshatriyas- aristocrats, Vaisyas- free skilled workers, Sudras- slaves/unskilled labor, Untouchables/Dalit
Main religion of India, no founder or formal church, roots from Aryans, shapes and unifies much of India "way of life"
Eternal truths revealed to wise men, forms of poems songs and prayers, Upanishads explained ideas
goal of life, liberation from Samsara, freeing of the soul from the body to unite with Brahman; one with Brahman
the doctrines of a monotheistic religion founded in northern India in the 16th century by Guru Nanak and combining elements of Hinduism and Islam
Indian troops in British army, gun cartridges greased with beef or pork fat, Results- Britain makes India a colony, Queen Victoria is empress of India, distrust between British and Indians
Effects of British Rule
Technology- improved roads, railroads and telegraphs, helped British keep control, Economic- British factories in India, less bought from Indians, Indians had to grow cash crops for expensive British products, Social- improved health care and sanitation, high caste Indians educated, taught about English language and culture(freedom and liberty)
East India Company
Lead by Robert Clive, British gain majority of trading rights, forced many Indian rulers to sign treaties
To protest the Rowlatt Act, Indians gathered in Amritsar, where British troops fired on the crowd killing several hundred. This sparked further protests
Founded by early Mongol leader Babur, early Mongols destroyed much of Hindu culture, Akbar(1556-1605) stressed tolerance; Accomplishments- Urdu, art, combo of Hindu and Muslim culture
East India Company controlled most of India, British were rulers of India, caused rise in India Nationalism
political and spiritual leader during India's struggle with Great Britain for home rule; homespun movement, civil disobedience, salt march, satyagraha
Indian National Congress
A movement and political party founded in 1885 to demand greater Indian participation in government. Its membership was middle class, and its demands were modest until World War I. Led after 1920 by Gandhi, appealing to the poor
an economic system in which the factors of production are owned by the public and operate for the welfare of all
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