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26 terms

Elements of Literature

Short Story Terminology
STUDY
PLAY
Setting
the time and place (approximate) of the story (when/where)
Characters
the people involved in the story
Plot
the incidents or events that occur in the story (what happened)
Protagonist
the hero or main character
Antagonist
the person opposed to the hero; villain
Conflict
a struggle between two forces or people (problem)
Falling Action
the events/incidents from the climax to the resolution
Climax
the turning point of the story
Resolution
the conclusion or ending
Theme
the statement an author makes (or implies) about life through the plot and/or character (Author's Message)
Mood
the feeling created in the reader by a literary work
Introduction (Exposition)
the beginning of a story--you meet characters, learn the setting, and the conflict is set up.
Rising Action
the events in the story which lead to the climax--suspense about the conflict is built
Internal Conflict
occurs within a character's own mind (Man vs. Self)
External Conflict
involves a struggle with another character, nature, or society (Man vs. Man, Man vs. Society, Man vs. Nature/Disease)
Characterization
the way a writer reveals the personality of a character.
Direct Characterization
when an author directly states information about a character.
Indirect Characterization
when an author provides clues as to what type of character one is.
Point of View
the vantage point, or eyes, from which a story is told.
First Person Point of View
the narrator is a character in the story and tells the story through his or her eyes.
Third Person (Limited) Point of View
the narrator reports the action from the viewpoint of ONE of the characters. He/she knows only what this ONE character is thinking and feeling, but is not a character in the story.
Omniscient Point of View
the narrator is all knowing and views the story events through the eyes of MORE THAN ONE character--the omniscient narrator knows everything that ALL of the characters think and feel.
Foreshadowing
the use of clues or hints suggesting the events that will occur later in the story.
Dramatic Irony
when the reader has knowledge that the characters in a story do not.
(EX: Jaws)
Situational Irony
when the result of an action is contrary to what is expected (the opposite of what you would expect)
(EX: The Police Station is robbed)
Verbal Irony
when a character says one thing but means another (sarcasm)