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Elements of Literature
Short Story Terminology
the time and place (approximate) of the story (when/where)
the people involved in the story
the incidents or events that occur in the story (what happened)
the hero or main character
the person opposed to the hero; villain
a struggle between two forces or people (problem)
the events/incidents from the climax to the resolution
the turning point of the story
the conclusion or ending
the statement an author makes (or implies) about life through the plot and/or character (Author's Message)
the feeling created in the reader by a literary work
the beginning of a story--you meet characters, learn the setting, and the conflict is set up.
the events in the story which lead to the climax--suspense about the conflict is built
occurs within a character's own mind (Man vs. Self)
involves a struggle with another character, nature, or society (Man vs. Man, Man vs. Society, Man vs. Nature/Disease)
the way a writer reveals the personality of a character.
when an author directly states information about a character.
when an author provides clues as to what type of character one is.
Point of View
the vantage point, or eyes, from which a story is told.
First Person Point of View
the narrator is a character in the story and tells the story through his or her eyes.
Third Person (Limited) Point of View
the narrator reports the action from the viewpoint of ONE of the characters. He/she knows only what this ONE character is thinking and feeling, but is not a character in the story.
Omniscient Point of View
the narrator is all knowing and views the story events through the eyes of MORE THAN ONE character--the omniscient narrator knows everything that ALL of the characters think and feel.
the use of clues or hints suggesting the events that will occur later in the story.
when the reader has knowledge that the characters in a story do not.
when the result of an action is contrary to what is expected (the opposite of what you would expect)
(EX: The Police Station is robbed)
when a character says one thing but means another (sarcasm)
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