41 terms

Shakespeare

STUDY
PLAY
the Renaissance
period of history lasting from the 14th to the 17th century which began in Italy with rediscovery of Ancient Roman art and involved a renewal of interest in individual human achievement
King Henry VIII
the father of Queen Elizabeth I who founded the Church of England in order to divorce his first wife
Queen Elizabeth I
Queen of England during Shakespeare's lifetime who reigned from 1558-1603; she led England toward stability and prosperity despite political in-fighting and religious turmoil
verse drama
plays in which the dialogue consists mostly or entirely of poetry; these were the most popular kinds of plays in Shakespeare's day
the Lord Chamberlain's men
the acting troupe with which Shakespeare was associated throughout the 1590s
playwright
Shakespeare was a ______, shareholder (part owner), and actor in the Lord Chamberlain's men.
shareholder (part owner)
Shakespeare was a playwright, _______, and actor in the Lord Chamberlain's men.
actor
Shakespeare was a playwright, shareholder, and ______ in the Lord Chamberlain's men.
1599
year Shakespeare became part owner of the Globe Theatre
The King's Men
After Queen Elizabeth's death, the Lord Chamberlain's Men became _______
Globe Theatre
Shakespeare was part owner of this theater built in 1599 which housed up to 3000 people
groundlings
these people stood in the pit and paid the lowest admission charges
No
Did Shakespeare speak Old English?
sonnet
a poetic form which originated in Italy
quatrain
set of four lines in a poem
couplet
set of two lines in a poem
three
Number of quatrains in a Shakespearean sonnet
one
Number of couplets in a Shakespearean sonnet
iamb
set of two syllables (unstressed/stressed) dah-DUM
Iambic pentameter
the meter in which a Shakespearean sonnet is written, consisting of 5 iambs per line
10
number of syllables per line in Shakespearean sonnet
Francesco Petrarca (Petrarch)
14th century Italian poet
whose sonnets were extremely influential, and widely read during the Renaissance
comedy, history, and tragedy
three categories in Shakespearean drama
comedy
play that ends happily and is usually humorous
history
play that chronicles the life of an English monarch
tragedy
play that traces the main character's downfall
tragic hero
the main character in a tragedy
importance, high rank
A tragic hero possesses _________ or ___________
extraordinary talents
A tragic hero exhibits ______ ________
tragic flaw
A tragic hero displays a _______ _______: an error in judgment or a defect in character that leads to his/her downfall
downfall
A tragic hero faces his/her _______ with courage and dignity
blank verse
unrhymed lines of iambic pentameter
meter
rhythm of a piece of poetry, determined by the length and number of feet in a line
soliloquy
long speech given by a character while alone on stage to reveal his/her private thoughts or intentions
aside
character's quiet remark to the audience or another character that no one else is supposed to hear
dramatic irony
This results from a situation in which the audience or reader knows something that one/more of the character do not know (bigger picture of the action)
rhetoric
persuasive language; uses language and sound to make speech more convincing and memorable
parallelism
repeated grammatical structures
parallelism
This is a ______

"Not that I loved Caesar less, but that I loved Rome more"
rhetorical questions
questions requiring no answer
Queen Mary I
Queen Elizabeth's Catholic half-sister

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