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include fatty acids, triglycerides, phospholipids, sterols and cholesterols. (do not dissolve readily in water) (163)
class of lipid built on backbone of glycerol, fatty acid replaced with phosphorus or nitrogen. (166)
(example of phospholipid and emulsifier) participate in fat digestion in small intestine; contains a part that attracts and repels water. (166)
(sterol) used to form certain hormones and bile acids and is incorporated in to cell structures. (Body can make all cholesterol, triglycerides, and phospholipids it needs.) (167,186)
Animal fats are the chief contibutors of saturated fatty acids to North American diet. (170)
ability to keep mixture of lipids and water from separating. (phospholipids; monoglycerides, lechithin and bile acids) (170, 186)
vehicles for transport of lipids from the small intestine and liver to body tissues. (178)
takes up various lipids from the blood and is manufacturing site for lipids and cholesterol. (180)
donates the cholesterol primarily to other lipoproteins for transport back to the liver to be excreted.
used for energy storage, insulation, and transportation of fat-soluble vitamins. (184)
increases shelf life, makes it harder, more saturated, reduces tendency for oxidative breakdown. (adds hydrogen to unsaturated fat, changing fat to trans fat) (174)
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