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139 terms

Action of the body

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movement away from the midline of the body
abduction
movement toward the midline of the body
adduction
The body is in an erect or standing posture with the arms at the
sides and the palms, head and feet point forward
anatomical position
Nearer to or at the front portion of the body
anterior or ventral
rolling the hip forward
anterior rotation
Movement in which the angle between two bones is decreased sideways
bi lateral flexion or lateral flexion or side bending
A movement away from the center of the body. This term is applied to movements made from the heart, or in the direction of the arterial blood current
centrifugal
A movement toward the center of the body. In relation to massage, the term is applied to movements made in the direction of the blood current in the veins
centripetal
When an object moves along a circumference of a circle
circumduction
To press or squeeze a specific area to reduce in size or volume
compression
The moving body moves toward the same direction although the path is a curved line
curvlinear motion
Away from the surface of the body
deep
Moving a body part inferiorly
depression
Further away from the point of origin
distal
Moving the dorsum (top of the foot) of the foot upward
dorsi flexion
The back; the back surface of any part
dorsum
Moving of a body part superiorly
elevation
Movement of the sole of the foot laterally at the ankle joint
eversion
Finger or toe movements
exception
Moving the jaw from side to side
excursion
Movement in which the angle between two bones is increased
extension
Located closer to the surface of the body
external
Movement in which the angle between two bones is decreased
flexion
Movement of the arm across the chest
horizontal adduction
Movement of the arm away from the chest
horizontal abduction
When a portion of the body is extended beyond the anatomical
position so that the joint angle is greater that 180°
hyperactive extension
Away from the head or lower part of a structure
inferior
Point of attachment for a muscle on a bone (More Moveable Part)
insertion
Located away from the surface of the body
internal
Movement of the sole of the foot medially at the ankle joint
inversion
Muscular contraction in which tension is developed but no mechanical work is done. There is no appreciable joint movement and the overall length of the muscle stays the same.
isometric contraction
A concentric or eccentric muscular contraction that results in
movement of a joint or body part, as in lifting a weight.
isotonic contraction
Away from the midline of the body
lateral
The anterior surface of the distal segment
moves outwards
lateral or external rotation
All parts of the moving body move in the same direction as every other part of the body and the path follows a straight line
linear motion or rectilinear
Toward the midline of the body.
medial
The anterior surface of the distal segment moves inwards
medial or internal rotation
Movement of the thumb touching a finger on the same hand
opposition
Origination of a muscle on a bone (Usually Less Moveable Part)
origin
Moving the bottom of the foot to the floor
plantar flexion
Nearer to or at the back of the body
posterior or dorsal
Rolling the hip back
posterior rotation
Movement of the forearm in which the palm is turned posteriorly
pronation
Means to lie face down
prone
Movement forward in a plane parallel to the ground
protraction
Moving anteriorly (eg: chin out)
protrusion
Closer to the point of origin
proximal
Abduction of the wrist away from the midline
radial deviation or wrist abduction
Movement backward in a plane parallel to the ground
retraction
Moving posteriorly (eg: chin in)
retrusion
The object acts as a radius and all parts of the moving object rotate in the same angular direction and follow a circular path about a pivot point
rotary motion or angular motion or rotation
Relates to the movement of a bone around its long axis
rotation
Movement of the forearm in which the palm is turned anteriorly
supination
Near the surface of the body
superficial
Toward the head or upper part of a structure
superior
Means lying on your back
supine
To pull a specific area to increase in size or volume
traction
All parts of the moving body move toward the same direction
translatory motion or linear motion or translation
Adduction of the wrist toward the midline
ulnar deviation or wrist deviation
Angulation outward and away from the midline of the body
valgus
Angulation inward and toward the midline of the body
varus
a prime mover
agonist
action of elbow during eccentric contraction of bicep
extension
action of knee during concentric contraction or biceps femoris
flexion
action of the femur when turning the feet outward
lateral rotation
action of the foot when pointing the toes up toward the knee
dorisflexion
action of the foot when pointing toes
plantar flexion
action of the hip when bringing the knee toward the chest
flexion
action of the hip when standing up out of a seated position
extension
action of the neck when looking at the ceiling
hyperextension
action of the toes when standing on tiptoes
extension
an inferior movement of the jaw is also known as
depression
occurs when a muscle is contracted and the ends of the muscle move further apart
concentric contraction
at what area of the body does opposition occur?
thumb
bringing the knees together
adduction
brings a limb medially toward the bodys midline(adding to the body)
adduction
carrying a bowl of soup
supination
causes the bone to describe the surface of a bone as it moves. the distal end of the bone describes a circle. it describes a circle with the arms outstretched
circumduction
counteracts the action of another muscle to prevent undesirable movements
neutralizer
decreasing the size of the angle between the lateral surfaces of the body
lateral flexion
eccentric and concentric muscle contractions are both
isotonic contractions
elevates the foots lateral side and moves the sole laterally(turn out)
eversion
elevates the foots medial side and brings the sole of the foot medially(turn in)
inversion
happens only at the carpometacarpal joint of the thumb. happens when the thumbpad crosses the palm toward the last pinkie finger
opposition
in which part of the body does lateral flexion occur?
axial skeleton
perfomed by moving the ankle to point your foot into the earth or stepping onto a pedal
plantar flexion
lateral deviation occurs in which area of the body?
mandible
lowering a part(drooping the shoulders)
depression
means to wander from the usual course
deviation
movement inferiourly
depression
movement of the forearm that turns the palm forward, as it is in anatomical position
supination
movement posteriourly(retreat)
retraction
movement superiourly
elevation
movement that bends a joint or brings the bones closer together
flexion
movement that straightens or opens a joint
extension
moves a body away from the midline of the body(moving the arms straight out to the sides)
abduction
moves a bone toward the midline of the body at a horizontal level(raising the humerus & bringing it across the chest)
horizontal adduction
moves a bone toward the midline of the body(bringing the arms back to the sides)
adduction
moves a limb laterally away from the midline(abduct or carry away)
abduction
moving a part backward(pulling the chin backward)
retraction
moving a part forward(thrusting the chin forward)
protraction
muscles that act to stabilize a body part so that another muscle can act on an adjacent limb or body part
fixator
muscles that assist the agonist
synergists
occurs at the mandible during talking or chewing
lateral deviation
occurs only at the axiel skeleton when the neck or vertebral bends to the side
lateral flexion
occurs when a muscle contracts and the ends of the muscle do not move
isometric
occurs when moving anteriorly(protrude)
protraction
performed by your partner he moves his body while you palpate or observe the movement
active movement
pertains only to the axiel skeleton turning your head and neck occurs as a driver turns to check a car coming
rotation
plantar flexion and dorisflexion refer to movement at which joint?
ankle
possible only at shoulder and hip joints, combination of flexion, extension, adduction and abduction swimming the backstroke is
circumduction
prone to spill the bowl of soup
pronation
raise the shoulders toward the ears
elevation
raising a part(shrugging the shoulders)
elevation
requires both of you to act, your partner attempts to perform an action against your gentle resistance
resisted movement
swings the limb away from the midline
lateral rotation
the act of bending a limb, the position that a limb assumes when it is bent
flexion
the act of straightening a limb, extending the body part
extension
the most stationary attachment of a muscle is
origin
the muscle attachment that creates the action of the structure is
insertion
the muscle or muscles responsible for stabilizing the non moveable part of a joint so other muscles can contract to produce a certain movement(the shoulder joint being held immobile while the biceps are contracting to flex the
fixator(stabolizer)
the opposite of active movement, your partner relaxes while you move his body
passive movement
the opposite of plantar flexion, such as moving the ankle to let off the gas pedal
dorisflexion
the pivoting of a bone on its own axis somewhat as a top turns on its axis
rotation
turning the forearm so as to bring the back of the hand forward, palms down(abduction+eversion)
pronation
turning the hand palm up
supination
turning the palm of the hand downward
pronation
turning the sole of the foot medially
inversion
turns the sole of the foot outward
eversion
turns the sole of the foot inward
inversion
what movement takes place when the radius crosses over the ulna turning the palm down?
pronation
when a joint can extend beyond its normal range of motion its
hyperextension
when an action occurs the muscle that is responsible for a specific movement
prime mover
when an action occurs the muscle that is responsible for the opposite action of the agonist?
antagonist
when discussing the dynamics of the movement of the body the 3 components of motion are
flexion/extension
abduction/adduction
rotation
when the joint rotates medially the limb turns in toward the midline
medial rotation
when your client attempts to perform an action against your gentle resistance this is called
resisted movement
which term describes a posterior movement of the clavicle, head or jaw?
retraction
which term refers to the ankle movement that brings the foot off the gas pedal?
dorisflexion