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What is the most common type of bladder cancer?

Transitional cell carcinoma

What is the most common cause of epididymitis in the following age groups?

Prepubertal boys
Men younger than 35 yoa
Men older than 35 yoa

Coliform bacteria (E.coli)

Chlamydia or Gonorrhea

Coliform bacteria (E.coli)

What does a "blue dot sign" suggest?

Torsion of the epididymis or appendix testis

What is the most common cause of post-infectious glomerulonephritis?

Step Group A, B-hemolytic

A urinary pH of 7.3 is conducive to the formation of what type of stone?

Struvite & phosphate

What is the most common systemic condition associated with impotence?


What is the most common cause of nephrotic syndrome in


Minimal change disease

Idiopathic glomerulonephritis

What is the definition of anuria?

Urine output < 100 ml/day

What is the most common type of prostate cancer?

Acinar adenocarcinoma

What is the most common cause of intrinsic renal failure?

Acute tubular necrosis (resulting from an ischemic injury)

What is the most common causative organism in UTI's?


What is the most common malignant renal tumor in children?

Wilm's tumor

What is the most common cancer in young adult males?

Testicular cancer

What is included in the diagnostic triad associated with nephrotic syndrome?

Edema, hyperlipidemia, proteinuria with hypoproteinemia

A patient born with what disease is more likely to have horseshoe kidneys?

Turner's syndrome

What is the class of antihypertensives that is the drug of choice in a patient with chronic diabetic nephropathy?

ACE Inhibitors

Which type of renal stone isn't visualized on x-ray?

Uric acid

Hemodialysis is generally implemented at what GFR?

10% of normal (normal is 125 ml/min, so 12.5 ml/min)

What are the 2 most common causes of acute renal failure?

Reduced renal perfusion (pre-renal) and acute tubular necrosis

What are the 2 most common causes of chronic renal failure?

Hypertension & DM

What is the likely diagnosis of 10 year old patient with oliguria, tea-colored urine, facial edema, decreased serum complement 3 (C3) levels and Antistreptolysin O (ASO) titer is increased.


What is the diagnostic method used to detect polycystic kidney disease?


What is the most common form of polycystic kidney disease?

Autosomal dominant

What is the likely diagnosis in a 50 year old female presents with HAs, back and flank pain, hematuria, hypertension, and cardiac enlargement. Plain film x-rays show enlarged kidneys.

Polycystic Kidney Disease (Autosomal dominant)

What is the most common type of renal calculi?


What radiopaque stones are more common in females than males?


Renal calculi under what measurement are likely to pass spontaneously?

< 5 mm

To diagnosis nephrotic syndrome, there must be this amount of protein in the urine in 24 hours?

> 3.5 g

What condition should be expected in a patient who is having peritoneal dialysis who presents with abdominal pain/tenderness, fever, and N/V?


What is the most common type of renal malignancy?

Renal cell carcinoma

What is the most common renal tumor of childhood?

Wilm's tumor (nephroblastoma)

What is the treatment for testicular cancer?

Orchiectomy (+/- radiation, chemotx)

What is the term inability to retract the foreskin over the glans penis?


Term for entrapment of the foreskin behind the glans penis?


What is the diagnosis for a patient with a chronic, non-tender testicular mass with a consistency of a "bag of worms?"


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