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20 terms

Grammer terms

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Simile
a figure of speech that expresses a resemblance between things of different kinds (usually formed with 'like' or 'as')
Metaphor
a figure of speech in which an expression is used to refer to something that it does not literally denote in order to suggest a similarity
Personification
representing an abstract quality or idea as a person or creature
Hyperbolye
a deliberate exaggeration, not meant to be taken literally
Ex: These books weigh a ton!
Imgery
The descriptive words and phrases a writer uses to re-create sensory experiences
Syntax
the grammatical arrangement of words in sentences
Diction
the manner in which something is expressed in words
Alliteration
use of the same consonant at the beginning of each stressed syllable in a line of verse
Onomonopia
The use of words or sounds which resemble the sounds they describe. (ex boom, psst)
Irony
incongruity between what might be expected and what actually occurs
Characterization
the act of describing distinctive characteristics or essential features
Climax
the decisive moment in a novel or play
Conflict
opposition in a work of drama or fiction between characters or forces (especially an opposition that motivates the development of the plot)
Resolution
something settled or resolved
theme
a unifying idea that is a recurrent element in a literary or artistic work
foreshadowing
the act of providing vague advance indications
tone
of one's speech, varying the pitch
mood
a characteristic (habitual or relatively temporary) state of feeling
pun
a humorous play on words
idiom
an expression whose meanings cannot be inferred from the meanings of the words that make it up