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The test in which the % of various types of leukocytes in a blood sample is determined is the ___ WBC cell
A substance that can stimulate a primary immune response but is unable to produce the symptoms of a disease is a _____
A newborn infant may have some defense against disgestive and respiratory distubances because of IgA obtained from its mother's____
Cell mediated immunity (aka cellular immune response) is a process whereby__________
T-cells attach themselves directly to antigens and destroy them
Injections of gamma globulin are sometimes given to provide___
artificially acquired passive immunity
All; lack of clotting factor, appears most often in males, can result in large intramusculature meatomas, blood in the urine, and bleeding into joints
Incomplete dominance is defined as
gene pairs occurring in two forms that are expressed differently and neither is dominant to the other
Which of the following is true in regard to the determination of the gender of a baby?
The sex chromosome in the sperm determines the gender of the baby
The presence of the y chromosone in a cell promotes the synthesis of the ____ protein, which results in_____
transcription factor (SRY gene); formation of testes
If an egg cell without an x chromosome is fertilized by an x-bearing sperm cell, this will result in
Tissue fluid is___ and lymph is____
forced out of blood plasma and generally lacking in proteins; absorbed into lymph capillaries and rich in proteins and foreign particles
The form of anemia that is most likely to be caused by overexposure to ionizing radiation is
Erythroblastsosis fetalis is most likely to become a problem in Rh-negative mothers as a
second Rh-positive fetus develops
all; is the largest lymphatic organ, contains numerous phagocytic cells, contains nodules similar to lymphatic nodules
Which of the following would not be possible blood type for a baby of a mother with type ab and father with type b blood?
The primary functions of lymph include
both returning proteins to the bloodstream and transporting foreign particles to the lymph nodes
A lymphatic obstruction can lead to edema by
proteins accumluating and increasing the osmotic pressure of the tissue fluid
If the parent genotypes are Aa and Aa the offspring are expected to be
1/4 (25%) AA, 1/2 (50%) Aa, 1/4 (25%) aa
Prolonged use of certain drugs such as aspirin and ibuprofen may be associated with a tendency to bleed excessively because these drugs inhibit the activity of
As a consequence of starvation or a protein deficient diet, the blood protein concentration
decreases and water accumulates in tissue spaces
An antigen is___ whereas an antibody is____
a foreign substance such as a protein or polysaccharide to which lymphocytes respond; a globular protein that reacts with an antigen to eliminate them
Nondisjunction can result in chromosome disorders due to the fact that
some cells have too many chromosome and others have too few
Biliverdin and bilirubin are pigments that result from a breakdown of RBC's; biliverdin is ____ in color and bilirubin is ____ in color
When is the chromosome number reduced by one-half during gametogenesis?
during the first meitoic division
Which of the following is the same for mature human spermatozoa and ova
the number of chromosomes in the cell
Which of the following are correct concerning granulocytes?
all; larger than RBC, contain granules in the cytoplasm, formed in the red bone marrow
Two major factors that influence the development of individual characteristics are
heredity and environment
X-linked genes are always expressed more frequently in males than in females due to the fact that
there is no allele on y chromosomes
The type of resistance that is acquired as a result of developing the disease is
naturally acquired active immunity
If lymphatic tissue is removed from an axillary region, the arm on that side is likely to
Homologous pairs of chromosomes are
chromosomes from the mother and father that contain similar genetic information
Interferon is a group of hormone-like peptides produced by cells in response to the presence of
Which of the following is not a tissue response associated with inflammation?
Nearby blood vessels become constricted
Leukocytosis is an increase in WBC above 10k per mm2 of blood and can occur
all; during emotional disturbances, following vigorous activity, during acute infections
A positive tuberculin skin test indicates that the person
has been exposed to the mycobacteria that causes TB
The functions of the lymphatic system do not include
transporting hormones to interstitial smooth muscle
Heparin prevents the clotting of blood by
inhibiting the formation of prothrombin activator and the action of thrombin on fribrinogen
Which of the following is the correct sequence for the development of RBC's?
Hemocytoblast, erythroblast, erythrocyte
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