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29 terms

Koepping Test 1

STUDY
PLAY
Purpose of Government
Maintain order (state of nature), Provide Public Goods (free riders), Protect Property
Political Spectrum
Conservatives, Liberals, Libertarians, Radicals
Social Issues
Abortion, school prayer, free speech, criminal rights
Economic Issues
labor rights, environmental laws
Age (influence on public opinion)
if you're younger you'll vote more democratic
Race (infulence on public opinion)
african american-mostly liberal, caucasian-republican
Need for constitutional convention
article of confederation (limitations, motivations for creation, organization adn structure)
Shay's Rebellion
this conflict in Massachusetts caused many to criticize the Articles of Confederation and admit the weak central government was not working; uprising led by Daniel Shays in an effort to prevent courts from foreclosing on the farms of those who could not pay the taxes
Virginia Plan
Virginia delegate James Madison's plan of government, in which states got a number of representatives in Congress based on their population
New Jersey Plan
Opposite of the Virginia Plan, it proposed a single-chamber congress in which each state had one vote. This created a conflict with representation between bigger states, who wanted control befitting their population, and smaller states, who didn't want to be bullied by larger states.
Connecticut Compromise
Compromise agreement by states at the Constitutional Convention for a bicameral legislature with a lower house in which representation would be based on population and an upper house in which each state would have two senators
3/5 Compromise
where slaves counted as 3/5's of a person
Principles of Constitutionalism
limited governemtn, popular sovereignty, checks and balances, separation of powers, judicial review, federalism
Madison's goals for the constitutional convention
something
Why Federalism?
combine's the 50 "countries" into one large united country. Local problems can be better solved by the states, people within the same countries can lead very different legal lives, feds adn anti-feds compromise on powers, economies localized
10th Amendment
powers not given to the United States are given to states or people
Article 1 Section 8
expressed congress powers
Supremacy clause
fedral law and state law buttheads then fed wins
commerce clause
fed can regulate trade among states
general welfare clause
can tax to provide goods to general welfare (roads, etc.)
Full Faith and Credit
judicial acts one state legalizes teh others must accept
Separation of Powers
Judicial, Executive, and Legislative
Judicial
Supreme Court-interprets the law
Executive
President-enforces the law
Legislative
House of Representatives and Senate-writes the law (bicameral)
Succession of the President
Pres, VP, Speaker of the House, President Pro Tempore of the Senate
Organization of Congress
Speaker, majority leader, minority leader, committees
House Seats
census, reapportionment, redistricting (gerrymandering)
President Constitutional Powers
execute laws, negotiate treaties, veto, pardons, commander in chief, chain succession, terms, limits on terms, executive agreements