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Purpose of Government
Maintain order (state of nature), Provide Public Goods (free riders), Protect Property
Need for constitutional convention
article of confederation (limitations, motivations for creation, organization adn structure)
this conflict in Massachusetts caused many to criticize the Articles of Confederation and admit the weak central government was not working; uprising led by Daniel Shays in an effort to prevent courts from foreclosing on the farms of those who could not pay the taxes
Virginia delegate James Madison's plan of government, in which states got a number of representatives in Congress based on their population
New Jersey Plan
Opposite of the Virginia Plan, it proposed a single-chamber congress in which each state had one vote. This created a conflict with representation between bigger states, who wanted control befitting their population, and smaller states, who didn't want to be bullied by larger states.
Compromise agreement by states at the Constitutional Convention for a bicameral legislature with a lower house in which representation would be based on population and an upper house in which each state would have two senators
Principles of Constitutionalism
limited governemtn, popular sovereignty, checks and balances, separation of powers, judicial review, federalism
combine's the 50 "countries" into one large united country. Local problems can be better solved by the states, people within the same countries can lead very different legal lives, feds adn anti-feds compromise on powers, economies localized
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