what would happen as a result to a lesion in the medial hypothalamus?
aggression, hyperphagia (overeating, leading to obesity)
Korsakoffs produces__________. The damage is in the________________.
retrograde and anterograde amnesia, apathy, confabulation
If you mix ________with alchohol, it could be fatal.
anxiolytics (benzo's) diazapaAM, alprazofAM, chlordiazepoxide
Geschwind Galaburda hypothesis
high levels of testosterone predispose individual to dyslexia, childhood allergies, stuttering, L handedness, good R hemisphere (spatial abilities, creative, face recognition, visual imagery)
Adv. of SSRI over tri's
quicker onset, less likely to produce cognitive and anticholinergic side effects
Lesions in the amygdala are associated with
Kluver-Bucy Syndrome (reduced fear and aggression, altered dietary habits, psychic blindness-can't recognize the significance objects or situations)
meds for nicotine dependence and smoking cessation
buproprion, varenicline, nicotine replacement interventions
damage to right postcentral gyrus can result in
Where is the postcentral gyrus?
numbness in the left hand and contralteral neglect, which includes the left visual field
What is the function of the cingulate gyrus?
acts as a satisfaction center and mediates the feelings of satisfaction that follow eating and sex
EMG Biofeedback is useful in treating _______headaches. Thermal biofeedback is useful for__________headaches.
Symptoms of morphine withdrawal
vomit, nausea, diarrhea, cramping, running nose and eyes, insomnia
Damage to the right frontal lobe causes
jocularity (habitually jolly)
The right hemisphere mediates _______ emotions and damage can cause_________.
indifference, apathy, undue cheerfulness
side effect of _____.
inability to sit sit still, constant pacing, restlessness
side effect of
imperfect articulation of speech (PROBLEMS WITH THE MUSCLES THAT MAKE YOU TALK, DIFFICULT TO PRODUCE WORDS)
side effect of
complete or almost complete loss of movement
transcortical aphasia is distinguished from the other types of aphasia because
you can repeat words, phrases, or sentences
bilateral destruction of the hippo, amygdala, and medial temporal lobes produces what?
severe, permanent anterograde amnesia
probability of a parent with Huntington's passing the disorder to an offspring is ________% Why??
Because it is a dominant, autosomal disorder
brain areas associated with declarative memory
temporal lobe and hippocampus
also diencephalon, peripheral cortex, amygdala, cortex
A stroke here would limit basic primal drives or may make patients lose their natural inhibitions
limbic system--responsible for primal urges and emotions that ensure self-preservation such as hunger, rage, and sexual desire
code and relay info associated with the control of voluntary movement and play a role in motor learning, motoric expressions of emotions, and sensorimotor functioning
symptoms of Huntingtons
chorea (irregular, rapid, uncontrolled, involuntary, excessive movement)
athetosis (condition in which there is a constant succession of slow, writhing, involuntary movements of flexion, extension, pronation, and supination of the fingers)
Parkinsons is caused by
not enough dopamine, so you increase dopamine; also excessive ACH, you could block the effects of ACH (Increase dopamine, reduce ACH)
involved in hunger and thirst, sex, sleep, body temperature, movement, emotional reactions
regulates the body's homeostasis (temp., fluid and electrolyte balance, weight, blood pressure)
translates emotions into physical response such as racing heart and shallow breathing
contains the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) which controls the body's circadian rhythms (sleep/wake cycle)
Function of GABA
associated with eating, sleep, anxiety, and seizure disorders
Pseudodepression and Pseudopsychopathy
damage to the frontal lobe
Pseudo-depression-apathy, lack of drive, little verbal output, inability to plan and focus attention
Pseudo-psychopathy-sexual disinhibition, coarse language, peculiar and facetious sense of humor, inappropriate social behavior, lack of concern for others
tri antidepressant assoc with:
tx of ADHD
decreasing the desire to binge and purge
can't mix an MAOI with what foods?
foods with tyramine beer, wine, aged cheese, soy, some nuts, avacado, tomato, packaged soup
measures impulses in the muscles and indicated degree of relaxation/tension (for stress, headaches, chronic pain, muscle stiffness, healing muscles, incontinence, urinary urgency)
info on brainwave activity and patterns
(for adhd, depression, epilepsy, reduce impulsivity, promote recovery, head injury, and strokes)
associated with anxiety, mood, eating, sleep, arousal, temperature regulation, aggression, modulation of pain and headaches
regulates voluntary movement, learning, memory, mediates sexual behavior, REM sleep, and the sleep-wake cycle
sensation of tingling, prickling
"feelings of pins and needles" or a limb "falling asleep"
Prefrontal is responsible for what types of memory
The midbrain contains the RAS. What is the RAS responsible for?
plays a role in sleep and wakefulness
sensation of pain and touch
control of reflexes
Glutamate is a neurotransmitter responsible for
cognitive abililites(learning, memory) which are correlated with alchol abuse
can't draw pictures
can't copy simple figues
can't arrange blocks in a pattern
cannot carry out a command to perform a particular movement (e.g., blow out a candle)
damage to the orbiofronal cortex results in
The orbitifrontal is part of the
prefrontal cortex (the prefrontal cortex is associated with emotions!)
parietal lobe functions
somatosensory cortex (mediates pain, pressure, temperature, taste, proprioception) spatial relationships, ability to perform complex purposeful movement
two disorders associated with the malfunctioning of the pancreas
diabetes mellitus (pancreas fails to secret insulin)
hypoglycemia (pancreas over secretes insulin)
aphasia characterized by impaired ability to recall words or names (problem with word finding)