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45 terms

India

STUDY
PLAY
Brahmaputra
used for travel
Ganges
has religious importance
Indus
one of the oldest rivers in the world
Kashmir
area India and Pakistan fight over. Cashmere comes from here
Climate
very warm
Oil
limited resource
Hindi
most common language in India, though only about 30% speak it
Hinduism
a religion that involves reincarnation
Brahman
main central god in Hinduism, all others are part of it
Atman
essential self, soul
Monsoon
seasonal wind, rainy season and dry season
Moksha
when your soul unites with Brahman
Reincarnation
coming back in the next life in a different body
Karma
what goes around comes around
Dharma
rules of the caste system
Caste system
preordained social classes that you were born into
Buddhism
religion the believes in Karma, reincarnation, and nirvana
Siddhartha Gautama
founder of Buddhism
Four noble truths
everyone suffers, suffering is caused by desire, one way to crush suffering is to end desire, only way to do this is to reach nirvana
Eightfold path
8 ways to avoid desire
Thervada
respect Buddha as a teacher but not god
Mahayana
worship Buddha as a god
Dalai Lama
spiritual leader of Buddhism
Tibet
center of Buddhism. 1959 China occupied it
Aryans
ancient civilization that settled around the Indus river
Nirvana
the condition of wanting nothing
East India trading company
trading company started by British to trade in India
Robert Clive
led British to fight the French over trading rights in India
Queen Victoria
became empress of India
Sepoys
Indian troops in British army
Sepoy rebellion
Sepoys rebelled and were crushed, pig and cow fat on guns was final straw
Colonization of India
by English, it began with trading
INC
Indian national congress
Ali Jinah
founder of Pakistan
Gandhi
leader of Indian independence movement
Civil disobedience
refusal to obey unjust laws
Ahismisa
Hindi word for nonviolence
Satyagraha
truth force
Amristar massacre
peaceful protest that British broke up violently
Salt March
Gandhi's 240 mile march to protest the fact that they can't sell salt, they marched to the sea and made salt
Gandhi's death
killed by Hindu extremest
Indian Independence
1947
Convert the Wrongdoer
if they could win over the emotions of the British then they wouldn't come back
Sikh
monotheistic belief, combination of Hinduism and Islam
Jainism
religion believes in never harming a living thing