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Chapter 13-14: Middle Ages Study Guide Vocab
Terms in this set (49)
The organizing principle of rural economy.
To suspend or limit membership in a religious community.
The medieval Knight system with its religious, moral, and social code.
A term used to distinguish worldly life and power from the spiritual realm.
King of the franks who united most of western Europe.
Where nobles had land for military services, peasants worked for lords, and kings were the top.
A man who served a lord as a soldier.
An agricultural laborer band under the feudal system to work on his lord's estate.
A person who got land from a lord in exchange for military support.
Land given to a vassal in return for a military student.
A unit of land armed for a lord.
The amount of money people were supposed to give to the church.
Crucial people that were known for their boats and fighting.
Philosophy and theology that flourished among christian thinkers.
A law that way laid down by papal pronouncements.
A christian that has law inheritance and significance.
Holy Roman Empire
A complex amount of territories brought together by Charlemagne.
A medieval association of craftsmen or merchants.
The part of Medieval society that consisted of mostly merchants, tradesman, and artesans
Joan of Arc
A french Christian military reader of the 16th century.
A series of military campaigns sanctioned by various popes.
A series of military campaigns that tried to take land from the muslims.
A court established by the Roman Catholic Church.
A piece of uncultivated land.
A language created in the middle age times.
A philosopher and lived during the middle ages.
Traditional Assembly with representatives of 3 estates.
The highest legislative authority in Britain.
A system of farming used to get more crops.
A government used to unite the King's power.
100 years' War
A war between France and England for the French Throne.
English law that derived from custom and judicial precedent benefits.
A person that doesn't believe in the christian beliefs.
This killed nearly all of the european people during the middle age.
The Great Schism
The division between the French and english armies,
Charles the Great, The Frankish King under whom Germanic power, the church, and the Roman heritage were united.
In feudalism, the person who received land from a lord in exchange for military protection or other services.
Religious officials, including the medieval bishops and priests under the pope's authority.
Holy Roman Empire
The German-Italian Empire of Otto the Great; the strongest state in Europe from about 962 to about 1100.
The medieval period in Europe (about 500-1500). Characterized by small kingdoms and church influence.
The Germanic people who created an empire in Gaul; their first leader, Clovis, introduced Christianity.
The ruling dynasty of the Franks (751-987), beginning with the rule of Pepin the Short.
The male landowner in the feudal system in the Middle Ages.
Reason that The Hundred Years War Was Happening.
Because they both wanted succession to the French Throne.
The end result of the Hundred Years' War.
The french Rallied and drove the english out of France entirely, except for the port city of Calais.
Who was Thomas Aquinas and what was he trying to reconcile?
He Wrote "Summa Theologica" and he was trying to reconcile the seperate streams of philosophy and theology.
What Muslim Power ruled lands close to the christian city of Constantinople?
The seljuk Turks.
Which Crusade didn't make it to Jerusalem? Where did this crusade end?
The fourth Crusade and ended in Constantinople.
What was the purpose of the Crusades?
To gain control of the holy land, and the purpose of the people for the land.
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