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35 terms

India Terms

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Karnatic Music
Southern Region, reference Tyagaraja a saint and musician. Unlike Tansen, Tygara refused government position. Kriti is a type of their music, vocals are important.
Hindustani Music
Northern Region, Improv.. Gharanas derive their legitimacy from Tansen. "art music".
Tansen
Hindustani founder. court musician who needed to illustrate his professionalism in order to escape charges of emotive and sensual musical
Tyagaraja
A saint and Musician. for Karnatic musicians, not associated with any court, not bound by anything other than his bhakti or devotion to Rama. As such he didn't need to protect his musical creations but rather shared them freely.
Gharana
A school of professional musicians who originally traced their heritage to a family tradition
Raga
A scale with musical characters such as pitch, ascending, descending
Svara
pitches
Vakra
crooked ragas, starting in 1 place and moving
Gamaka
Ornamenttion that notes may carry
Sargam
a organization system helping people to learn rags
Svarkalapana
Improvised singing in carnatic
Eduppu. Mukhra
distinctive phrases that call attention to the character of the raga
Tihai
A pre composed phrase said 3 times to add emphasis
Laya
tempo
Drut
Fast Tempo
Vilambit
Slow Tempo
Tala
Meterical system of rythm used in both karantic and hindustani music
Jati
metrical cycles with beats
Bol
Hindustani rythmic syllable
Solkattu/ Konnakol
vocal rhythmic system to help people remember, combining simple combos. comprised of monosyllabic words
Bhajan
A Carnatic devotional Song
Kriti
The major Carnatic music (South). In 3 parts pallavi, anupallavi, caranam.
Alapanam
An improv performed before the Kriti, demonstrates abilities. Also introduces the raga
Pallavi
Opening of the ragam, chorus
Anupallavi
the extension of the chorus, exploring other octives...
Caranam
is an off-shoot of the anupallavi and is often very virtuosic in terms of the improvisatory gestures that get incorporated into its performance.
alap
Raga improvisation in free rythm. Explores the range of the raga
gat
a precomposed piece in a raga, often virtuosic and fast
dhrupad and khyal
two most respected forms of
vocal performance
ghazal
more modern vocal music
Jor
Section of Hindustani instrumental performance that follows alap and introduces pulse
jhala
The concluding section of instrumental improv following Jor in Hindustani music with lively and fast movements
Vina
Karntic 4 string instrument
Mridangam
Karnatic Double Headed Drum
Bansuri
Flute used in Hindustani and Karnatic Music