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181 terms

Barron's Essential Words for the GRE Latin Root Words

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Ab/Abs - Absens
From, away, off
Acer/Acid/Acri - Asidus
Harsh, bitter, sour
Act/Ag - Ago
Drive, do, lead, act, move
Acu - Acuo
Sharp, to sharpen
Ad
To, toward
Aev, Ev - Aevum
Age, era
Agr - Ager
Field
Ali - Alienus
Another
Alim- Alimonium
Support, nourish, cherish
Alter
Other
Alt - Altus
High, deep
Am - Amo, Amor
Love, liking
Amb/Ambul - Ambulo
To go, to walk
Ambi - Ambiguitas
Around, on both sides
Anim- Animus
Life, breath, spirit
Annu/Anni/Enni - Annus
Yearly
Ant/Ante
Before
Antiqu - Antiquus
Old, ancient
Appell -Appellare
Name, to call upon
Apt/ept - Apto
Skill, ability, suitable, competent
Aqu/Aqua
Water
Arm/arma
Weapons
Art
Art
Aud/Audi/Aud - Audio, Audax, Audacia
Listen, hear, bold, daring, courageous
Aug/Aux - Augmen, Auxilium
Increase, help, assist
Bel/Bell - Bellum
War, to wage war, warrior
Ben/Bon - Beneficium
Well, good, favorable
Bi- Biceps
Two, twice, double
Brev - Brevis
Short
Cap/capt/cept/cip - Capto
Hold, seize, take
Cap, Capit - Captus
Head
Card/Cord
Heart/ harmonious
Carn - Carnifex
Flesh, body
Ced/ceed/cess - cedo
to hand over, surrender, yield, move, go
Celer - celero
Swift
Centr
Center
Cent - Centum
Hundred
Cern - cerno
to distinguish, perceive
Cert- Certus
Certain, fixed
Cid/Cis
Cut, kill
Circu/circum- Circumspect
Around
Cit/Citat - Cito
To summon, call forward, call, start
Civi - Civis
Citizen
Clam/claim - clamor
To call out, shout
Clemen - Clemens
Gentle, kind, mild, merciful
Claud/claus - Claudo
To shut, close
Cli/Clin/Cliv - Clinatus
Leaning, inclined, sloped
Co/Col/Com/Con/Cor - Compactum
Agreement, joining together, with
Cod - Codex
Wood, book, paper is made from wood
Cogni/Gno - Cognitio
Getting to know, learn, know
Contra/Contro -
Opposite, against
Corp - Corpus
Body
Cracy/Crat
government, rule, strength
Crea - creator
Bring forth, create
Credo
believe, trust
Cre/cresc/cret/cru - Accresco
to grow, rise
Cour/cur - Curro
to run, course
Cur/cura - curo
to care for, pay attention to
De
down from, away, against, thoroughly
Dei, Div - Divinitas
God, godlike, divine
Demi
Partly
Dic/Dict - Dicto
to say, speak, pronounce
Dif/Dis - Differo
to differ, to carry in different directions, apart, away, not
Don - Dono
to give as a gift, give
Doc/Doct- Doctor
Teacher, teach, prove
Dom/Domin - Dominus
master of the house, master, lord
Drom - Dormito
to be sleepy, sleep
Duc/Duct - Ducto
to lead, pull
Dupl - Duplico
to double, two
Dur - duro
to make hard/handy, lasting
E/ex
Apart, above, away, beyond, from, out
Ego
I, self
Equ -
Equal
Err - erro
to stray, to be mistaken, wander, mistake
Extra/extro
Besides, beyond, outside of, more
Fac/fic/fec - Facio
to make, to do,
Fall/fals - Fallo
to deceive, deceptive, false, erroneous
Fed
League, pact
Fer - Ferax
Fruitful, bear, carry
Fid - Fido
to confide in, faith, trust
Fin - Finite
end, finish
Flect/flex - Flecto
to alter the shape of, bend, twist
Flu/fluct/flux - Fluctus
Streaming, flowing
Fort - Fortitudo, Fortuna
Brave, strong, chance
Frac/Frag -Fractus
Break
Frat- Frater
brother
Func - Functio
Perform, discharge
Gen - Genus
Birth, decent, origin, class, race, generate
Gloss/Glot
Language, tongue
Grad/Gress - Gradus
a step
Grat -Gratis
thanks, pleasing
Grav/Griev - Gravitas
serious, heavy, harmful
Greg - Gregarious
Of a heard, a private soldier, flock
Herb - Herba
Vegitation
Hom/homo/human
Human being, man, humanity
Ig/il/im/in/ir
Not, without
In
in, upon, on, not
Inter
Among, between, within, mutual
Intra/intro
into, inward, within
Jac/ ject/ject
Throw, fling
Jur/jus/jud
swear, law, judge, just
Lect/leg/lig - Legio, Lego
a choosing, read
Leg - Legitimus
Law
Lev - Levis
light
Liber
Free
Librar/libr - Libraria
library, book
Liter
Letter
Loc/log/loqu - Loquax
talkative, work, speak
Luc/lum/lus - Lumen
light
Lud - Ludo
to play, game
Macro
Large, long
Magn - Magnificus
Great
Mal - Male
bad
Man - Manus
hand
Mand- Mandatum
to order
Mar/Mari - Mare
Sea
Mater/Matr
Mother
Min - Minimus
small
Miss/Mit - Mito/Missum
to send, move
Mob/Mot/Mov - Mobilis
Move, moveable
Mon/Monit - Moneo
to warn, remind
Mori/Mort - Mortuus
death
Multi
multiple, many
Mut - Muto
to shift, change
Nas/Nat - Naturalis
natural, birth, be from, spring from
Nav- navis/navigo
ship, to sail
Nec/nic/noc/nox- Neco
to kill, death, harm
Neg- nego
to say no
Neut/Neutr
Not either, neutral
Noct/Nox - Noctis
sleep, darkness, night
Nom/nomen/nym
Name
Non
Not
Nov - Novo/Novis
to make new, new
Num- Numero
to count
Ob/oc/of/op
Against
Omni -Omnis
All, every part
Oper - Operor
to work, labor, be busy
Opti/opto
eye, vision
Ortho
straight, correct
Os/oss/ost/osteo- Osseus
bony, bone
Pac- Pax
Peace
Par
Equal
Pater/Patr
Father
Pel/Puls - Pulsus
To influence, drive, urge
Per
Through, completely
Pet - Peto, Petit
To seek, request, assail
Pict - Pictura
The art of painting, paint
Plac- Placeo
To please
Pon/Pos
Put, place
Popul - Populus
people, the people
Port - Porto
To carry, gate
Post
After
Pre
Before, earlier
Prehend/ Prehens
Seize, grasp
Prim
Before, first
Pro
In favor of
Pub - Publico
to make public, the public
Punct - Punctim
stabbing, to point, to prick
Put/Putat- Puto
to think, ponder, to calculate
Quer/ques/quir/quis
Ask, seek
Re
back again, repeat
Rect - Rectus
Upright, straight
Rect/Reg/ Regn - Rex/Regina
King, Kingdom, to rule, to govern
Retro
backward
Rid/Ris - Rideo
To laugh
Rog/Rogat - Rogare
To ask
Sacr/Sanct
Sacred, holy
Sci - Scio
To know, to understand
Scrib/Scrip
To write
Se - Sector
away, apart
Sec/sect/segm
To cut
Secu/Sequ - Sequor
To follow
Semi
half, partly
Sens/Sent - Sensus
To feel, be aware
Sol
sun
Solv/solu - Solvo
To loosen, Free, dissolve
Somn- Somnus, Somnio
sleepy, to dream
Spec/Spect/Spic - Specto
To look at, see
Spir - Spiro, spiritus
to breathe, energy, animation
Strict/string - Stringo, strictus
To draw tightly together, tight
Struct - structura
the act of building, to build