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magistrate in charge of games, markets or buildings


Town of First Punic War battle, 261 BC. disputed by romans & carthaginians, captured by rome


where Cicero was born

C. Antonius Hybrida

was consul with Cicero; led an army against Catiline's forces

C. Gracchus

"_____ was killed because of certain suspicions of uprising"

Julius Caesar

Part of the first triumvirate who eventually became "emperor for life". Chose not to conquer Germany. Was assassinated by fellow senators in 44 B.C.E.


corrupt ex-governor of Sicily who was prosecuted by Cicero and went into voluntary exile


cicero was proconsul in


Cicero proved he was at the rights of Bona dea, destroyed alibi, so he hated him. Revived an old law, banishing Cicero

Cn. Pompeius Magnus

member of the 1st Triumvirate; after Crassus died the senate gave Pompey power to get rid of Caesar. Caesar won and assassinated Pompey in Egypt.


In the Roman republic, one of the two powerful officials elected each year to command the army and direct the government. highest in cursus honorum

L. S. Catilina

wanted to assassinate Cicero to overthrow govrnment & seize power by force

M. Antonius

Caesar's second in command. Served with Caesar during the Gallic/Civil Wars. When Caesar is killed, supporters (soldiers) go over to him. Becomes very powerful very quickly

M T Cicero

Roman orator who verbally condemned Catiline.

Novus Homo

new man- one whose ancestors had not been consul- they had to develop their own relationships in the senate

Pater Patriae

father of his country, title awarded to Cicero. Bestowed by senate for deeds for country


an annually elected magistrate (judge) of the ancient Roman Republic


Roman magistrate, former praetor in charge of a province


any of several public officials of ancient Rome, usually in charge of finance and administration. first step in cursus honorum

Senatus consultum Ultimum

decree of Senate, death warrant for Senate to approve an assassination without due process


ae, f, Sicily

Suo Anno

To gain an office at the youngest age possible

Templum Iupiter Stator

A temple of Jupiter standing in rome, built in 146 BC. It was where cicero held many of his meetings during the second catelinian conspiracy, as it was easy to defend and Cicero was fearful of an attack or an attempt on either his life or the lives of the senators.

T.I. Gracchus

"Indeed a most distinguished man, Publius Scipio, pontifex maximus, as a private man kill _________ who weakened the affairs of the state moderately"

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