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Residential schools

Institutions that were part of the assimilative policies that the Canadian government directed at aboriginal peoples from the 1880s onward.

Pacific scandal

John A. macdonald offers railroad contract to Hugh Allen and American J-Cook in return for money for the campaign.

Head tax

In 1885, the federal government imposed this (worth $50) on each Chinese person immigrating to Canada. In 1903, the amount was raised to $500 per head. The tax was replaced in 1923 by the Chinese Exclusion Act.


Railroad that connected B.C. with the rest of Canada

National policy

Foreign and domestic policy designed to protect the nation's independence and political and economic integrity; policy that is concerned with the safety and defense of the nation.


large Pacific salmon valued as food

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