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Rocket Science Study Set
Terms in this set (39)
A machine that uses escaping gas to move is a(n)
reach outer space
Tsiolkovsky proved-in theory- that rockets could generate enough force to
Launched the first successful liquid fuel rocket
In 1926, American physicist Robert Goddard
Von Braun and his research team surrendered to the Americans near the end of WWII, giving the United States the best German rocket scientists
Why did U.S. rocket research boom in the 1950's?
In response to Soviet advances in space
Why did the U.S. government form NASA?
National Aeronautics and Space Administration
What do the letters NASA stand for?
Newton's third law of motion
The law that states that for every action there is an equal and opposite reaction
Push or pull force exerted by a rocket engine (the force that accelerates a rocket)
There is little or no oxygen in space, and oxygen is needed to burn fuel
Why do rockets need to carry oxygen into space?
The speed and direction a rocket must travel to orbit a planet or moon is
It will travel beyond Earth's orbit
What will a rocket do if it reaches escape velocity?
Any human-made object placed in orbit around a body in space, such as Earth
What is an artificial satellite?
Changes in the environment are monitored by
for 57 days
The first artificial satellite, Sputnik l, orbited
In 1958, the United States launched its first satellite,
low Earth orbit (LEO)
It is possible to photograph objects as small as a book from
Global Positioning System (GPS) receiver
People can find out their exact location on Earth by using a
An uncrewed vehicle that carries scientific instruments to planets or other bodies in space is called a(n)
The first space probe to fly past the moon
The first space probe to make a soft landing on the moon
The United States probe that discovered that moon craters may contain water
The probe that confirmed that ice exists on the moon
Venus has a severe greenhouse effect
What very important fact did Venera 9 and earlier missions reveal about Venus?
One of the main goals of the __________ missions was to look for signs of life on Mars.
Soviet cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin was the first person to __________________
the space race
Americans were concerned that the Soviets were winning
land a man on the moon
In 1961, President Kennedy announced that before the decade was over, Americans would
American in orbit
John Glenn was the first
landed on the moon
On July 20, 1969, the Apollo 11 landing module, the Eagle,
Who was the first human to set foot on the moon?
What did Apollo 11 return to Earth?
The first space shuttle was called the ______________
A long-term orbiting platform is called a(n)
The first space station
Space station where three different crews worked in a science and engineering lab
International Space Station
A space station being constructed by 16 countries
By bringing space resources to Earth, and it would be a good base for exploring the rest of the solar system
How could a base or colony on the moon be used to help people on Earth?
It has expanded our scientific knowledge and resulted in life-saving technologies such as, artificial heart pumps
What have been two benefits of space exploration?
Technologies developed for space programs but now used in everyday life are called
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