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THE -ism's OF ART
Terms in this set (108)
An art style that exists with certain independence. It is not pinned down by the perspective, or the normal logic of visual art. It indicates a departure from reality. Artist: Delaunay
Commonly known as Outsider Art, this art style was coined by Jean Dubuffet to describe art created outside the boundary of official culture, such as art by Insane-Asylum inmates and children. Artist: Dubuffet
A post WWII American art movement. It's epicenter is in New York City. The style was first recognized by Robert Coates.It focuses on spontaneous and subconscious painting, with irregular factors going into the painting. Artists: Barr, Kandinsky, Pollock
Coined by Barbra Rose, this artistic movement came into being in the mid 1970's USA. Characteristics include hard-edge painting and expressionistic painting of shadows to achieve its namesake creation of 3D. Artists: Harvard, Lembeck.
A style of painting and sculpture produced under European scholarly artists. Influenced by the french standards of Neoclassicism/Romanticism, which are predecessors to this art movement. Artists: Bourguereau, Couture, Markat.
Also called Gestural Abstraction, this is a style of painting in which the art medium is spontaneously dribbled, splashed, or smeared onto the canvas, rather than be carefully applied. Artist: Pollock
Another name for Action Painting
An art movement promoting its namesake values, over social-political themes for literature, fine art, music, and other arts. Prominent in Europe, it was related to other styles such as symbolism or decadence. Artist: Bloom.
American Barbizon School
This school of art was a group of painters influenced by it's french counterpart, noted for it's simple pastoral scenes painted directly from nature. They focused on painting rural landscaped including peasants or Farm Animals. Reached maximum popularity in the 1890's. Artists: Hunt, Millet.
An American style of painting relating to its European Namesake style, characterized by its loose brushwork and very vivid colors. You would know a painting when you see one. Artists: Benson, Chase, Tarbell.
An early 20th century American art style, this movement focused on the contemporary view of what was going on at the time, in a realistic manner. Artists: Cassatt, Eakins, Chase, Weir, and Whistler.
American Scene Painting
A naturalist style of art in the 1920-1950's in the USA, also known as Regionalism. Rejecting the modern trends, this post WWI art style decided to adopt academic realism in depicting urban and rural scenes. Artists: Benton, Wood, Cox, Curry.
Commonly known as Universal Flowering, or "Mirovoi Rastsvet" This art style rose around Cubo-Futurist experiments by Pavel Filonov.
A group of Australian modern artists who asserted the important of figurative art, and protested against abstract expressionism.
A term used to describe any position involving either the denial of an objective reality.
A term in European art, including Byzantine art, a decretive motif comprising of a flowering and voluted figure
Arbeitsrat für Kunst
German for Workers Council for Art, this union of Architects, painters, sculptures, and artists and art writers based in Berlin. Developed the goal of brining current art to the public.
An influential visual arts design style which first appeared in France post WWI. It's an eclectic style that combines motif's with Machine Age imagery. Characterized by rich colors, bold geometric shapes, and lavish ornamentation.
A french style of abstract painting popular in the mid 1900's, considered the European equivalent to abstract expressionism.
A style of art popular during the late 1800-s to early 1900's. French for New Art. Inspired by natural art, flowers, curved lines and plants.
Literally "Poor Art" is a modern art movement. Taking place in Italy, this movement was coined by the critic Germano Celant. Artists took a radical stance on their art.
Arts and Crafts Movement
An international design movement that flourished from 1860 to the early 1900's. Led by William Morris, this movement developed in the British Isles, helping improve the decorative arts, in the way they looked and were produced.
Ashcan School (Ash Can School)
An early 20th century American art movement known for portraying New York's daily life, often in the city's poorer neighborhoods.
An artistic process in making 3 or 2 dimensional artworks by putting together found objects. Collages of paint, metal, pencil, trash, styles, strings, and many other things were common.
A group of artists from Quebec, Canada. Influenced by Surrealism and its namesake theory, this school was given its term by the Journalist Tancrède Marcil Jr.
This school of painters were a part of an art movement towards Realism. It takes its name from a French Village, near the Forest of Fontainebleau. Prominent features of the school include loose brushwork, soft forms, and tonal qualities.
A period of artistic style using exaggerated motion and easily interpreted detail to produce drama, tension, exuberance, and grandeur. It began around 1600.
A school in Germany, combing crafts and fine arts, famous for its design that it taught. Operating from 1919 to 1933, its name literally means "house of construction"
A late 20th century artistic movement that places high value on skill and beauty, combining elements of neoclassicism and realism.
An abstract painting style that emerged in New York City during the 1940's and 50's. Inspired by European Modernism and closely related to Abstract Expressionism, this art movement is characterized by large areas of flat, solid color.
Any art in which computers are involved in the making, production, or display of the artwork. Videos, animations, or websites are examples of this.
An Abstractionist movement in the 1930's from the work of De Stijl, Futurism, and Kandinsky. This art form is free of symbolism association with reality.
Art which the concepts or ideas take place over aesthetic and material concerns.
An artistic movement origination in Russia in 1919 which rejected autonomous art, and used art instead for social purposes.
An early 20th century Avant-Garde movement that analyzes individual pieces and disassembles them, and pieces them back together. The objects are viewed from more than one viewpoint at the same time
An art movement Avant-Garde in the 20th century born out of the reaction of people from WW1 and the works of Voltaire.
The name of a circle of painters of the first third of the 16th century in Bavaria and Austria (along its namesake valley)
Dau al Set
The first post WWII artistic movement in Catalonia, founded in Barcelona in 1948 by Brossa. Avant-Garde, this art movement had connections to Surrealism and Dadaism.
A development of post-modern architecture in the late 1980's, influenced by its namesake theory, a form of semiotic analysis. Characterized by Fragmentation and non-rectiliniar shapes, distorting the shape of the building.
A generel term for a range of artistic works and practices that use technology as an essential part as the creative process or presentation of the artwork. Been around since about the 1970's.
A modernist movement in painting, presenting the world from a subjective perspective, distorting it radically to evoke emotional effect, moods, or ideas.
A group of artists in Vienna, emphasizing the techniques of the Old Masters, giving the painters a grounding in Realism.
French for Wild Beasts, a this is a loose group op early twentieth century Modern artists, emphasizing painterly qualities and strong color over realistic values. This began in 1900 and lasted about 15 years.
A term describing artwork clearly derived from a real object, and therefore is representational. This is often in contrast to abstract art.
A french art movement of the 1980's. It's the french equivalent of Neo-Expressionism, literally translated as Free Style.
Art produced from and indigenous culture or peasants or other laboring tradespeople. Primarlily Utilitarian and decorative, this art is characterized by a naive style.
Derived from the latin word meaning Flow, this international network artists, composers, and designers noted for blending different artistic media in the 1960's.
An artistic and social movement that originated in Italy in the early 20th century that emphasized its namesake concept, like speed, technology, youth, and objects like the car, airplane, and industrial city.
A form of abstract art based on the use of Geometric Forms commonly placed in non-illusionistic space, and combined into non-objective compositions. It relies on the popular belief of Two Dimensional objects are a good art medium.
Also known as Street Art, this is a type of art created in public locations, usually unsanctioned. Booming in the 1980's, this art was given many names like Urban Art and Guerrilla Art. Often made on public buildings and locations, and sometimes even called out for vandalism.
Meaning Embodiment, this radical post-war group founded by Jiro Yoshihara, this group was involved in many Large-Scale multimedia environment, performances, and theatrical events. It was founded in 1954.
A style of Medieval art that developed in Northern France in 12th century. The pieces of art were often on the walls of Cathedrals and Abbeys, using stained glass, fresco, and illuminated manuscripts.
A cultural movement in the 1920's, also known as the New Negro Movement. It included new african american cultural expressions across the northeast urban areas, centered in its namesake New York Neighborhood. It's ideas inspired many african americans for decades after.
An Australian art movement of the late 19th century, also known as Australian Impressionism. This art school covered artists who painted plain-air in the impressionist tradition, who were inspired by the beautiful landscapes of the Yarra and the unique light that typifies the Australian Bush.
Hudson River School
A mid 19th century American Art Movement embodied by a group of landscape painters influenced by Romanticism. The paintings included the namesake valley, and surrounding area, including the Catskill and White Mountins.
A cultural artistic movement characterized by antithetical approaches. It has come to have some aspects of modernism filtered through the latest technological materials and approaches to design.
A genre of painting and sculpture resampling a high resolution photograph, that has been primarily developed since the early 2000's.
A 19th century art movement that originated in Paris, its name first appearing in "Le Charivari" Characteristics include small thin, yet visible brush strokes, emphasis on accurate depiction of light and its qualities, ordinary subject matter, and the inclusion of human perception at unusual angles.
A phase of Gothic art developed in France and Northern Italy in the late 14th and 15th century. Artist traveled widely around the continent , creating a common aesthetic among royalty, similarizing the art found across palaces.
International Typographic Style
Also known as Swiss Style, its a graphic design style developed in Switzerland that emphasizes cleanliness, readability, and objectivity. The use of sans-serif and flush left, ragged right text are prominent.
A group of post-impressionist avant-garde artists who used full color painting to portray their ideas, characterized by broad surfaces of flat color or patterns
A french avant garde movement in the 1940's, this group applied all of their theroys of art and cultures into poetry, film, painting, and political theory.
An underground visual art movement that arose in California in the late 1970's, with roots in underground comix, punk music, and hot rod cultures of the street.
A type of abstract painting related to abstract expressionism, since about the 1940's It has no real characteristics, more of a period of Abstract Expressionism than its own art movement.
A genre where magical elements are a natural part in a mundane, realistic environment. Although most commonly used as a literary genre, it applies to visual arts as well.
A period in European art emerging in the later periods of the High Renaissance around 1520 influenced by harmonious ideas. Notable for intellectual sophistication as well as its compositional tension.
This portmanteau art movement described a postmodern artist trend, that mix the styles of surrealism and mass media, including pop art.
A term used in the arts that is used to explain a movement or trend, including all branches and factors, under one umbrella word, such as expressionism.
This style of painting flourished around 1915, in the works of Italian artists. It includes dream like works and sharp light and dark contrast, with a vaguely threatening or mysterious quality.
This Japanese Folk Art movement developed around 1930, and encompasses such works as art that is inexpensive, used by the masses, anonymous, and functional in daily life.
This art movement is associated with the mid 1960's. It is often interpreted as a reaction against abstract expressionism. It comes from the word meaning "stripped to its bare essentials".
This Art Movement arose in Western Society in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. It began from those who thought the principals of society, such as art, architecture, faith, social organization, and activities, were becoming outdated, and wanted a radical change.
A style of sculpture that emerged in the 1950's and 60's. It includes sculptures that were carefully deigned to be intricate and infinite patterns of repition, almost like a mobile.
A classification of art that is characterized by childlike simplicity, both in matter and technique. Not to be confused with some Modernist styles, this art movement is often seen as outsider art.
The name of this art term is given to Western Movements, that draw inspiration from the art and architecture of ancient Greece and Rome, or even Ancient Egypt. It competed with Romanticism in the 19th century as a leading art movement.
A minor art movement that has similarities to its namesake art movement. It revived the elements of this movement, such as the post WWI feelings and works of Voltaire.
This modern art movement emerged in the 1970's, and dominated the market until 1990. It was inspired by its namesake art movement, with rough and violent manners in an emotional way using vivid colors and banal color harmonies.
A play on words, this really isn't a art movement, but more of a term to define certain art movements. It literally means "The style of In the Style".
A Russian Art Movement that describes a new style of modern painting which fuses elements of Cubism and Futurism with traditional Russian Folk Art.
Also called internet art, this is a form of digital artwork that is distributed via the internet. It normally includes interaction with the art.
A term used to describe German public life's attitude towards art, music, and architecture, and adapted to it,
An Art movement that was based in Washington, peaking at the 1930's and 1940's.
An art movement that makes use of optical illusions. Always abstract, works in this style uses hidden images, swelling, warping, or patterns of images.
Also called its name sake cubism movement, it is an art movement that is an abstract shoot-off of cubism focusing on pure abstraction and bright colors.
A form of digital art, created through the use of digital software, making the art down to its name sake size. It is normally found on phones, graphing calculators, and console games.
En Plein Air
A french expression literally meaning "in the open air", and is used to describe painting outdoors. It is important to the Barbizon school
A technique using small, distinct dots of pure color, and are applied to form an image. Seurat was a leading figure in this style of art.
An art movement that contradicted the principals of fine art at the time, because it took images from popular culture, and combined normally in an unrealistic manner.
The term used to describe the development of french art since Manet. It uses vivd colors, and thick application of paint, but they emphasized geometric form for dramatic effect.
A contributing factor to the rise of modernism, this style hit its popularity peak at the mid 1920's, and were commonly known as the immaculates, and their art was known as 'stiff'
A western art movement that was important to the development of modern art. It is known for going 'Back to Basics'. in its paintings, painting scenes of nature and simple (ish) subject matter
A term used to describe the art that is normally produced under the influence of hallucinatory drugs, such as LSD or Ecstasy, which was a popular style in the 1960's.
The attempt in a subject matter to represent it truthfully, without artificial components in the work as a whole. Artist: Courbet
A cultural and artistic movement centered in Italy. it brought the development of linear perspective, and a more natural reality in painting than what had been previously done before. Artists: DaVinci,Michelangelo, Raphael, Donatello.
Also known as late baroque, this period of art is known for a more graceful and jocular approach to baroque art. It uses playful artistic themes, and pastel like colors
Contributing to the rise of Gothic art, this period of art is known for its basic features of roman art, as well as barrel vaults, apses, and acanthus leaf decorations.
An artistic movement in Europe, which is partly a reaction to the Industrial Revolution, it is characterized by intense emotion and an authentic source of pure aesthetic experience. It evokes feelings such as horror, terror, and awe.
Literally New Prints, it is an art movement in Japan that is a remake of an older art movement, It is a movement of many different collages, in which all of the parts of the work take equal credit.
A form of contemporary art that incorporates disturbing images, sounds, or scents to create an intense image. it was originally meant to disturb smug and hypocritical artists and viewers of paintings.
Also astronomical art, it is the term for the genre of modern artistic expression to show the universe. It encompasses many different forms of art.
An umbrella term for public visual art that are normally unsanctioned, it is normally used interchangabally with graffiti. It is normally used to display political messages of the cities underground population.
A postmodern art movement that led the way to anime and manga. It is known for its odd qualities and quite famous in japanese culture.
Focusing on basic geometric figures, this work of art used very little color, and was a branch of abstract art combined with minimalism. It is known for expressing 'pure artistic feeling' rather than a depiction of an object.
A cultural art movement that is best known for creating strange and wonderful fantasies based upon real life, often having illogical scenes of unnerving concepts.
An art movement that attempted to analyze color and music into a single piece of art, by trying to paint what music would look like.
A photographic school that focused on older conceptual art rather than mass media, by using high intensity colors and photographs.
Art which relies on moving images to display its point.
Partly inspired by Cubism, this art movement that rejected the motion of landscape, and leaned towards abstraction in its presentation.
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
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