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the methods a writer uses to communicate information about charcerters to readers

direct characterization

when the author tells the reader directly about a character it is called _________

indirect characterization

when the author shows the character in action and lets readers draw their own conclusions, it is called _____


the moment when the action comes to its highest point of dramatic conflict. Most often, the climax occurs before the actual ending of the story


any obstacle that increases the tension of the story

story problem

the conflict is sometimes referred to as the story problem


verbal representation of characters, sconce, or action, used to make the story more vivid for the reader


the actual words that characters speak. Authors use dialogue skillfully the short story to portray character and to dramatize conflict


the authors choice of words, the vocal level of the story

dramatic irony

a technique that increases suspense by letting readers know more bout the dramatic situation than the characters know


background material about the characters, setting, and dramatic situation with which the author introduces the essentials of the stories to the reader

falling action

the part of the story, following the climax and leading to the resolution, in which there is a sharp decline in dramatic tension


a writing technique that gives readers clues about events that will happen later in the story


an exaggerated statement used to make a strong effect


the use of selected details to describe one thing in terms of another. this helps suggest additional meanings and feelings


a particular tone created when the speaker intended a meaning is opposite to the words he or she says

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