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16 terms

English Final- elements of a short story

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characterization
the methods a writer uses to communicate information about charcerters to readers
direct characterization
when the author tells the reader directly about a character it is called _________
indirect characterization
when the author shows the character in action and lets readers draw their own conclusions, it is called _____
climax
the moment when the action comes to its highest point of dramatic conflict. Most often, the climax occurs before the actual ending of the story
complication
any obstacle that increases the tension of the story
story problem
the conflict is sometimes referred to as the story problem
description
verbal representation of characters, sconce, or action, used to make the story more vivid for the reader
dialouge
the actual words that characters speak. Authors use dialogue skillfully the short story to portray character and to dramatize conflict
diction
the authors choice of words, the vocal level of the story
dramatic irony
a technique that increases suspense by letting readers know more bout the dramatic situation than the characters know
expositon
background material about the characters, setting, and dramatic situation with which the author introduces the essentials of the stories to the reader
falling action
the part of the story, following the climax and leading to the resolution, in which there is a sharp decline in dramatic tension
foreshadowing
a writing technique that gives readers clues about events that will happen later in the story
hyperbole
an exaggerated statement used to make a strong effect
imagery
the use of selected details to describe one thing in terms of another. this helps suggest additional meanings and feelings
irony
a particular tone created when the speaker intended a meaning is opposite to the words he or she says