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government that owns large industries, businesses and land


series of rulers from the same family


Chinese philospher and teacher who greatly influenced Chinese life

Great Wall of China

built to keep invaders out


ruler of widespread lands and groups of people

free enterprise

economic system in which people are free to choose their own jobs, start private businesses and make a profit

Mao Zedong

Chinese communist leader

Red Guard

band of radicals who were against old ideas, customs and traditions


Chinese island nation with free enterprise economy

Cultural Revolution

new society with no ties to the past

Great Leap Forward

Started by Mao Zedong, combined collective farms into People's Communes, failed because there was no incentive to work harder, ended after 2 years

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