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12 terms

Rivers and Streams

for trimester 3 test
STUDY
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watersheds
land area that SUPPLIES WATER to a river system
tributaries
smaller streams and rivers that feed into a main river
sediments
the PARTICLES of rock and soil that are moved by water or wind, resulting in erosion and deposition
erosion
process by which fragments of soil and rock are BROKEN OFF from the ground surface and CARRIED AWAY
deposition
process by which soil and fragments of rock are DEPOSITED in a new location
flood plain
the BROAD, FLAT VALLEY through which a river flows
oxbow lake
the crescent-shaped, cutoff body of water that remains after a river carves a new channel
meander
a LOOPING CURVE formed in a river as it winds through its flood plain
mouth
the point where a river FLOWS INTO another body of water
delta
the area of sediment deposits that build up near a river's mouth
headwaters
the many small streams that come together at the source of the river (contains rapids and waterfalls)
levee
a long ridge formed by deposits of sediments alongside a river channel