49 terms

History 1301 Exam 1

What caused the Dust Bowl and Dust Storms from 1930 -1936?
Dry farming; man-made; storms kick up all the dry sand; farmers ultimately caused most of this
Who is Louis Sullivan and what did he do?
was involved in the building of one of the first skyscrapers
What is and who "waved the bloody shirt"?
blaming democrats for all the deaths and events of the Civil War
What is the Era of Good Stealing's and what are some examples?
Lots of corruption (ex: fake elections)
Who is General Alfred Thayer Mahan and what influence did he have?
Wrote a book in 1890 "the influence of sea power upon history"; talks mostly about British navy and you have to have a strong merchant marines
What was the Open Door Policy and who dispatched it?
John Hayes wants to keep China open for trade and to ship products to them and what not; keep them open at least until WWII
Who wrote a thesis stating that America needed a frontier?
Who led Apache tribes in Arizona and New Mexico from 1858 - 1866?
Who was an ex-slave from the South and believed African-Americans should help themselves before getting more rights?
Booker T. Washington
Who in 1877 said "From where the sun now stands, I will fight no more forever"?
Chief Joseph
Who was first African-American to get PHD from Harvard and demanded complete equality for African-American?
W.E.B. Dubois
What were the conditions of the Homestead Act of 1862?
Idea is to get farmers to move west; settle the Great Plains;
Who was only person to serve non-consecutive terms as 22nd and 24th President?
Grover Cleveland
As a result of the Compromise of 1877, who became the 19th President in U.S.?
Rutherford B. Hayes
Who was assassinated by Charles J. Guiteau on September 19th, 1881?
James Garfield
What were the many impacts that railroads had on the nation?
Many jobs for folks; quicker trips, less stress; time zones came about (4 time zones);
What were the 5 ways that Indians were subdued?
Railroads cut through their territory, diseases from settlers, extermination of the buffalo,
Who died with his troops at the Battle of Little Big Horn?
General Custer
Who was President, a "Rough Rider" and Assistant Secretary of Navy?
Theodore Roosevelt
Who commanded the U.S. Navy in the defeat of the Spanish Fleet in Manila Harbor?
Commodore George Dewey
Which Presidential candidate who advocated "free silver", but lost election?
William Jennings Bryan
Who won the Gold vs Silver debate with his election win in 1896?
William McKinley
Who led the African-American 10th Calvary at the battles of El Caney and San Juan Hill?
John J. Pershing
What were the many aspects of the Dawes Severity Act of 1877?
The legal entities of all tribes are dissolved; after 25 years they could gain citizenship
Who was it that coined the Gilded Age in 1873?
Mark Twain
Why did the US become the world's largest manufacturer in 1894?
• Our abundant capital, fully exploited natural resources, American ingenuity, cheap labor to make things; plays a major role in early 20th century America (the industrial manufacturing)
What was the greatest weakness of labor unions?
They didn't have a lot of support or backing to help them out
In the late 1800's, which sport emerged as America's national pastime?
Baseball, started after the civil war
Who won the Election of 1868?
Ulysses S. Grant
What was the Credit Mobilier Standard?
• This involved railroad construction payoffs
• The company paid itself huge sums of money (Federal Dollars)
• A New York newspaper busted them
Who were the primary losers of the Compromise of 1877?
Southern African americans; with the troops leaving the south, their protection goes way down and things get worse for them
What were the Jim Crow laws in the South?
Separation of black and white areas and what the African americans can and cannot do; literacy laws, history knowledge, voting restriction, poll taxes
Which Supreme Court Ruling said that "separate but equal" facilities were constitutional?
Plessy v. Ferguson
What was the political impact of the Jim Crow laws?
Kept the African Americans from voting republican
What was the first U.S. law that restricted immigration?
Chinese Exclusion Act (1882)
What was the purpose of the Pendleton Act?
effectively ends the spoil system
Who was the Populist Party's presidential candidate in 1892?
James Weaver
What were the two most serious economic downturns in the latter 19th century?
• Panic of 1873 (overspeculation and inflation)
• Panic of 1893 (cripples the US economy)
What was America's territorial growth in the latter half of the 19th century?
• Sewards folley (U.S. purchased Alaska for 7.2 million dollars from Russia)
• August 28th, 1867 (take possession of the Midway islands)
• Simoan Islands
• April 1875: treaty with Hawaii to trade sugar
• Pearl Harbor
What was a result of the Venezuela Crisis between the US and Britain?
• Between Great Britain and Venezuela (since 1835)
• British Guiana and Venezuela had been in a border dispute
• In May, 1895, British Navy/Military arrived in area
• American Public was outraged
What were considered to be Spain's advantages at beginning of Spanish-American War?
Old world power, one of the great powers of Europe; larger navy, more experienced officers
What were the parts of the Peace Treaty that ended the Spanish-American War?
Signed between US and Spain; US paid Spain 20 million dollars and gained territories and naval bases, and Guantanamo bay
What was the Platt Amendment?
US has the right to interfere with Cuba and keep peace whenever they want
What happened during the Election of 1900?
Theodore Roosevelt becomes the biggest hero and is being courted by BOTH political parties, but he ends up choosing the Republican party
After becoming President, Theodore Roosevelt went on to be recognized for what?
Youngest acting president ever, doesn't necessarily associate himself a certain political party; first "modern" president
Why was Theodore Roosevelt motivated to build a canal?
It was in the United States' best interest for defense; the faster the Navy can get from one side to another, the better! Protect our islands as well
Which Latin American nation backed out of a deal that would have given land to the U.S. to build a canal?
What was the neighbor "Bad Neighbor Policy"?
The Roosevelt Corralary in 1904
Who won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1906 and why?
Theodore Roosevelt, because