74 terms

English 1 Honors Literary Terms

STUDY
PLAY
Alliteration
repitition of CONSONANT sounds (at the beginning of words). Peter Piper Picked a Pickled Pepper. (See the pattern?)
Allusion
A reference to another text, event, place, work of art, etc. Like another book mentioning that the students had to read "The Red Badge of Courage" (You all know how much we love THAT)
Hyperbole
A huge exaggeration or overstatement. Really, you couldn't eat that whole cow right now.
Foreshadowing
When the author gives a hint about what will happen later in a text. Quizlet tends to lead students to As on their finals.
Imagery
Language that evokes one or more of the five senses. Think those warm gingerbread cookies baking during the holidays, that warming smell wafting through the warm air.
Irony
Expressing meaning by stating the opposite of what is meant; 3 kinds: dramatic, verbal, situation
Metaphor
Comparison of two unlike things NOT using like or as. It is faster than any automobile out there.
Personification
Giving human qualities to animals or objects. The talking tree. Just why!?
Simile
A comparison using like or as. As pointless as a dull pencil. (ha ha ha)
Symbol
An object/action that represents something more than the object/action itself. You remember our talks on SYMBOLS!
Theme
The message the author wants a reader to walk away from a text with. Themes like "war isn't romantic" and "depressing man in a big castle is bound to go insane"
Tone
The author's tone of voice (attitude author takes toward a subject).
Analogy
similarity; parallelism; comparing two similar things. As cat is to purr, as dog is to bark.
Analysis
an investigation of the component parts of a whole and their relations in making up the whole. Basically breaking down something into teenzy-weenzie bits.
Antagonist
One who is openly hostile and agressive towards another. THE BAD GUY.
Audience
The people intended to read the piece of writing. Like us!
Author's Purpose
A writer writes usually to explain, entertain, express, or persuade. Now why would someone write this?
Autobiography
Story of a person's life written by that person. The person writes about themselves; selfish? Nah, we don't seem to think so.
Character
the inherent complex of attributes that determine a persons moral and ethical actions and reactions. Like the personality.
Characterization
the act of describing distinctive characteristics or essential features. The verb for "character". THE ACT OF DESCRIBING A CHARACTER'S PERSONALITY.
Climax
the highest point of anything conceived of as growing or developing or unfolding. Think of reaching the top of Mt. Everest.
Compare and Contrast
tell how things are alike and different. Apples and bananas.... hm.....
Conflict
opposition in a work of drama or fiction between characters or forces (especially an opposition that motivates the development of the plot) THE PROBLEM.
Connotation
an idea that is implied or suggested. Maybe you should keep studying on Quizlet... (hint hint: KEEP STUDYING!)
Denotation
the most direct, obvious meaning of a word or expression.
Description
a statement that represents something in words, a text describing something.
Dialect
the usage or vocabulary that is characteristic of a specific group of people. Like an accent, sort of... New England Dialect, Southern dialect, you get it?
Diction
WORD CHOICE!
Drama
the literary genre of works intended for the theater; and episode that is highly turbulant and emotional.
Epic
a long narrative poem telling of a hero's deeds. Think "Beowolf", the poem goes on forever!
Euphemism
an inoffensive expression that is substituted for one that is considered offensive. Basically, a statement that sugarcoats the truth.
Falling Action
Events after the climax, leading to the resolution. Climbing back down Mt. Everest.
Figurative Language
Writing or speech that is not meant to be taken literally. No i didn't really tell you to take a hike!
Fiction
a literary work based on the imagination and not necessarily on fact.
Flashback
A transition in the series of events in a text, that skips back to past events.
Foil
A character who's views conflict with the views of another character.
Genre
The kind of literary work.
Historical Context
the political and social events and trends of the time plays a key role in the story setting
Myth
a traditional story (most likely false) accepted as history
Narrative
The telling of a story.
Narrator
someone who tells a story.
Novel
a extended fictional work in prose
Novella
a short novel
Paradox
(logic) a self-contradiction. Death is not sad, yet it is so sad to die. huh!?
Parellelism
The use of identical or equivalent syntactic constructions in corresponding clauses or phrases. Parallel lines= parallel phrases. Something like that.
Plot
The story basically.
Poem
A rythmically-written text.
Point of View
The position something is told in. 1st person (me, I), 2nd person (you), 3rd person (him/her/they)
Prediction
a statement made about the future. You WILL pass this final, if you use quizlet.
Protagonist
the principal character in a work of fiction. THE GOOD GUY.
Realism
Realistic views.
Rising Action
Action that leads to turning point. Climbing Mt. Everest.
Setting
Arrangment of scenery to explain the Where and When.
Stanza
a fixed number of lines of verse forming a unit of the poem
Summary
a brief statement that presents the main points of a story in a concise form. A short description explaining the main idea.
Synopsis
A VERY short, opaque (not very clear or detailed) summary of a text.
Mood
the overall emotion created by a work of literature. Did it scare you? Make you laugh? Cry?
Rhetorical Question
a statement that is formulated as a question but that is not supposed to be answered. Am I the only one on this planet who has such an annoying brother?
Satire
Witty language used to insult and criticize.
Stereotype
a conventional or formulaic conception or image about a group of people. All Americans are patriotic.
Structure
the arrangement of the text--paragraphs, stanzas; linear or nonlinear. How the text is organized.
Voice
The fluency, rhythm and liveliness in writing that makes it unique to the writer. The combination of words, tone, and literary devices an author uses that makes them unique.
Naturalism
In literature, the study of being human without using biased statements.
Epiphany
A moment of clarity; personal realization
Puritanism
(1600s-1780s) A literary movement from the Pilgrims that was strictly based off the bible, the thought that man is inherently evil and must work hard to have happiness. All about secceeding and exceeding. Never in novels, novels were a waste of time. Wrote sermons, diaries, poetry, and chronicles all with heavy biblical reference - Anne Bradstreet, Winthrop, Jonathon Edwards.
Enlightenment
(1750s-1800) A movement, usually written in pamphlets and philosophical tracts, explaining reason and a rational/logical approach to the world. Pragmatism (truth measured by experience), Deism (God created world, END OF STORY. He has no effect on human life) and Idealism (Conviction of universal right and wrong, goodness of man) - Ben Franklin, Thomas Paine, Jefferson, Creveceour
Transcendentalism
(Mid-1800s) New types of literature and philosophy that emerged in New England, based on nature not materialistic views, focused on individual consious and intuition- Ralph Waldo Emmerson, Henry David Thoreau, Walt Whitman, and Margret Fuller
Gothic
(1760s-late 1800s) A literary movement set in gloomy, dark, mysterious settings (remember kids, big lonely mansions and castles), exploring mental states, evil, death, SUPERNATURAL. No happy endings, despondant mood, dark symbols, mentally-unstable characters- Edgar Allen Poe
Romanticism
(1820s-1860s) A literary movement centered usually around thoughts and dreams, individualistic views and one's emphasis on society, and examined the purpose and reason for all types of issues (war, government, slavery, materialism, etc.)
Ethos
A type of persuassion where the speaker uses evidence to convince the audience that they are qualified to speak on the subject and are most likely right.
Pathos
A type of persuassion where the speaker tries to appeal to the audience's ethical judgement, feelings, and personal values through passionate deliveries and poetic literary devices (Similes, metaphors, remember those, kids).
Logos
A type of persuassion where the speak utilizes logical data and facts to change audience's opinion. In some ways, it even makes Ethos more effective (facts can make one look smarter!)
Euphoneus
Language that flows and is melodic (think melody), a smooth, sweet-sounding text. Try to say euphoneus in your head very smooth, and kind of fun to say.
Cacophonous
Language that is harsh, rough and clashy. Think of saying it in your head like Ca. COPH (cough, cough). onous.