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Vocab level G 7-15

STUDY
PLAY
allay
(v.) to calm or pacify, set to rest; to lessen or relieve
bestial
(adj.) beastlike; beastly, brutal; subhuman in intelligence and sensibility
convivial
(adj.) festive, sociable, having fun together, genial
coterie
(n.) a circle of aquaitances; a close-knit, often exclusive, group of people with a common interest
counterpart
(n.) a person or thing closely resembling or corresponding to another; a complement
demur
(v.) to object or take exception to; (n.) an objection
effrontery
(n.) shameless boldness, impudence
embellish
(v.) to decorate, adorn, touch up; to improve by adding details
ephemeral
(adj.) lasting only a short time, short-lived
felicitous
(adj.) appropriate, apt, well chosen; marked by well-being or good fortune, happy
furtive
(adj.) done slyly or stealthily, sneaky, secret, shifty; stolen
garish
(adj.) glaring; tastelessly showy or overdecorated in a vulgar or offensive way
illusory
(adj.) misleading, decemptive; lacking in or not based on reality
indigent
(adj.) needy, impoverished
inordinate
(adj.) far too great, exceeding reasonable limits, excessive
jettison
(v.) to cast overboard, get rid of as unnecessary or burdensome
misanthrope
(n.) a person who hates or despises people
pertinacious
(adj.) very persistent; holding firmly to a course of action or a set of beliefs; hard to get rid of, refusing to be put off or denied
picayune
(adj.) of little value or importance, paltry, measly; concerned with trifling matters, small-minded
raiment
(n.) clothing, garments
allege
(v.) to assert without proof or confirmation
arrant
(adj.) out-and-out, shameless, blatant
badinage
(n.) light and playful conversation
concilliate
(v.) to overcome the distrust of, win over; to appease, pacify; to reconcile, make consistent
countermand
(v.) to cancel or reverse one order or command with another that is contrary to the first
echelon
(n.) one of a series of grades in an organization or field of activity; an organized military unit; a steplike formation or arrangement
exacerbate
(v.) to make more violent, severe, bitter, or painful
fatuous
(adj.) stupid or foolish in a self-satisfied way
irrefutable
(adj.) impossible to disprove; beyond arguement
juggernaut
(n.) a massive and inescapable force or object that crushes whatever is in its path
lackadaisical
(adj.) lacking spirit or interest; halfhearted
litany
(n.) a prayer consisting of short appeals to God recited by the leader alternating with responses from the congregation; any repetitive chant; a long list
macabre
(adj.) grisly, gruesome; horrible, distressing; having death as a subject
paucity
(n.) an inadequate quantity, scarcity, dearth
portend
(v.) to indicate beforehand that something is about to happen; to give advance warning of
raze
(v.) to tear down, destroy completely; to cut or scrape off or out
recant
(v.) to withdraw a statement or belief to which one has previously been committed, renounce, retract
saturate
(v.) to soak thoroughly, fill to capacity; to satisfy fully
saturnine
(adj.) of a gloomy or surly disposition; cold or sluggish in mood
slough
(v.) to cast off, discard; to get rid of something objectionable or unnecessary; to plod through as if through mud; (n.) a mire; a state of depression
acclaimation
(n.) a shout of welcome; an overwhelming verbal vote of approval
bucolic
(adj.) characteristic of the countryside. rural; relating to shepherds and cowherds, pastoral
calumniate
(v.) to slander; to accuse falsely and maliciously
chary
(adj.) extremely cautious, hesitant or slow; reserved
collusion
(n.) secret agreement or cooperation
dilettante
(n.) a dabbler in the arts; one who engages in an activity in an ameteurish, trifling way; (adj.) superficial
imperturbable
(adj.) not easily excited; emotionally steady
increment
(n.) an enlargement, increase, addition
mandate
(n.) an authoritative command, formal order, authorization; (v.) to issue such an order
paltry
(adj.) trifling, insignificant; mean, despicable; inferior, trashy
paroxysm
(n.) a sudden outburst; a spasm, convulsion
pedantry
(n.) a pretentious display of knowledge; overly rigid attention to rules and details
peregrination
(n.) the act or traveling ; an excursion, especially on foot or to a foreign country
redolent
(adj.) fragrant, smelling strongly; tending to arouse memories or create an aura
refulgent
(adj.) shining, radiant, resplendent
shibboleth
(n.) a word, expression, or custom that distinguishes a particular group of persons from all others, a commonplace saying or truism
tyro
(n.) a beginner, novice; one with little or no background or skill
unremitting
(adj.) not stopping, maintained steadily, never letting up, relentless
vacillate
(v.) to swing indecisively from one idea or course of action to another; to waver weakly in mind or will
vituperative
(adj.) harshly abusive, severely scolding
askance
(adj.) with suspicion, distrust, or disapproval
attenuate
(v.) to make thin or slender; to weaken or lessen in force, intensity, or value
benign
(adj.) gentle, kind; forgiving, understanding; having a favorable or beneficial effect; not malignant
cavil
(v.) to find fault in a petty way, carp; (n.) a trivial objection or criticism
charlatan
(n.) one who feigns knowledge or ability; a pretender, impostor, or quack
decimate
(v.) to kill or destroy a large part of
foible
(n.) a weak point, failing, minor flaw
forgo
(v.) to do without, abstain from, give up
fraught
(adj.) full of or loaded with; accompanied by
inure
(v.) to toughen, harden; to render used to something by long subjection or exposure
luminous
(adj.) emitting or reflecting light, glowing; illuminating
obsequious
(adj.) marked by slavish attentiveness; excessively submissive
obtuse
(adj.) blunt, not coming to a point; slow or dull in understanding; not causing a sharp impression
oscillate
(v.) to swing back and forth with a steady rhythm; to fluctuate or waver
penitent
(adj.) regretful for one's sins or mistakes. (n.) one who is sorry for wrongdoing
peremptory
(adj.) having the nature of a command that leaves no opportunity for debate, denial, or refusal
rebuff
(v.) to snub; to repel, drive away; (n.) a curt rejection, a check
reconnoiter
(v.) to engage in reconnaissance; to make a preliminary inspection
shambles
(n.) a slaughterhouse; a place of mass bloodshed; a state of complete disorder and confusion
sporadic
(adj.) occurring at irregular intervals, having no set plan or order
abrogate
(v.) to repeal, cancel, declare null and void
ambient
(adj.) completely surrounding, encompassing
asperity
(n.) roughness, severity; bitterness or tartness
burnish
(v.) to make smooth or glossy by rubbing, polish; (n.) gloss, brightness, luster
cabal
(n.) a small group working in secret
delectable
(adj.) delightful, highly enjoyable,; deliciously flavored, savory; (n.) an appealing or appetizing food
deprecate
(v.) to express mild disapproval; to belittle
detritus
(n.) loose bits and pieces of material resulting from disintegration or wearing away; fragments that result from any destruction
ebullient
(adj.) overflowing with enthusiasm and excitement; boiling, bubbling
eclectic
(adj.) drawn from different sources; (n.) one whose beliefs are drawn from various sources
flaccid
(adj.) limp, not firm; lacking vigor or effectiveness
impecunious
(adj.) having little or no money
inexorable
(adj.) inflexible, beyond influence; relentless, unyielding
moribund
(adj.) dying, on the way out
necromancer
((n.) one who claims to reveal or influence the future through magic
onerous
(adj.) burdensome; involving hardship or difficulty
rife
(adj.) common, prevalent, widespread, happening often; full, abounding; plentiful, abundant
rudiments
(n.) the parts of any subject that are learned first; the earliest stages of anything
sequester
(v.) to set apart, separate for a special purpose; to take possession of and hold in custody
winnow
(v.) to get rid of something unwanted, delete; to sift through to obtain what is desirable; to blow on, fan
aesthetic
(adj.) pertaining to beauty; sensitive or responsive to beauty
defunct
(adj.) no longer in existence or functioning, dead
discomfit
(v.) to frustrate, thrawt, or defeat; to confuse, perplex, or embarrass
espouse
(v.) to take up and support; to become attatched to, adopt; to marry
fetish
(n.) an object believed to have magical powers; an object of unreasoning devotion or reverence
gregarious
(adj.) living together in a herd or group; sociable, seeking the company of others
hapless
(adj.) marked by a persistent absence of good luck
impeccable
(adj.) faultless, beyond criticism or blame
importune
(v.) to trouble with demands; to beg for insistently
interpolate
(v.) to insert between other parts or things; to present as an addition or correction
irreparable
(adj.) incapable or being repaired or rectified
laconic
(adj.) concise, using few words
languish
(v.) to become weak, feeble, or dull; to droop; to be depressed or dispirited; to suffer neglect
mendacious
(adj.) given to lying or deception; untrue
nadir
(n.) the lowest point
omnipresent
(adj.) present in all places at all times
perfunctory
(adj.) done in a superficial or halfhearted manner; without interest or enthusiasm
plaintive
(adj.) expressive of sorrow or woe, melancholy
requite
(v.) to make suitable repayment, as for a kindness, service, or favor; to make retaliation, as for an injury or wrong; to reciprocate
tantamount
(adj.) equivalent, having the same meaning, value, or effect
abstruse
(adj.) extremely difficult to understand
affront
(n.) an open or intentional insult; a slight; (v.) to insult to one's face; to face in defiance , confront
canard
(n.) a false rumor, fabricated story
captious
(adj.) excessively ready to find fault; given to petty criticism; intended to trap, confuse, or show up
cognizant
(adj.) aware, knowledgeable, informed; having jurisdiction
contrite
(adj.) regretful for some misdeed or sin; plagued by a sense of guilt
cynosure
(n.) the center of attraction, attention, or interest; something that serves to guide or direct
decorous
(adj.) well behaved, dignified, socially proper
deign
(v.) to think it appropriate or suitable to one's dignity to do something
desiccated
(adj.) thoroughly dried out; arid and uninteresting
efficacy
(n.) the power to produce a desired result
engender
(v.) to bring into existence, give rise to, produce; to come into existence
ethereal
(adj.) light, airy, delicate; highly refined; suggesting what is heavenly
facade
(n.) the front of a building; a surface appearance
ghoulish
(adj.) revolting in an unnatural or morbid way
incongruous
(adj.) not in keeping, unsuitable, incompatible
machination
(n.) a crafty, scheming, or underhanded action designed to accomplish some end
mesmerize
(v.) to hypnotize, entrance; to fascinate, enthrall, bewitch
opprobrium
(n.) disgrace arising from shameful conduct; contempt, reproach
putative
(adj.) generally regarded as such; reputed; inferred
beatific
(adj.) blissful; rendering or making blessed
behemoth
(n.) a creature of enormous size, power, or appearance
blandishment
(n.) anything designed to flatter or coax; sweet talk, apple-polishing
cacophonous
(adj.) harsh-sounding, raucous, discordant, dissonant
chicanery
(n.) trickery, deceptive practices or tactices, double-dealing
consign
(v.) to give over to another's care, charge, or control; to entrust, deliver; to set apart for a special use
coup
(n.) a highly successful stroke, masterstroke, tour de force, act, plan, or stratagem; a sudden takeover of power or leadership
euphemism
(n.) a mild or inoffensive expression used in place of harsh or unpleasant one; a substitute
fenrile
(adj.) feverish; pertaining to or marked by fever; frenetic
gainsay
(v.) to deny, contridict, controvert; to dispute, oppose
imminent
(adj.) about to happen, threatening
innate
(adj.) natural, inborn, inherent; built-in
loath
(adj.) unwilling, reluctant, disinclined
manifest
(adj.) clear, evident to the eyes or mind; (v.) to show plainly, exhibit, evince; (n.) a list of cargo and/or passengers
minutiae
(pl. n.) small or trivial details, trifling matters
moratorium
(n.) a suspension of activitiy; an offical waiting period; an authorized period of delay
nostrum
(n.) an alleged cure-all; a remedy or scheme of questionable effectiveness
pariah
(n.) one who is rejected by a social group or organization
visionary
(adj.) not practical, lacking in realism; having the nature of a fantasy or dream; (n.) one given to far fetched ideas; a dreamer or seer characterized by vision or foresight
wizened
(adj.) dry, shrunken, and wrinkled (often as the result of aging)
amenity
(n.) that which is pleasant or agreeable
aperture
(n.) an opening, gap, hole; orifice
dissidence
(n.) a difference of opinion; discontent
epicurean
(adj.) devoted to the pursuit of pleasure; fond of good food;comfort and ease; (n.) a person with discriminating taste
improvident
(adj.) not thrifty, failing to plan ahead
iniquity
(n.) wickedness, sin; a grossly immoral act
inviolable
(adj.) sacred; of such a character that it might not be broken, injured, or profaned
mutable
(adj.) open to or capable of change; fickle
nascent
(adj.) just beginning to exist or develop; having just come into existence
obeisance
(n.) a deep bow or other body movement indicating respect or submission; homage
panegyric
(n.) formal or elaborate praise; a tribute
pillory
(n.) a device for publicly punishing offenders; a means for exposing one to public contempt or ridicule
pittance
(n.) a woefully meager allowance, wage, or portion
presage
(v.) to foreshadow and point to a future event; to predict; (n.) a warning or indication of the future
progeny
(n.) descendants, offspring, children, followers
promulgate
(v.) to explain or issue officially; to make known far and wide
rectitude
(n.) uprightness, righteousness; correctness
restive
(adj.) restless, hard to manage, balky
seraphic
(adj.) angelic, heavenly, celestial
subsist
(v.) to have existence; to remain alive, manage to make a living or maintain life; to persist or continue