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22 terms

Block 6b Test Review

STUDY
PLAY
what injury presents with painless bright red vaginal bleeding?
placenta previa
what is an increase in blood pressure (at least 30mmHg systolic or 15mmHg diastolic) at least two occasions in pregnant patients?
pre-eclampsia
how long apart do the two spikes of blood pressure in pre-eclampsia have to be?
at least 6 hrs apart
what is a tonic-clonic seizure that is treated with mag sulfate?
eclampsia
what is the dosage to treat it with?
a bolus of 2g diluted in 50-100mL Slow IVP
when is pre-eclampsia most commonly seen?
the last 10 weeks of gestation, during labor, or in the first 48hrs postpartum
what is the development of nitrogen bubbles within the tissues due to a rapid reduction of air pressure?
decompression illness
how is the "Bends" treated and what is it affiliated with?
its treated with re-compression and a hyperbaric chamber, and its affiliated with decompression illness
what gas law states that the total pressure of a mixture of gases is equal to the sum of the partial pressures of the individual gases?
Daltons Gas Law
what gas law states that the amount of gas dissolved in a given volume of fluid is proportional to the pressure of the gas above it?
Henrys Gas Law
what symptoms do nitrogen narcosis present with?
altered level of consciousness and impaired judgment
a patient acting funny and violent could be presenting what?
psychiatric problems, behavioral problems,
what are similar toxins with similar signs and symptoms?
toxidromes
what do people OD on heart medications?
because they tend to forget that they took the medication, or the are trying to "catch up" on their missed doses
what does SLUDGE stand for?
Salivation,
Lacrimation,
Urination,
Deification,
GI Motility,
Emesis
what do you not want to do when treating snakebites?
apply ice packs, arterial tourniquets, electrical stimulation, or incise the wound
what do you administer a patient who had OD on benzos?
Flumazinel
what drug is used to treat bipolar(manic-depressive) disorder?
Lithium is used and have been proven the most effective
Diazepam (valium) dose
2-10mg slow IVP
Ipratropium (atrovent) dose
0.5mg nebulized, used for asthma
what can pregnant patients with pre-existing medical conditions develop?
CHF, gestational diabetes, hypertension, seizure disorders, and neuromuscular disorders
what is false labor, which increases in intensity and frequency but doesnt cause cervical changes?
Braxton-Hicks Contractions