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Three Levels of Analysis

1. Constitution - colour/pigmentation
2. Disposition - structure/density/weave
3. Diathesis - overlay/additional substances


- First level of analysis
- Colour 3 types
Lymphatic - blue, blue grey
Mixed biliary - hazel, brown-green
Haematogenic - brown
- Inherited
- Race determined?
- Adaptation to climatic conditions


2. Disposition - structure/density/weave
- Second level of analysis
- Structure - 5 types
- Inherited
- Iris print
- Totally individual but may conform to certain recognized patterns


3. Diathesis - overlay/additional substances
- Third level of analysis
- Overlay - 5 types
- Inherited or acquired
- Faults in metabolic regulation
- Accumulation or encumbrance

Constitution - Colour

1. Adaptation to climatic Constitution - colour/pigmentation
The first level of analysis
Colour 3 types
Lymphatic - blue, blue grey
Mixed bilary - hazel, brown-green
Haematogenic - brown
Possible 4th, - black, chromatophoric

Lymphatic constitution characteristics

- Blue / Blue-grey unpigmented
- Evolved in cooler climates
- concern with lymphatic reactivity, drainage, immunity
- Prone to mucous membrane affectations in early life, tonsils, ear, nose, throat, and skin

LYMPHATIC CONSTITUTION - Dynamics of Disharmony

LYMPHATIC CONSTITUTION - Dynamics of Disharmony
• Stifled lymph drainage leading to focal infections (e.g.) ear, nose, throat
• Kidney insufficiency, compounded by under-activity of skin and peripheral lymphatics
• Low absorption in small intestine leading to poorly nourished blood
• Evolved in cooler climates, learned to develop and conserve its own heat
• Concerned with lymphatic reactivity
• Prone to catarrh and mucous membrane affectations in early life
• Prone to arthritic/rheumatic inflammation in later life

Lymphatic constitution
Typical symptoms

• Ear nose throat
• Irritable bowel - reactivity of mucosa
• Skin conditions - eczema psoriasis, urticarial
• Allergies, including food
• Rheumatic and arthritic inflammation

Lymphatic constitution
Treatment principles

• Improve lymph drainage
• Stimulate immunity- eleutrococcus, rhodiola
• Tone and strengthen kidneys
• Cleanse and detoxify liver
• Calm inflammatory reactions
• Improve digestive absorption - carminative herbs
• Fats and oils for warmth and energy - run a fat burning metabolism rather than a CHO burning metabolism


- Brown-grey/hazel iris (partial pigment)
- Pigment concentrated over pupillary zone and reflected in outer zone
- Blend of lymphatic and haematogenic types with varying dominance of one or other
- concern with digestive function and enzymes
- Prone to sluggish digestion


• Reduced efficiency of liver, gall bladder, and pancreas
• Insufficiency of digestive enzymes
• Poor absorption and distribution of nurtriment
• Shares some concerns of lymphatic type
• Brown/grey/hazel iris - with partial pigmentation
• Pigment concentrated over pupillary zone with reflection in outer zone
• Blend of lymphatic and haematogenic types varying dominance of one or the other
• Concern with digestive function and enzymes
• Prone to sluggish digestion, constipation - use bitters and cooling herbs - pancreas and bile

MIXED BILIARY CONSTITUTION - Dynamics of disharmony

MIXED BILIARY CONSTITUTION - Dynamics of disharmony
• Reduced efficiency of liver, pancreas, gall bladder
• Insufficient digestive enzymes
• Poor absorption and distribution of nutriment
• Shares come concerns of the lymphatic type

Mixed Biliary
Typical symptoms

• Epigastric fullness and bloating
• Flatulence, belching
• Constipation
• Endocrine insufficiency including hypoglycaemia /diabetes - could be sugar craving
• Auto-intoxication

Mixed Biliary
Treatment Principles

Treatment principles
- Stimulate gastric and exocrine
- Stimulate gastric and endocrine secretions - bitter tonics
- Relieve hepatic congestion
- Diet alittel and oftern dimple meals, food combining
- Balance blood sugars
- Relieve constipation and cleanse bowels
- Lymphatic treatments where indicated

Haematogenic Constitution characteristics

- Pure dark brown iris - Total pigmentation
- Evolved in hot climate, learned to protect itself from excess heat
- Concerned with blood composition and blood dymamics
- Prone to blood disorders, dyscrasia, blood sugar irregularity and other hormonal complaints
- Late onset of symptoms, low incidence of fever, but of much greater significance when it does occur

Haematogenic constitution
- Dynamics of disharmony

- insufficiency of liver and gall bladder leading to encumberance of blood
- increased blood viscosity leads to poor peripheral circulation
- Lipidaemia, excess blood cholesterol and trigycerides in blood
- reduced efficiency of hormone tranport
- Poor mineral provision

Haematogenic constitution
- typical symptoms

- Symptoms tend to develop later in life
- Elevated blood fats
- Hypogly and diabetes
- Endocrine insufficiency
- Crystallisation , tumours, cysts, lithiasis
- Cold extremities
- Pungents are good blood movers, cayenne and ginger

Haematogenic constitution
- Treatment Principles

- Stimulate liver metabolism
- Improve fat and sugar metabolism
- Warm and stimulate peripheral circulation
- Improve enzyme provision
- Balance hormones
- Supplemet minerals and electrolytes in diet

5 Types of Dispositions = Structural types

- Neurogenic (high resistance): fine texture, iris fibres close together, few gaps if any
- Connective Tissue Weakness (Survivor/adjuster); low density iris, lots of holes and gaps
- Larvate Tetanic (Self protective): dense iris, circular and radial furrows
- Polyglandular (hormones/emotions); glandular,digestive, lacunae circling the colarette
Tubercular (immune reactivity - memory of tb bulit into genes): Koch's sign, white fibres, combed hair appearance

Neurogenic disposition characteristics

- More common in lymphatic types
- "Silk" textured iris - fine fibre structure
- Strong constitution, high resistance
- Prone to burn out and pathologies of the nerve system
- Because of burn out can use troporestoratives, withania, eleuthrococcus

2 Types of Neurogenic Disposition

- Sensitive - compassionate, empathic types : motivated to help others
- Robust - extreme, reactive, adrenally driven: motivated to achieve and compete

Neurogenic Disposition

- So-called strong constitutions - "high resistance
- Involvements of nerves and adrenals
- Tendency to adrenal over-function and thus fatigue
- Movement into neuropathy over time
- Need to balance work rest and play
- Support nerves and adrenals

Connective Tissue Weakness Disposition

- Low density iris - hessian or net type
- Also more common in lymphatic types
- "Weak" constitution but flexible and adaptable
- Prone to immune disorders and low energy
- Can you have a Haematogenic CTW
- Reduced integrity of connective tissue, poor nutritional transport, poor drainage
- Easy injury (ligaments), organ prolapse and ptosis(droopy eyelid)
- Flexibility of character enables adaption
- Nutrition: maximise antioxidants, minerals, vitamins
- Exercise: avoid impact, and skeletal shock- go for yoga pilates, weights, swimming

Polyglandular Disposition

- Found in all colour types
- Ring of lacunae circling the colarette
- Prone to hormonal variations
- Variable energy levels
- Maybe artistic and emotional

Polyglandular Disposition

- Lacunae in hormonal(humoral) zone, flower petal pattern (daisy type)
- Erratic hormone function moving into actual endocrine pathology (e.g. diabetes)
- Emotionally driven, emotional honesty, creative, changeable
- Concern with digestion - supply of appropriate nutrition for hormones: add bitters tone up digestion
- Balance and support endocrine organs

Larvate Tetanic Disposition

- More common in mixed and haematogenic
- Circular and radial furrows
- Self protective type
- Nerves and nutrional dynamics
- Larvate (like larva: waiting to come out
- Tetanic - locked up, protecting, neuromuscular tension : love to be massaged
- Motivated to hide vulnerability: development of an effective social exterior
- Neuromuscular defensive patterns
- High demand for energy, low energy provision (spasm furrows affect digestion - nervous tummy)
- Energy gap
- Attention to nourishment
- Fatigue: need to go to bed early
- Elevated stress response

Tubecular Disposition

- Found in all colour types
- Koch's sign: genetic history influenced by TB
- Increased immune reactivity: allergy or inflammation
- Arthritic and rheumatic complaints

There are 5 Diathesis
an unusual constitutional susceptibility or predisposition to a particular disease.diathet´ic ...

- Hydrogenoid
- Hyperacidic
- Lipemic
- Dyscratic
- Allergic

meaning fatty damp

- More easily seen in Lymphatic
- Inherited diathesis
= Tegular ring of white or coloured flocculations (tophi) in outer zone
- Lymph congestion. allergy, focal reactivity
- Dots around iris : a defensive placement

Hyperacidic Diathesis

- More easily seen in ligher types
- "Urinary type"
- Clouds, wisps, plaques in cilary zone
- Poor resolution of endogenous acidic residues. with general acidosis, connective tissue encumberance
- Prone to arthritic conditions
- Needs hydration and alkaline diet

Lipemic Diathesis

- Seen in all types
- Opaque white or cream ring in outer zone
- Corneal deposition
- Considered to be acquired
- Potential for high blood fats, arteriosclerosis, atherosclerosis
- Also called the sodium ring (blue colour) - minerals out of solution

Dyscratic Diathesis

- Multiple pigment overlay
- Dysenzamatic type
- Considered to be acquired
- Reduced enzyme provision for digestion, detoxification, immunity, proteolysis
- Diabetes, soft tissue rheumatic diseases (fibromyalgia), increased tendancy to malignancyies
- Enzymes, bitters, raw foods see Christopher Hobbs

Allergiic diathesis

- Seen in all types
- Vascularisations in sclera impinge on iris margin
- Acquired
- Increased immune reactivity, allergy

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